Index Diachronica: involving /3/

135 results from /3/   102 results to /3/   25 results with context involving /3/   

plain

from /3/

135 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.1 North Omotic to Benchx2 s3 → ∅ ʃ / V_V
6.1.1.3 North Omotic to Kafa{s3,ʒ} → ʃ / #_
s3 → ʃ / V_V
s3 → s / V_$#
6.1.1.5 North Omotic to Shekkacho{s3,ts,ʒ} → s / _$#
s3 → ʃ / #_
s3 → s / V_$#
6.1.1.6 North Omotic to Wolayttax2 s3 → k ʃ / V_$#
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullax3 → ɡ / V_#
{s1,s3} → ʃ
6.1.2.1 South Omotic to Aaris1 s2 s3 → ʃ z tʃ
6.1.2.2 South Omotic to Dimes2 s3 → tʃː tʃ / V_
10 Austronesian10.6 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Paiwant1 d1 d3 Z → t d ɖ ɟ
10.7 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Rukai{t1,c} {d1,z} d3 → t d ɖ
17 Indo-European17.2 Proto-Indo-European to Common Anatolianh3 → ∅ / “medially”
{{h1,h3}s,s{h1,h3}} → sː (contested)
17.2.1 Common Anatolian to Hittiteh2 h3 → hh h
17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwianh2 h3 → hh h
17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycianh3 → ɡ / _B
17.2.4 Common Anatolian to Lydian{h2,h3} → ∅
17.2.5 Common Anatolian to Palaich2 h3 → hh h
17.5 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Celtic— h1e h2e h3e → e a o
— eh1 eh2 eh3 → eː aː oː
17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittiteh3 → ∅ / _o “(according to Kortlandt)”
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iranian{h1,h3} → *H
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinC1C2C3C4 → (C3)C4
C1C2C3 → C1C3
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianh3e o → o ɛ
{eh3,oH} → oː
ih1 i{h2,h3} → jə jɨ
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to ComoxV3ʔ → V3(ː)ʔ / _#
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{a3~i3} → i3
{i33} → ə3
{i31} → {ə1,i1,i3}
35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V3ʔ → V3(ː) / _#
V3ʔ → V3ː / _O
V3ʔR → V3ːR
u3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{u33} → {o33,a3}
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → ɛ3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → ə1
35.1.3 Proto-Central Salish to Cowichan HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V03ʔ(V0) → {V03ː,V03ʔV0}
V3ʔR → {V3ʔR,V3ːRʔ} / _V
a3 u3 {a1,u1} i1 → ɛ3 a3 ə1 {i11}
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → a3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → ə1
35.1.4 Proto-Central Salish to Musqueam HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V3ʔ → V3{ː,ʔ} / _O
V03ʔV0 → {V3ː,V03ʔV0}
V3ʔR → {V3ʔR,V3ːRʔ} / _V
u3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → {a33}
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → ə1
35.1.5 Proto-Central Salish to KlallamV03ʔ(V0) → V03ʔV0
a3 → u3 / {Cʷ[+uvular],Kʷ,w}
a3 → u3 / _{Cu,Cʷ[+uvular],w}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i33} → ə3
{i31} → ə1
35.1.6 Proto-Central Salish to LushootseedV3h → V3{ː,ʔ} / _C
V3ʔ → V3(ʔ) / _O
{u33} → a3
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{i33} → {i11}
{i31} → {i3,i1}
35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksacka1 u3 u1 i1 → æ2 o3 o1 i2
{u33} → o3
{a33} → æ3
{a3~i3} → æ3
{i3~e3} → {i33}
{i31} → i3
35.1.8 Proto-Central Salish to Lummi Northern Straitsu3 u1 → o3 ə1
a3 → o3 / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → o3 / _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
a3 → e3 / else
{u33} → ə1
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
{i31} → ə1
35.1.9 Proto-Central Salish to Saanich Northern StraitsV3h → V3(ː) / _C
u3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → e3 / ! {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_ or when _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
{a33} → {ə3,e3}
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → ə1
35.1.10 Proto-Central Salish to Songish Northern StraitsV3h → V3ː / _C
u3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → a3 / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → a3 / _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
{i31} → ə1
35.1.11 Proto-Central Salish to Sooke Northern Straitsu3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → {a3,o3} / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → e3
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
{i31} → ə1
35.1.12 Proto-Central Salish to Pentlatch{a33} → ə3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.13 Proto-Central Salish to Sechelt{u33} → u3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → i3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.14 Proto-Central Salish to Sqamish{u33} → ə3
{a33} → {a33}
{a3~i3} → i3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.15 Proto-Central Salish to Twanau3 u1 → o3 ə1
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{a3~i3} → a3
{i3~e3} → {i33}
{i31} → {i3,i1}
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old MandarinV3 → V4 / in syllables with /ɦ/

