Index Diachronica: involving /ø/

51 results from /ø/   68 results to /ø/   5 results with context involving /ø/   

plain øː

from /ø/

51 matches

8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonic{a,e,o,æ} i u y ø → ə i ua {u,ə} {ə,u} / _Ce
{a,æ,e,ø,i,y} o → i u / _Ci
e i {o,u} æ ø y → {ə,a} {i,ə} ə a {ə,u} {u,ə} / _Co
8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolice o u æ ø y → {a,e} {o,u} {a,o,u a {a,o,u} {o,u,i} / _Ca
a e i o u æ ø y → {a,i} {e,ja} {e,i} {ø,y,o} {o,u,y} {i,a,e} {e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ce
a e u æ ø y → {a,e} {e,i} {y,ø} {i,e} {i,e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ci
a e o i æ ø y → {a,i,e} {a,e} u {o,u} e {ø,y,o,u} {o,u} / _Co
a e {o,u} æ ø y → {a,o,u} {e,a} {o,u} {a,o,u} {e,i,u} {i,o,u,y,ø} / _Cu
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusic{u,ø,y} æ → {o,u} ia / _Ca
æ ø → i {o,u} / _Ce
æ ø y → ia {o,u} i / _Ci
{u,æ} ø → {o,u} i / _Co
ø → i / {s,ʃ,x}_Cu
{u,æ,y} ø → {o,u} ia / _Cu
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkica ø → {a,ʌ} a / P_Ca
a e i u æ ø y → a {a,ʌ,e} {ɯ,i} {u,o} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} ɯ / _Ca
ø → ʌ / P_Ce
a {e,i} o u æ ø y → {ɛ,a} ɛ {ø,o} {y,u} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} {y,ø} / _Ci
a e i æ ø y → {o,ja,aj} {ʌ,ɜ} ɯ {ia,ja} {o,u} {u,o} / _Co
e i æ ø y → {ɛ,a,ʌ} {ɯ,i} {e,a} {u,o} ɯ / _Cu
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchakew (→ øj) → yj
8.5.2 Proto-Turkic to Sakhao oɡ ø øɡ iɡ → wo ɥø oː øː iː
17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scots— øː → wi / {k,ɡ}_ (in Mid Northern dialects)
— øː → i (in northern dialects)
— øː → (j){u,ʌ} / _{k,x} (outcome varies depending upon dialect)
— iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsøː → eː “(not a thorough change)”
ø → ɪ
17.7.2.2.3 Modern Dutch to Polder Dutch Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germany(ː) yə ø(ː) øy → i(ː) iə e(ː) ei (intermittent)
ou øy ei → au oy ai
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norseau {ai,ey,ei} æ{y,i} øy Vː → o e æ ø V / #(C)(C)(C)_CC
woː wøː jæː Vː → wo wøje V[- long] / _%
ø øː → e æː
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicøː → æ
u o a ø y e i → uː oː aː øi yː ei iː / _{ɲc,ɲɟ,ŋk,ŋɡ}
u o a øː eː y i → ʏɪ oi ai øi ei yː iː / _j
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicyje → øː → jø (?)
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnisheː øː oː → ie yø uo
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianeː øː oː ɤ(ː) → iːe yːø uːo ɨ(ː)
y ø → i e / else
46 Vowel Shifts46.4 Polder Dutch Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsøː → wi / {k,ɡ}_ (in Mid Northern dialects)
øː → i (in northern dialects)
øː → (j){u,ʌ} / _{k,x} (outcome varies depending upon dialect)
iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
46.10 Late Proto-Finnic to Savonian Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ie yø uo
ei oi øi → eː oe øe
æy øy → æː øː

