Index Diachronica: involving /ɛ/

143 results from /ɛ/   230 results to /ɛ/   9 results with context involving /ɛ/   

plain ɛː ɛ̃ ɛ̃ː

from /ɛ/

143 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.19 Biblical Hebrew to Modern Israeli Hebrew{e(ː),ɛ} → ɛ
9 Austroasiatic9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnameseɛ → a / _C[+palatal]
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnameseə(ː) ɛ → ɨ ɛə / _K
ɛ → a / _C[+palatal]
10 Austronesian10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiput{i,ɛ} {u,ɔ} → iə̯ uə̯ / _{k,ŋ}# “(and also sporadically before final *t and *n and some other consonants)
17 Indo-European17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwian{ɛ,e}ː æː → iː aː
17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycian{ɛ,e}ː o æː → iː e aː
17.2.5 Common Anatolian to Palaicɛː → iː
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
ɛ o → i u / _N
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshɛː → ui
17.7.2.1.4 Midlands Middle English to Early Modern Englisha ɑ {ɛ,ɪ,ɤ} → ɑː ɔː ɜː / _ɹ{C,#}
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishɛə ʊə → ɛː ɔː (ongoing)
17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scots— ai → ɛi → əi / when stem-final
— ai oi ui ei au ou iu ɛ(o)u → eː oe əi iː {ɑː,ɔː} ʌu ju j(ʌ)u
— ɛː → ɛi (→ əi?) / in some northern varieties
— iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsɛ → ɜi → i / _{m,ɲ}
17.7.2.2.3 Modern Dutch to Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
17.7.2.2.4 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekɛː → eː
ɑu ɛu eu → ɑv ɛv ev
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greek{eː,ej} ɛː ɑ(ː)j {oj,ɔːj} → iː eː ɛː {y,ø}
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekɛː → eː
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishɛl → lɔ / T_T “in certain cases (mostly after a PSl. palato-alveolar”)
ɔl ɔr ɛl ɛr → lɔ rɔ lɛ rɛ / T_T
ɛ ɛ̃ ɛː → ɔ ɔ̃ a / _C[-palatalized +dental] (also sporadically before plain non-dentals)
ɛː → ɛ
ьr → i(ː)ʐ → {ɛ(ː)r,ɛ(ː)ʐ} → {ɛr,ɛʐ}
{ɛ̃,ɔ̃} → ã
a ɛ i ɔ u ɨ ã → aː ɛː iː ɔː uː ɨː ãː / _{C/U}[+voiced][lost yer] (i.e., a voiced consonant or a cluster with one)
ajɛ → ɛː in adjectives, aː in verbs
{aja,ɔja} {ɔjɛ,ɨjɛ} ɨjɛ → aː ɛː iː
{ɛ(ː)jɛ,ьjɛ,ɔjɛ,ujɛ,ɨjɛ} → ɛː
{aja,ɛja,ьja,ɔja} → aː
aː ɔː ɛː → ɒ o e
ɛ → ɔ / _ɫ (if the vowel was from a yer)
{ɛ,a} → ɔ (sporadic)
ɛ̃ → ɛ / _{#,l,ɫ}
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛ̃N ɔ̃N / _{S,A}
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛɰ̃ ɔɰ̃ / _F[-palatal]
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛj̃ ɔj̃ / _F[+palatal]
17.12.1.1.1 Classical Latin vs. Vulgar Latinɛ ɔ → e o / when unstressed
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanɛj ɔj → jɛj uei / i {u,ui} / stressed
