Index Diachronica: involving /ʊ/

51 results from /ʊ/   33 results to /ʊ/   1 result with context involving /ʊ/   

plain ʊ́ ʊ̄ ʊ̈ ʊ̯

from /ʊ/

51 matches

17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.4 Midlands Middle English to Early Modern Englishʊ → ɤ ! P_ and _l
ɑʊ → ɑː / _P
ɑʊ → ɑː / _N (sometimes)
ɑʊ → ɔː / else
əɪ əʊ → ɑi æʊ / “in some parts of South-Eastern England”
əɪ əʊ → aɪ aʊ / “in most of Britain”
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishoʊ iː → ɔʊ ɪə / _ɫ
oʊ iː → əʊ ɪi / else
uː → ʊə → uː / _ɫ ! in Queensland and New South Wales
uː → ʊʉ → ʉː / else
ɛə ʊə → ɛː ɔː (ongoing)
ʊə → oː / ! {j,dʒ}_
ʊə → ʉːwə / “almost always otherwise, but see [above vowel changes after /ɫ/ is formed]”
17.7.2.1.7 Early Modern English to British Englishoʊ → əʊ
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsu → ʊ → ɵ → ʌ
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norseɪʊ → yː
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— ʊ → o (this change seems to have happened later, hence is listed separately)
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan to Ahtnaɑ ə ʊ → a e o
29.1.1.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan to Babineu ɑ ʊ → {o,u} ə u
29.1.1.1.5 Proto-Athabaskan to Chipewyanɑ ʊ → a o
29.1.1.1.6 Proto-Athabaskan to Dakelhu {ɑ,ʊ} → {o,u} ə
29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’ane u a {ɑ,ʊ} → a i u ə
29.1.1.1.8 Proto-Athabaskan to Dena’inae a u {ə,ʊ} → a u i ə
29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribɑ ə ʊ u → a e o i
29.1.1.1.10 Proto-Athabaskan to Easter Gwich’ina u {ɑ,ə} ʊ → {i,e} ju a o
29.1.1.1.11 Proto-Athabaskan to Hana ɑ ə ʊ → æ a {ə,ë} o
29.1.1.1.12 Proto-Athabaskan to Holikachuki e a u {ɑ,ʊ} → e a ɔ o ŭ
29.1.1.1.14 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower Koyukone a ɑ ʊ → a o ŏ ŭ
29.1.1.1.15 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Koyukone a ɑ ʊ → a o ŏ ŭ
29.1.1.1.16 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Kuskokwim Kolchane a {ɑ,ʊ} → a o ŭ
29.1.1.1.17 Proto-Athabaskan to Sarceeɑ́ ə́ ʊ́ → ɑ̄ ə̄ ʊ̄
{e,ə} ʊ → ɑ u
29.1.1.1.18 Proto-Athabaskan to Sekaniʊ → o
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Hareɑ ə ʊ → a ɛ o
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Hareɑ ə ʊ → a e o
29.1.1.1.32 Proto-Athabaskan to Slavey Slavey-Hareɑ ə ʊ → a e o
29.1.1.1.33 Proto-Athabaskan to Tahltan-Kaska-Tagishɑ ə ʊ → a {i,e} u
29.1.1.1.37 Proto-Athabaskan to Tanacrossɑ ə ʊ → {æ̆,ă} æ̆ ŏ
29.1.1.1.38 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower Tananae a {ɑ,ʊ} → æ ɔ ŭ
29.1.1.1.39 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Tanana{a,ɑ} e i u ʊ → e(a) {i,ea} ju {a,ɨ} o
29.1.1.1.40 Proto-Athabaskan to Tsetsautʊ → o
29.1.1.1.41 Proto-Athabaskan to Northern Tutchone{ɑ,ə,ʊ} → {a,o}
29.1.1.1.42 Proto-Athabaskan to Southern Tutchone{ɑ,ə,ʊ} → {a,o}
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqueaʊ → aɪ / !_{ɾ,r,s̺,s̻} (Souletin, Roncalese)
eʊ → {e,eɡu}
ʊa → o “especially after a velar stop”
ʊe → e
46 Vowel Shifts46.1 7-to-5 Vowel Merger (Bantu)ɪ ʊ → i u
46.2 California Vowel Shift (English)ʊ ʌ ɛ → ʌ ɛ æ
oʊ̯ → eʊ̯ (“common only within certain social groups”)
46.19 Southern [United States] Shift (English)uʊ oʊ → ʉʊ̈ əʊ̈ (a bit of a guesstimate based upon the prose description in the article and the mean-formant-value chart cited from Labov, Ash & Bobert (2006))