to /3/

102 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.6 North Omotic to Wolayttas → s3 / V_(V)
17 Indo-European17.2 Proto-Indo-European to Common AnatolianT h2 → D h3 / _#
T h2 → D h3 / V[-stress]_V[-stress]
T h2 → D h3 / ”Vː
T h2 → D h3 / ”W
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinC1C2C3C4 → (C3)C4
C1C2C3 → C1C3
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to ComoxV3ʔ → V3(ː)ʔ / _#
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{a3~i3} → i3
{i33} → ə3
{i31} → {ə1,i1,i3}
35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V3ʔ → V3(ː) / _#
V3ʔ → V3ː / _O
V3ʔR → V3ːR
u3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{u33} → {o33,a3}
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → ɛ3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
35.1.3 Proto-Central Salish to Cowichan HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V03ʔ(V0) → {V03ː,V03ʔV0}
V3ʔR → {V3ʔR,V3ːRʔ} / _V
a3 u3 {a1,u1} i1 → ɛ3 a3 ə1 {i11}
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → a3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
35.1.4 Proto-Central Salish to Musqueam HalkomelemV3h → V3ː / _C
V3ʔ → V3{ː,ʔ} / _O
V03ʔV0 → {V3ː,V03ʔV0}
V3ʔR → {V3ʔR,V3ːRʔ} / _V
u3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → {a33}
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
35.1.5 Proto-Central Salish to KlallamV03ʔ(V0) → V03ʔV0
a3 → u3 / {Cʷ[+uvular],Kʷ,w}
a3 → u3 / _{Cu,Cʷ[+uvular],w}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i33} → ə3
35.1.6 Proto-Central Salish to LushootseedV3h → V3{ː,ʔ} / _C
V3ʔ → V3(ʔ) / _O
{u33} → a3
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{i31} → {i3,i1}
35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksacka1 u3 u1 i1 → æ2 o3 o1 i2
{u33} → o3
{a33} → æ3
{a3~i3} → æ3
{i3~e3} → {i33}
{i31} → i3
35.1.8 Proto-Central Salish to Lummi Northern Straitsu3 u1 → o3 ə1
a3 → o3 / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → o3 / _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
a3 → e3 / else
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
35.1.9 Proto-Central Salish to Saanich Northern StraitsV3h → V3(ː) / _C
u3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → e3 / ! {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_ or when _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
{a33} → {ə3,e3}
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
35.1.10 Proto-Central Salish to Songish Northern StraitsV3h → V3ː / _C
u3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → a3 / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → a3 / _{Cu,C[+ uvular]ʷ,w}
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
35.1.11 Proto-Central Salish to Sooke Northern Straitsu3 u1 → a3 ə1
a3 → {a3,o3} / {{C[+ uvular],K}ʷ,w}_
a3 → e3
{u33} → ə3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → ə3
{i3~e3} → ə3
35.1.12 Proto-Central Salish to Pentlatch{a33} → ə3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.13 Proto-Central Salish to Sechelt{u33} → u3
{a33} → ə3
{a3~i3} → i3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.14 Proto-Central Salish to Sqamish{u33} → ə3
{a33} → {a33}
{a3~i3} → i3
{i3~e3} → {ə3,i3}
{i31} → i3
35.1.15 Proto-Central Salish to Twanau3 u1 → o3 ə1
{a33} → {ə3,a3}
{a3~i3} → a3
{i3~e3} → {i33}
{i31} → {i3,i1}
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old MandarinV5 → V3 / else

with context involving /3/

25 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omotica → o / #Cw_{(d)l,s3}
17 Indo-European17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittitee(ː) → o(ː) / _h3
e(ː) → o(ː) / h3_
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iraniane → a / _{h2,h3}
e → a / {h2,h3}_
p → b / _h3
35 Salishan35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack Halkomelem∅ → V0 / ”V03_
ʔ → ∅ / VR_V3
lʔn → lː / V3_V
35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksack∅ → V0 / ”V03ʔ_
ʔR → {ʔS,R} / V3_V
ʔ → ∅ / VR_V3
ʔ → ∅ / V3R_{C,#}
ə1 → æ2 / a3C(C)_
ə1 → æ2 / _C(C)a3
35.1.8 Proto-Central Salish to Lummi Northern Straitsʔ → ∅ / V3l_nV
ʔ → {∅,ʔ} / V3R_{C,#}
35.1.9 Proto-Central Salish to Saanich Northern StraitsʔR → Rʔ / V3_V
35.1.12 Proto-Central Salish to Pentlatchʔ → ∅ / V3_O
ʔ → ∅ / V3R_{V,#}
35.1.13 Proto-Central Salish to Secheltʔ → ∅ / V_V3
35.1.14 Proto-Central Salish to SqamishʔR → Rʔ / V3_V
35.1.15 Proto-Central Salish to TwanaʔR → ʔ{R,b} / V3_V
Rʔ → ʔR / V3_#
ʔ → ∅ / V3R_C