ɛ → e / ! _{rː,l,rC[-labial],nr} or _ ? w#
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchɛ ɔ → iɛ uɛ / _{Cj,jC}
ɛ → ɛa / _l{C,#}
(ɛ)au → ɔ
ɛ → i / _C(C…)i#
uɛ → ɛu
ai iɛɪ → ɛ i
ou ɛu u uɛi → u œ y yi
ɛ̃ → ã
oi → wɛ → wa
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italianɛ → jɛ / unstressed ! _{dʒ,ʎ,ɲ}
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseɛ ɔ → e o / _(”u)#
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— å ɛ ɔ → a e o / _N (in Limousin and neighboring regions, the last two particularly in Limousin, Languedoc, and Gascon, though when _ɲ this change may have been blocked)
— ɛ ɔ → jɛ wɔ (intermittent, “least common in the southwest”)
— ɛ → jɛ / _{u,i,ʎ,rʲ,ʃ,ʒ,j,tʃ,dʒ} (except in some northern and western dialects, or if this u ← l or if this i ← ð)
17.12.1.1.7 Vulgar Latin to Rhaeto-Romanceɛ e → ej je
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romanianɛ → ie
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to SpanishRaising of e {ɛ,a} ɔ o → i e o u; near j, in particular environments:
— ɛ ɔ u → e o u / _(C)j
ɛ ɔ → je we
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianɛ → o / _$B
ɛ → ə / _$ɨ
17.13.1 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian A{a,ɛ}i əj → e i
{a,ɛ}u əw → o u
{ɔ,ɛ} → a
17.13.2 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian B{a,ɛ}u əw → au u
{a,ɛ}i əj → ai i
ɔ ɛ → o e
19 Kartvelian19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zanɛ ɑ → ɑ ɔ
20 Khoisan20.2.3 Proto-Kx’a to Southeastern !Xunɛ ɔ → i u
21 Lakes Plain21.1.1 Proto-Far West to Aweraiiɛ Vdiɛ → ijɛ βe
21.1.2 Proto-Far West to Saponiiiɛ Vdiɛ → dzɛ ɾɛ
21.1.3 Proto-Far West to Rasawaiiɛ Vdiɛ → ijɛ βie
21.2.1.1 Proto-Central Tariku to Edopiɛ → e
30 Niger-Congo30.1.2 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-Manenguba{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_a in noun roots
{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_(a) in verb roots
{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_$V in noun class prefixes
30.2.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic to Proto-Akanicɛ → ia / #(C)_
30.3.1.1.1 Proto-Gbe to Ajáɛ ɛ̃ → e ẽ
{o,ɔ} {ɛ,e} → u i / _i
30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fonoi ɔi ɔ̃i {a,ɛ}i {ɛ̃,ẽ}i ei → oe ɔɛ ɔ̃ɛ̃ ɛɛ ɛ̃ɛ̃ ee
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Genɛ ɛ̃ → e ẽ
30.3.1.1.7 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Vhe{ɛ,e} {~ɛ,ẽ} → ə ə̃
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.2 Proto-Chatino to Tataltepec Chatinoɛ → ı̃ / S_#
ɛ → i / n_#
ɛ → e / _ʔ#, in monosyllables
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàujʔ → uɛʔ (dialectally → uɔʔ?)
uɛn → ɛn / ʋ_
yeʔ → yɛʔ (→ {uɔʔ,yɔʔ} in southern speech?)
