Index Diachronica: involving /ɲ/

65 results from /ɲ/   88 results to /ɲ/   13 results with context involving /ɲ/   

plain ɲː ɲ̊ ʼɲ

from /ɲ/

65 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.3 North Omotic to Kafaɲ → n
6.1.1.4 North Omotic to Maaleɲ → n
6.1.1.6 North Omotic to Wolayttaɲ → n
6.1.1.7 North Omotic to Yemsaɲ → n
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullaɲ → n
6.2.2.1.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Boreafrasian{ɲ,ŋw} → n
9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khen{n̥j,nj,ɲ̊j,ɲj} → ɲ j
9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamese{n̥j,nj,ɲ̊j,ɲj} → ɲ (Thompson appears to me to have hedged a bit on the last one; based on other evidence in the paper I’m sticking this one as a palatal nasal)
c ɲ → t n / ! E_ (apparently the precursor to Vietnamese short *a was treated as a short vowel here)
9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnameseml → mɲ → ɲ (Thompson seems to indicate that this may have become [l] as well; only seems to have occurred with second-register tones)
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnamesec ɲ t n → t n k ŋ / a_ (short /a/ only)
c ɲ → t n / {i,e}_
{c,ɲ} → ∅ / else
10 Austronesian10.1.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Philippineɲ → n
10.1.2.7 Proto-Philippine to Proto-Kalamian*R ɲ → l n
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batak{ts,ʈ} {ɟʝ͡,ɖ} {lʲ,ɲ} {ʔ,x,s,h} ʀ → t d n ∅ r (velar fricative is conjectured; changes → d “unsure”)
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauanɲ → n (except possibly to n when #_)
10.3.2 Proto-Oceanic to Hiwɲ → n
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerig{c,*j} ɲ → s n
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlapmʷ ɲ → ŋmʷ n
10.3.5 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-New Caledonia{l,ɲ} → n
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayɲ c *j → n s z
10.3.8 Proto-Oceanic to Tolomakoɲ c *j → n s z
10.3.9.1 Proto-Utupua to Asuboac ɲ → ∅ {ɲ,j}
10.3.9.2 Proto-Utupua to Nebaoc ɲ → ∅ n
10.3.9.3 Proto-Utupua to Tanibilid c ɲ → ɟ {s,∅} n
10.3.11 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Southern Vanuatuɲ → j
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’a{c,*j} ɲ → s n
10.4.1 Proto-Micronesian to Marshallesem ɲ → mʲ nʲ
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Ongan{m,ɲ} n → {ɲ,∅} {ŋ,∅} / _# (first change marked “in progress?”)
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.2 Proto-Elamo-Dravidian to Achaemanid Elamiteɲc → ns / V_V
17 Indo-European17.10.1.1 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Central Middle Indo-Aryandʒɲ → ɳː / V_V
17.10.1.2 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Eastern Middle Indo-Aryandʒɲ → ɲː / V_V
17.10.1.3 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Northwestern Middle Indo-Aryandʒɲ → ɳː / V_V
17.10.1.4 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Western Middle Indo-Aryandʒɲ → ɳː / V_V
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French— m{ɲ,j} → ndʒ
ɲ → in / _{C,#}
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalɡn{d,t} → ŋn{d,t} → ɲ{d,t} → {(i)nd,ɲd,ndʒ} or t(ʃ)
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.2.2 Proto-Ofaié-Jê to Ofaié-XavanteɲV → jṼ
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.3 Proto-Athabaskan to Beaver{n,ɲ} → d / $_V[-nas] (→ dʒ in the British Columbian dialect)
29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’anɲ → ŋ
29.1.1.1.10 Proto-Athabaskan to Easter Gwich’in{n,ɲ} → ⁿdʒ / _E[-nas]
{n,ɲ} → ⁿd / _V[-nas]
29.1.1.1.37 Proto-Athabaskan to TanacrossVɲ → V[+nas]
{n,ɲ} → ⁿd
29.1.1.1.39 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper TananaVɲ → V[+nas]
{n,ɲ} → ⁿd
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswana{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n} → s tsʰ ts ɲ / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ntʃ,nk,r} {ɲdʒ,nɡ} mp mb p b {d,l} m n → s tsʰ ts tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) dʒ ŋw ɲ / _{ɪ,e}V
{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n,ɲ} → sw tsʰw tsw ɲw / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ɲtʃ,nk} {ndʒ,nɡ} → s tsʰ ts / _{i,ɪ,e}
mp nt ɲtʃ nk mp nd ɲdʒ nɡ → pʰ tʰ tɬʰ qʰ p t tɬ k
p t tʃ k {dʒ,ɡ} ɲ → h r tɬʰ χ ∅ n
30.1.1.3.2 Proto-Sam to Bajuni{ndj,nz} ɲz → n̪d̪ n̪ ð
30.1.1.3.3 Proto-Sam to Mwiiniɲ → {ɲ,n̪}
30.1.2 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-Manenguba’m m ’n n {’ɲ,ɲ} ŋ → m {ᵐb,m} n {ⁿd,n} ɲ {ᵑɡ,ŋ} / in C2 position
31 Nyulnyulan31.1 Proto-Nyulnyulan to Bardiɲ → ∅ / _#
34 Quechumaran34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarásɲ → n
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambaɲ → n / ! h_i
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenaɲ → n / _i
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.2 Proto-Tai to Saekɲ̊ → j
38.1.1.3.1 Central Tai to Lungchowɲ → j
38.1.1.5.2 Southwest Tai to Lüɲ → j
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqueʎ ɲ → jl jn (“common in Low Navarrese, Labourdin, and is even regular in the High Navarrese of Sakana”)
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.3 Proto-Pai to Tipaiɲj → n ∅ / ʔ_