to /ʊ/

33 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.14 Classical Arabic to Moroccan Arabicu → ʊ / short only
10 Austronesian10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerigo e → ʊ ɪ
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlapu a → ʊ ɛ / _CV[+ high]
o e → ʊ ɪ
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’auCV[- high] → uCʊ
o e → ʊ ɪ
17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.4 Midlands Middle English to Early Modern Englishəɪ əʊ → ɑi æʊ / “in some parts of South-Eastern England”
əɪ əʊ → aɪ aʊ / “in most of Britain”
eː oː → eɪ oʊ / ! _ɹ
17.7.2.1.5 Early Modern English to American Englishi u e → ɪ ʊ ɛ / _ɹ
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishɜːɹ ɑːɹ ɔːɹ eːɹ oːɹ iːɹ uːɹ → ɜː ɑː ɔː ɛə ɔə ɪə ʊə / syllable-finally
oʊ iː → ɔʊ ɪə / _ɫ
oʊ iː → əʊ ɪi / else
uː → ʊə → uː / _ɫ ! in Queensland and New South Wales
uː → ʊʉ → ʉː / else
17.7.2.1.7 Early Modern English to British Englishɜːɹ ɑːɹ ɔːɹ eːɹ oːɹ iːɹ uːɹ → ɜː ɑː ɔː ɛə ɔə ɪə ʊə / syllable-finally
oʊ → əʊ
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsu → ʊ → ɵ → ʌ
17.7.2.1.11 Scots to Falkirk Scotsʟ → ʊ / {a,ɛ}_, typically ! _V
17.7.2.2 West Germanic to Old Low Franconianuː → ʊw / _V (probably, in areas that did not undergo the above change, such as Limburg)
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.17 Proto-Athabaskan to Sarceeɑ́ ə́ ʊ́ → ɑ̄ ə̄ ʊ̄
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàyʔ → oʔ (eventually → {ʊʔ,(i)uʔ?) / {l,C[+dental +sibilant]}_, in “QYS -k-types”
yʔ → ioʔ (→ iʊʔ dialectally?) / {∅,C[+guttural]}_, in -k-types
yʔ → oʔ (→ ʊʔ?) / C̣_, in -k-types
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Seneca— a e o → ə ɪ ʊ / C_{C,i[-long]}
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.3.5 Central Tai to T’ien-Paoi iː u → ə ei oʊ̯
38.1.1.4.3 North Tai to Wu-Mingu → aʊ̯
42 Uralic42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianwo → ʊ / P_
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basquehu hi → ʊ ɪ / {o,e}_ (also happened with /a/ sometimes, but usually such sequences just dropped one vowel)
46 Vowel Shifts46.2 California Vowel Shift (English)u → {iʊ̯,ʉ,ɯ}
oʊ̯ → eʊ̯ (“common only within certain social groups”)
46.13 Old Norse to Faroese Vowel Shift{iː,yː} → ʊi / ʊ(i)
46.19 Southern [United States] Shift (English)uʊ oʊ → ʉʊ̈ əʊ̈ (a bit of a guesstimate based upon the prose description in the article and the mean-formant-value chart cited from Labov, Ash & Bobert (2006))

with context involving /ʊ/

1 match

30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswanamp mb p b m → tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) ŋw / _{ʊ,o}V