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotɛ̃(ː) → ã(ː) / w_
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.3 Proto-Tai to Central Taiɛi ei → ai iː
38.1.1.3.1 Central Tai to Lungchow{(i)ɛ,i̯ɛ} → eː
{ɛɨ,eɨ} → aɨ
ɛ i → eː iː / _u
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Tai{ɨ̯u,i̯ɛ} → ɨə̯~ɨa̯ / _%
ɛi ei → ai əi
38.1.1.4.2 North Tai to Po-Aiɛ iɛ → eː ı̆
{əi,ɛi,ei} → ai
{ɛi,ei} → ɨː
ɛ e i → eː a iː / _u
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taiɛi ei → ai iː
38.1.1.5.4 Southwest Tai to Siamese{(i)ɛ,i̯ɛ} → ɛː
{ɛɨ,eɨ} → ai
{o,ə} ɛ → a ɛː / _u
46 Vowel Shifts46.2 California Vowel Shift (English)ʊ ʌ ɛ → ʌ ɛ æ
46.3 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
46.4 Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsai → ɛi → əi / when stem-final
ai oi ui ei au ou iu ɛ(o)u → eː oe əi iː {ɑː,ɔː} ʌu ju j(ʌ)u
ɛː → ɛi (→ əi?) / in some northern varieties
iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
46.7 Great Vowel Shift (English)ɛː → eː → iː
aː ɔː → ɛː oː → eː ow → ej (əw)
46.8 Greek Vowel Shifteː ɛː → iː eː
ɛu au → ɛv av
46.12 Northern Cities Vowel Shift (English)ɛ → ɐ
46.18 South African Chain Shift (English)æ ɛ ɪ → ɛ e ɨ
46.19 Southern [United States] Shift (English)ɛ → ɪ / _N
æ ɛ ɪ → æj(ə) ɛj(ə) ɪj(ə)
ɛj(ə) ɪj(ə) i eɪ → ej(ə) ij(ə) ɪi ɛi

to /ɛ/

230 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabica → ɛ (sometimes)
6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrew— a → {a,ɛ} (not common)
— aj → ɛː / _#
6.2.2.1.19 Biblical Hebrew to Modern Israeli Hebrew{e(ː),ɛ} → ɛ
ə → ɛ / #R_C or when breaking up what would otherwise be a three-consonant cluster; in the case of two schwas, only the first one is dropped
8 Altaic8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkica e i u æ ø y → a {a,ʌ,e} {ɯ,i} {u,o} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} ɯ / _Ca
a {e,i} o u æ ø y → {ɛ,a} ɛ {ø,o} {y,u} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} {y,ø} / _Ci
e i æ ø y → {ɛ,a,ʌ} {ɯ,i} {e,a} {u,o} ɯ / _Cu
9 Austroasiatic9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnameseə(ː) ɛ → ɨ ɛə / _K
10 Austronesian10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputai au → ɛː ɔː / _…#
i u → ɛ ɔ / _C# ! _P (sporadic)
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lóngha → ɛ / {t,n}_#
ai̯ au̯ → ɛ ɔ
i u → ɛ ɔ / _CV[+open-mid](C)#
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerig— eCV[+ mid] → ɛC
— aCV[+ high] → {ɛ,œ}C
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlapo e i → ɔ ɛ ɪ / C_V[- high]
u a → ʊ ɛ / _CV[+ high]
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagaau ai → ɔ ɛ
a → {ɛ,e} “in some words”
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’ae(C)V[+ low] → ɛCɛ
a(C)i a(C)u → {a,ɛ}(C) {ɔ,a,ɛ}(C)
oa {ae,ea} → uɔ iɛ
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.3.1 Standard Tamil to Colloquial Tamilaː eː iː oː uː → a ɛ i o u / _#
{om,on} {em,en} {oːm,oːn} {eːm,eːn} → ɔ̃ ɛ̃ õ ẽ
17 Indo-European17.2 Proto-Indo-European to Common Anatolianei eu → ɛː uː
17.2.1 Common Anatolian to Hittiteaj aw → ɛː uː / !_{s,n,r,l}
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
e → ɛ
ej ia → e ɛa
e oj ɛa → i u ɛ / when unstressed
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshai → ɛ
17.7.1 Common Germanic to Gothic— i → ɛ / _{r,h,ʍ}
oːw æːj → ɔː ɛː / _V
17.7.2.1.2 Old English to Kentish Middle Englisheɑ eːɑ eo eːo → ɑ ɛː e eː
ɑ e o → ɑː ɛː oː / in U[+open] ! in #U with the following U containing /iː/ or ending in one of /m n r l/