to /ɲ/

88 matches

9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khen{n̥j,nj,ɲ̊j,ɲj} → ɲ j
9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamese{n̥j,nj,ɲ̊j,ɲj} → ɲ (Thompson appears to me to have hedged a bit on the last one; based on other evidence in the paper I’m sticking this one as a palatal nasal)
9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnameseml → mɲ → ɲ (Thompson seems to indicate that this may have become [l] as well; only seems to have occurred with second-register tones)
10 Austronesian10.2.3.1 Proto-Malayic to (Standard) Malayn → ɲ / “in the environment of i (sporadic)”
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lóngh{p,t} n → c̚ ɲ / {i,ɛ}_#
m → ɲ / i_#
10.2.6.3 Proto-Malayic to Minangkabaun → ɲ / “in the environment of i
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-Fwain n̥ → ɲ ɲ̊ / _E
10.3.9.1 Proto-Utupua to Asuboac ɲ → ∅ {ɲ,j}
10.3.11.1 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Anejom{n,ŋ} → ɲ / _E
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Ongan{m,ɲ} n → {ɲ,∅} {ŋ,∅} / _# (first change marked “in progress?”)
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.3.1 Standard Tamil to Colloquial Tamiltː nt → cː ɲc / {i,j}_
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albaniann → ɲ (sometimes?)
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albaniann → ɲ (sometimes?)
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old NorseN(ː) k k(ː) N(ː)ɡ ɡ(ː) ɣ → ɲc(ː) c(ː) ɲɟ(ː) ɟ(ː) ʝ / _{i,j}
N(ː) k k(ː) N(ː)ɡ ɡ(ː) ɣ → ɲc(ː) c(ː) ɲɟ(ː) ɟ(ː) ɟ / _{i,j}
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Nornnd ld (→ nː lː ?) → ɲ ʎ
n l → ɲ ʎ / _C
nː → ɲ(d)
rn {lː,rl} → ɲ ʎ
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryann → ɲ / ɟ_
17.10.1.2 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Eastern Middle Indo-Aryandʒɲ → ɲː / V_V
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanndj → ɲ
mn → nː → ɲ
ŋ → ɲ / _{i,e}
ɡn tj → ɲ ∅ / V_V
sj ssj jn → js jʃ ɲ / V_V
mnj → {mni,ɲ} / V_V
lː nː → ʎ ɲ
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French{ɡn,nj} → ɲ
nk → ɲ / _t
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italian{dj,ɡj} lj {nj,ɡn} → dʒ ʎ ɲ
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseı̃ → iɲ
nɡi → ɲ
ks ɡn tj → ʃ ɲ {z,s} / V_V (tj → s is learned)
ndj → nts → ns → ɲ / V_V
sːj (m)nj lj rj → jʃ ɲʎ jr / V_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençallː{j,Vdʒ} lnj → ʎ ɲ
nj → ɲ
mnj → ɲ (Limousin, as well as extreme eastern and southwest dialects)
mj → {mj,ɲ}
{ndj,ndʒj} ndʒ → ɲ {ɲ,ndʒ}
ndt ndtʃ ntʃ nkt nf → n{d,t} {nts,ndz(→ nz),ndʒ} n(t)s {ɲ,(i)nt,ntʃ} {nf,fː(→ f)}
ɡn{d,t} → ŋn{d,t} → ɲ{d,t} → {(i)nd,ɲd,ndʒ} or t(ʃ)
ɡn → ŋn → ɲ
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish{jl,lj} {jn,nj} {jɡ,ɡj} → ʎ ɲ ʝː
nː lː ɾɾ → ɲ ʎ r
— mn → ɲ (sometimes)
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianp {ts,k(ʷ)} m n l r y → pj sʲ ʂ mj ɲ lj rj wj / _{E(:),y}
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.3.1 Proto-Tuparí to Makurápj ŋʷ m n → ɲ m {m,p} {∅,t} / _V[+nas]
18.4.8 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Sirionój → {ɲ,tʃ} / else
20 Khoisan20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetiǂ ǂ̃n ǂˀ → c ɲ ʔj
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixaǂ̃n ǂxʼ → ɲ ǂˀ
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.2 Proto-Tacanan to Chaman → ɲ / i_{o,a} (the former is conjectured)