to /ø/

68 matches

8 Altaic8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolica e i o u æ ø y → {a,i} {e,ja} {e,i} {ø,y,o} {o,u,y} {i,a,e} {e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ce
a e u æ ø y → {a,e} {e,i} {y,ø} {i,e} {i,e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ci
e → {y,ø} / P_Co
e → {y,ø} / C_Po
a e o i æ ø y → {a,i,e} {a,e} u {o,u} e {ø,y,o,u} {o,u} / _Co
a e {o,u} æ ø y → {a,o,u} {e,a} {o,u} {a,o,u} {e,i,u} {i,o,u,y,ø} / _Cu
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkica {e,i} o u æ ø y → {ɛ,a} ɛ {ø,o} {y,u} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} {y,ø} / _Ci
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchakew (→ øj) → yj
8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyz{u,ɯ}w {i,y}w aw {æ,e}w → uː yː oː øː
8.5.2 Proto-Turkic to Sakhao oɡ ø øɡ iɡ → wo ɥø oː øː iː
10 Austronesian10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerig— oCV[+ high] → øC
17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scots— iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsoː → ø
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germane(ː) i → ø(ː) y / _C[+ affricate]
e(ː) i → ø(ː) y / _{P,l,ʃ} (sporadic?)
e(ː) i → ø(ː) y / {P,l,ʃ}_ (sporadic?)
uː yː iː → ou øy ei, except in certain unstressed endings and monosyllables, _C{C,V,#} (“especially before /xt/”), and Low German borrowings
u y → o ø / _N (with some occasional exceptions)
17.7.2.4 High German Cosonant Shift and Umlauta u o → e y ø / _(C…){i(ː),j}
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norsea(i) {e,w{æ,i}} {we,ei} (w)ɪ → ey ø y ʏ / w_ ! hw_
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ y yː / _(C)(C)(C)j
a(ː) ae → o(ː) ɒø / #(C)(C)(C)_(C)(C)(C)u
{(j)u,we}ː {o,ɒ}ː aː au → yː øː æː æy
u {o,ɒ} a → y ø æ / _(C)(C)(C)i
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)i
{u,we,wi} {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)i
wa we wi → ɒː øː yː / #P_
au {ai,ey,ei} æ{y,i} øy Vː → o e æ ø V / #(C)(C)(C)_CC
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)j
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / #(C)(C)_ʀ
ʏ ɪ → ø e
woː wøː jæː Vː → wo wøje V[- long] / _%
uN yN iN VN → o øː eː Vː / _{s,f}
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicɒ ɒː → ø aː
u o a ø y e i → uː oː aː øi yː ei iː / _{ɲc,ɲɟ,ŋk,ŋɡ}
u o a øː eː y i → ʏɪ oi ai øi ei yː iː / _j
17.7.3.1.2 Old Norse to Orkney Nornu → ø / _l(ː)
uː → øː / _CC
o a → ø ɛ / _(C)(C)i
o → ø / _Cr
oː → øː / _(C)(C)#
joː → {u,o,ø} (looks like being in the ultima or the penult may have had something to do with it, but it isn’t clear to me)
a aː → ɛ øː / _r
œ → ø / _l
yː → ø / _j
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Nornuː → {u,o,ɒ,ø} (conditioning unclear; it seems the presence of a velar consonant may have helped to retain the quality of /u/)
ɒ → ø / _O[+ dental/alveolar]
{ɒ,ey} j{u,o,a}ː yː → o ø u / Ḱ_
j{u,o,a}ː → ø
yː → ø / _O[+ dental/alveolar]
ey → ø
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greek{eː,ej} ɛː ɑ(ː)j {oj,ɔːj} → iː eː ɛː {y,ø}
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.39 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Tananaə → {a,ɨ} (→ ø in the Northway dialect)
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicixi uxu → øː oː
UŋA eŋi → Oː øː
Uwi ewi → oː øː
yje → øː → jø (?)
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnisheː øː oː → ie yø uo
e → ø / #(C…)_y
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianeː øː oː ɤ(ː) → iːe yːø uːo ɨ(ː)
43 Uto-Aztecan43.2 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Hopio → ø
46 Vowel Shifts46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsiː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
46.10 Late Proto-Finnic to Savonian Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ie yø uo
ei oi øi → eː oe øe
æy øy → æː øː
46.13 Old Norse to Faroese Vowel Shift{œ,ɔ} → øː/œ “(except Suðuroy → ʏ)”

with context involving /ø/

5 matches

8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonicŋ → m / #_{æ,ø,y}
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusict → dʒ / #_{æ,ø,y}
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchak{d,ɡ} → j / ø_
17 Indo-European17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germanw → ∅ / {ou,øy,yː}_
42 Uralic42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnish∅ → ʋ / #_{yː,øː,oː}