17.7.2.1.3 Old English to Midlands Middle Englisheɑ eːɑ eo eːo → ɑ ɛː e eː
ɑ e o → ɑː ɛː oː / in U[+open] ! in #U with the following U containing /iː/ or ending in one of /m n r l/
17.7.2.1.5 Early Modern English to American Englishi u e → ɪ ʊ ɛ / _ɹ
æ → ɛ / _ɹ
æ → ɛə / _{n,m} “and others depending on dialect”
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishɜːɹ ɑːɹ ɔːɹ eːɹ oːɹ iːɹ uːɹ → ɜː ɑː ɔː ɛə ɔə ɪə ʊə / syllable-finally
ɛə ʊə → ɛː ɔː (ongoing)
17.7.2.1.7 Early Modern English to British Englishɜːɹ ɑːɹ ɔːɹ eːɹ oːɹ iːɹ uːɹ → ɜː ɑː ɔː ɛə ɔə ɪə ʊə / syllable-finally
17.7.2.1.8 Old English to Northern Middle Englisheɑ eːɑ eo eːo → ɑ ɛː e eː
ɑ e o → ɑː ɛː oː / in U[+open] ! in #U with the following U containing /iː/ or ending in one of /m n r l/
17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scots— ai → ɛi → əi / when stem-final
— a → {ɛ,e} / _rC
— ɛː → ɛi (→ əi?) / in some northern varieties
— æ → ɛ / _C[+alveolar]
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsæː → ɛː
æː(ɑ) eː(o) → ɛ iː
e → ɛ / _nt
e(o) → ɛ
e → ɛ / “unstressed”
17.7.2.1.12 Old English to Southern Middle Englisheɑ eːɑ eo eːo → ɑ ɛː e eː
ɑ e o → ɑː ɛː oː / in U[+open] ! in #U with the following U containing /iː/ or ending in one of /m n r l/
17.7.2.1.13 Middle English to Yola∅ → ɛ / uː_d
17.7.2.2 West Germanic to Old Low Franconiana → ɛ / _(C…){i(ː),j} (conjectured based on date from the “Germanic umlaut” article)
17.7.2.2.2 Middle Dutch to Modern Dutchiː yː → ɛi œy
17.7.2.2.3 Modern Dutch to Polder Dutch Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
17.7.2.2.4 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
17.7.3.1.2 Old Norse to Orkney Nornu a e eː → ʌ ɑ ɪ ɛ / _Cː
o a → ø ɛ / _(C)(C)i
ɒ → {ɛ,e} / _CːV (V can be a syllabic consonant)
a aː → ɛ øː / _r
æ → ɛː
œ → ɛː / _CC
e iː → ɛ i(ː)
ey → ɛ / _r
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Nornɒ → ɛ / _Cː
e eː → {æ,ɛ,e} {(j)ɛ,je}
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekæː → ɛː (includes diphthongs)
ɑj → ɛː
e o → ɛ ɔ
ɑu ɛu eu → ɑv ɛv ev
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greek{eː,ej} ɛː ɑ(ː)j {oj,ɔːj} → iː eː ɛː {y,ø}
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekæː → ɛː
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekæː → ɛː
ɑj → ɛː
e o → ɛ ɔ
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishɔl ɔr ɛl ɛr → lɔ rɔ lɛ rɛ / T_T
ɛː → ɛ
ъl → ɛɫ / K_
ьl → ɛɫ / P_C[+dental -palatalized]
ьr → i(ː)ʐ → {ɛ(ː)r,ɛ(ː)ʐ} → {ɛr,ɛʐ}
a ɛ i ɔ u ɨ ã → aː ɛː iː ɔː uː ɨː ãː / _{C/U}[+voiced][lost yer] (i.e., a voiced consonant or a cluster with one)
ajɛ → ɛː in adjectives, aː in verbs
{aja,ɔja} {ɔjɛ,ɨjɛ} ɨjɛ → aː ɛː iː
{ɛ(ː)jɛ,ьjɛ,ɔjɛ,ujɛ,ɨjɛ} → ɛː
ã → ɛ̃ / short only
{i,ɨ} → ɛ / _C[+rhotic]
V → ɛ (sporadic, analogical)
ɒ e → a ɛ
ɛ̃ → ɛ / _{#,l,ɫ}
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛ̃N ɔ̃N / _{S,A}
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛɰ̃ ɔɰ̃ / _F[-palatal]
ɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛj̃ ɔj̃ / _F[+palatal]
17.12.1.1.1 Classical Latin vs. Vulgar Latin{e,ai} → ɛ
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalan{i,eː} e → {e,ɛ} {ɛ,e} / stressed
oe → {e,ɛ}
e → ɛ / _v
ɛj ɔj → jɛj uei / i {u,ui} / stressed
e → ɛ (in Eastern Catalan)
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchè → iɛ / in U[+open]
è → iɛ / _C#
è → ɛ / in U[+closed]
ò → uo → uɛ / in U[+open] ! _N
ɛ ɔ → iɛ uɛ / _{Cj,jC}
ɛ → ɛa / _l{C,#}
é → ɛi / in U[+open]
é → ɛ / in U[+closed]
ó → ou → ɛu / in U[+open]
e → ɛ / #(C…)_(%…)” in U[+closed] or _V (?)