26 Mande26.1 Proto-Mande to Boboŋ → ɲ
26.2 Proto-Mande to Busaŋ → ɲ
26.3 Proto-Mande to Danŋ → ɲ
26.4 Proto-Mande to Guroŋ → ɲ
26.5 Proto-Mande to Kono-Vaiŋ → ɲ
26.6 Proto-Mande to Southwest Mandeŋ → ɲ
26.7 Proto-Mande to Mandekanŋ → ɲ
26.8 Proto-Mande to Manoŋ → ɲ
26.9 Proto-Mande to Mwaŋ → ɲ
26.10 Proto-Mande to Sanŋ → ɲ
26.11 Proto-Mande to Semblaŋ → ɲ
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswana{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n} → s tsʰ ts ɲ / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ntʃ,nk,r} {ɲdʒ,nɡ} mp mb p b {d,l} m n → s tsʰ ts tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) dʒ ŋw ɲ / _{ɪ,e}V
{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n,ɲ} → sw tsʰw tsw ɲw / _iV
30.1.1.3.3 Proto-Sam to Mwiiniɲ → {ɲ,n̪}
30.1.1.3.5 Proto-Sam to Proto-Aweeranz z c → ɲd̪ ʃ
30.1.2 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-Manenguba’m m ’n n {’ɲ,ɲ} ŋ → m {ᵐb,m} n {ⁿd,n} ɲ {ᵑɡ,ŋ} / in C2 position
30.2.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic to Proto-Akanich → ɲı̃ / #_ã
30.3.1.1.1 Proto-Gbe to Ajáj → ɲ / _V[+ nas]
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Genj → ɲ / _V[+ nas]
30.3.1.1.7 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Vhej → ɲ / _V[+ nas]
32 Oto-Manguean32.2 Proto-Oto-Manguean to Tlapanecn → {n,ɲ} (the latter “under obscure conditions”)
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to GuānhuàThere seems to ahve been some stuff going on with palatalized [ŋ] → {ɲ,n} but it seems highly dialectal and I’m not entirely sure just what exactly was going on here
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan Larnj → rɲ ?
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Monj → ɲ / #(r)_
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku NaoNnj → mɲ
nj rnj → nj rɲ
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaNnj → mɲ ?
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotw j → m ɲ / between two vowels of unlike nasality
43 Uto-Aztecan43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhamn → ɲ / _V[+high]
l → ɲ / #_ “(in doubt; initial *l occurs in too few cognates to be sure. Apparently PUA initial *l was rare and is of questionable certainty whether it existed at all.)”
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basquen → ɲ / {i,ɪ}_V
Ṽ → Vɲ / _V (not Souletin)
l n →ʎ ɲ / E_

with context involving /ɲ/

13 matches

17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsɛ → ɜi → i / _{m,ɲ}
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicu o a ø y e i → uː oː aː øi yː ei iː / _{ɲc,ɲɟ,ŋk,ŋɡ}
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishd → ∅ / ɫ_ɲ
rʲ → r / _{s,t͜s,l,w,n,ɲ}
tʲ dʲ → t d / _{l,n,ɲ,r,ʐ}
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalano → u / _{ɲ,nk,ŋ} when stressed
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French∅ → d / {n,l,ɲ,z_r
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseo → u / _ɲ when stressed
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— o → y / _ɲ (in northern and western dialects)
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog RtseN → m / _{ŋ,ɲ}
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqued ð → ɟ ʝ / {ʎ,ɲ}_ (Guipuscoan, High Navarrese)
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.1 Proto-Pai to Chapaiʔ → ∅ / _{ɲ,j}
45.1.2 Proto-Pai to Paipaiʔ → ∅ / _ɲ