a → ɛ / in U[+open] “(but a following ʎ creates a [closed] syllable)”
uɛ → ɛu
ai iɛɪ → ɛ i
{aı̃,eı̃} → ɛ̃
oi → wɛ → wa
oı̃ → wɛ̃
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italianɛ → jɛ / unstressed ! _{dʒ,ʎ,ɲ}
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseiː {i,eː} e → i e ɛ / stressed
ae → ɛ / stressed
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— ɛ ɔ → jɛ wɔ (intermittent, “least common in the southwest”)
— ɛ → jɛ / _{u,i,ʎ,rʲ,ʃ,ʒ,j,tʃ,dʒ} (except in some northern and western dialects, or if this u ← l or if this i ← ð)
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romanian— (a)e → ɛ
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-TocharianR Hn̩ → ɛR ɨn / #_C
H → ɛ / _R, when R = syllabic
h3e o → o ɛ
(h1)e (h1)eː → jə jɛː / #_
Ce Ceː → Cʲə Cʲɛ
ow aw ew → ɛu au əw
oy ay ey → ɛi ai əj
21 Lakes Plain21.1 Proto-Lakes Plain to Proto-Far Weste o → ɛ ɔ (?)
21.1.1 Proto-Far West to Aweraiiɛ Vdiɛ → ijɛ βe
21.1.2 Proto-Far West to Saponiiiɛ Vdiɛ → dzɛ ɾɛ
21.1.3 Proto-Far West to Rasawaiiɛ Vdiɛ → ijɛ βie
21.2.1 Proto-Tariku to Proto-Central Tarikue o → ɛ ɔ
21.2.2 Proto-Tariku to Proto-East Tarikue → ɛ
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Hareɑ ə ʊ → a ɛ o
30 Niger-Congo30.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic-Bantu to Proto-Bantuɪ̃ → ɛ̃ / #(C)V_C
30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fonoi ɔi ɔ̃i {a,ɛ}i {ɛ̃,ẽ}i ei → oe ɔɛ ɔ̃ɛ̃ ɛɛ ɛ̃ɛ̃ ee
ãi → ɛ̃ɛ̃
30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándoə ə̃ → ɛ ɛ̃
30.3.1.1.12 Proto-Vhe to Pecı́ə ə̃ → ɛ ɛ̃
35 Salishan35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack Halkomelemu3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → ɛ3
35.1.3 Proto-Central Salish to Cowichan Halkomelema3 u3 {a1,u1} i1 → ɛ3 a3 ə1 {i11}
35.1.4 Proto-Central Salish to Musqueam Halkomelemu3 {u1,a1} a3 i1 → a3 ə1 ɛ3 {i11}
{a33} → {ɛ33}
{a3~i3} → {a33}
{a1~i1} → {ə11}
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuà{long-tail vowel thingʔ,əʔ} → ɛʔ
uʔ → oʔ (occasionally → uɛʔ?)
uj → u(ɛ)i / m_
uj → uɛi / {P,C[+guttural],∅}_
ujʔ → uɛʔ (dialectally → uɔʔ?)
un → uɛn / ! {C[+dental],C[+sibilant]}_
uɛn → ɛn / ʋ_
yʔ → yɛʔ / {l,C[+dental +sibilant]}_ in “QYS -juət-type” finals, dialectally?
yʔ → yʔ(~yɛʔ?) / {∅,C[+guttural]}, in -juət-types
je jeʔ yeʔ → ɛ ɛʔ uɛʔ / C̣_
je jeʔ → iɛ iɛʔ
yeʔ → yɛʔ (→ {uɔʔ,yɔʔ} in southern speech?)
ye jej → yɛ i
{jem,jen} → iɛn / sometimes after C̣_ (but ! ʐ_) (only in one variety?)
yen → uɛn / C̣_
yen → yɛn
{jam,jan} → iɛn
əjʔ əw {əm,ən} → eʔ ɛu ɛn
əjŋ → ɛn (varies with ɛn?)
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Toat → {at,ɛ,ed}
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Moe → iɛ
i → iɛ / _s
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naout u{k,n} ur → ud uo uɛ
a(t) → ɛ / _#
ap → ɛk
an → ɿɛ
i i{t,k} → {ə,iɛ} ə
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotẽ(ː) õ(ː) o(ː) → ɛ̃(ː) ɔ̃(ː) u(ː)
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Senecaẽ(ː) õ(ː) → ɛ̃(ː) ɔ̃(ː)
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscarorae(ː) → ɛ(ː)
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.4.2 North Tai to Po-Aie → ɛ / _C%
38.1.1.5.4 Southwest Tai to Siamese{(i)ɛ,i̯ɛ} → ɛː
{o,ə} ɛ → a ɛː / _u
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basquea o e → ɛ u i / {i,u}(C…)_ (this [ɛ] is tentatively marked as such; Egurtzegi transcribes it as /e/ but says it’s not as close as /e/)
46 Vowel Shifts46.2 California Vowel Shift (English){æ,e} → ɛ / _ɹ
ʊ ʌ ɛ → ʌ ɛ æ
46.3 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
46.4 Polder Dutch Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsai → ɛi → əi / when stem-final
a → {ɛ,e} / _rC
ɛː → ɛi (→ əi?) / in some northern varieties
æ → ɛ / _C[+alveolar]
46.7 Great Vowel Shift (English)aː ɔː → ɛː oː → eː ow → ej (əw)
46.8 Greek Vowel Shiftai ɔi → ɛ yː
ɛu au → ɛv av
46.13 Old Norse to Faroese Vowel Shift{a,æː} → ɛa / a
eː → ɛa “(except Suðuroy → eː)” / a “(except Suðuroy → ɛ)”
oː → {ɔu,ɛu,œu} / œ “(except Suðuroy → ɔ)”
46.16 Development of Proto-Lolo-Burmese -i(C)# and -u(C)# to Lahu-i -i{p,k} -it -i{m,ŋ} -in → -i -ɨʔ -iʔ -ɛ -ɨ
-u -up -ut -uk -um -un -uŋ → -u -ɔʔ -əʔ -uʔ -ɔ -ə -ɛ
46.18 South African Chain Shift (English)æ ɛ ɪ → ɛ e ɨ
46.19 Southern [United States] Shift (English)æ ɛ ɪ → æj(ə) ɛj(ə) ɪj(ə)
ɛj(ə) ɪj(ə) i eɪ → ej(ə) ij(ə) ɪi ɛi

with context involving /ɛ/

9 matches

10 Austronesian10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lóngh{p,t} n → c̚ ɲ / {i,ɛ}_#
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to MwotlapV[- high] → ∅ / {ɔ,ɛ,ɪ}C_
17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.11 Scots to Falkirk Scotsʟ → ʊ / {a,ɛ}_, typically ! _V
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekɡ x → j ç / _{ɛ,i}
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishk ɡ → kʲ ɡʲ / _ɛ where the vowel is from a yer or a borrowing
j → ∅ / _ɛ “in participial and deverbal forms originally with alveolopalatal consonants in the onsets of two consecutive syllables”
n → s → ɕ / k_ɛ̃ where the vowel was from Proto-Slavic
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanu → w / ”ɛ_#
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishk ɡ → tʃ dʒ → ts dz / _{j,i,e,ɛ}