Index Diachronica: involving /χ/

34 results from /χ/   42 results to /χ/   

q͡χ plain χʲ χʲʷ χʷ χʷʲ χʷʼ χʼ χˤ χˤʲ χˤʷ

from /χ/

34 matches

10 Austronesian10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauanq → χ (→ ʕ)
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgiχ(ʲ) ʁ(ʲ) → ħ ʕ
χʷ ʁʷ → ħʷ ʕʷ
χʷʲ ʁʷʲ → ħ(ʷ) ʕ(ʷ)
χˤʲ ʁˤʲ → ħ ʕ
qˤʷ qˤʷː qˤʷʼ χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → ħʷ ʕʷ qʷ(ʼ) ħʷ (ħʷ?)
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassianqʲʷː qʲʷ ɢʲʷ,ʁʲʷ} χʲʷ → qʷː ʔʷ ʁʷ χʷ
{qˤː,qˤʼ} χˤ ʁˤ → qː χ ʁ
{qˤʲ,χˤʲ} qˤʲ ʁˤʲ {qˤʲː qˤʲʼ} → ħ ʔ j
{qˤʷː,qˤʷʼ} χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → qʷː χʷ ʁʷ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adyghexʷ χʲ → f~ɸ? ħ
12.2.1.1 Adyghe to Abadzekh Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷ ʃː tʃː tɕː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ ɕ tɕ tʃ kʷ qː qʷ
12.2.1.2 Adyghe to Bzhedug Adygheqː~χ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
12.2.1.4 Adyghe to Temirgoy Adygheqː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianpː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
sʷ zʷ {ʃ,ʂ} {ʑ,ʐ,ɣʲ} ʑ χʲ → f v ɕ ʑ ʑ~ʒ χ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhqʲː(ʼ) ɢʲ χʲ → qʲ(ʼ) ʁʲ xʲ
qʲʷ qʲʷː qʲʷʼ ɢʲʷ χʲʷ ʁʲʷ → xʲ qʲ qʲʼ ʁʲ χʲ ʁʲ
29 Na-Dene29.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Proto-Athabaskanχ(ʷ) → {χ,ʁ}
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.1 Proto-Gbe to Ajáχ ʁ → s z / _{i,j}
χʷ hʷ → w p
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Genχʷ → p
30.3.1.1.7 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Vheχʷ ʁʷ → ɸ β
30.3.1.1.10 Proto-Vhe to Awalanχ ʁ → ʃ {ʒ,j} / _{u,i,j}
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
33.2.2 Proto-Wintuan to Patwinx χ → s h
33.2.3 Proto-Wintuan to South Patwinχ → ∅ (?)
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucoχ → q / n_
34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviaχ → qʰ / #_
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcoχ → qʰ / #_
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitoχ → h #_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambaχ → kʰ #_
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenaχ → k / #_

to /χ/

42 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.1.1.3 Proto-Agaw to Kemantneykʼ → χʷ / #_
kʷʼ → χʷ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangakʼ → {χʷ,qʷ} / #_
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicx → χ (conjectured based upon the following but not outright stated in the article)
6.2.2.1.15 Classical Arabic to Sa‘idi Arabicq x ɣ → ɡ χ ʁ
6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabicdʒ x ɣ → ʒ χ ʁ
6.2.2.1.19 Biblical Hebrew to Modern Israeli Hebrewx ʕ → χ ʔ
sˤ tˤ ħ q → s t χ k
7 Algonquian7.11 Proto-Algonquian to Munsee Delawarex → χʷ / o(ː)_{V,#}
7.14 Proto-Algonquian to Mi’kmaqk → χ / _(w)a(ː) ! #_
k → χ / a(ː)_
eːk → oχ / _w
10 Austronesian10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauanq → χ (→ ʕ)
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhazq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.4 Proto-Abazgi to Bzyp Abkhazq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Properq qʷ → χ χʷ
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywaq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadzq qʷ → χ χʷ
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadzq qʷ → χˤ χʷ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassianqʲʷː qʲʷ ɢʲʷ,ʁʲʷ} χʲʷ → qʷː ʔʷ ʁʷ χʷ
{qˤː,qˤʼ} χˤ ʁˤ → qː χ ʁ
{qˤʷː,qˤʷʼ} χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → qʷː χʷ ʁʷ
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianpː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
sʷ zʷ {ʃ,ʂ} {ʑ,ʐ,ɣʲ} ʑ χʲ → f v ɕ ʑ ʑ~ʒ χ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhqʲʷ qʲʷː qʲʷʼ ɢʲʷ χʲʷ ʁʲʷ → xʲ qʲ qʲʼ ʁʲ χʲ ʁʲ
qˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → χʷ qʷʼ w
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’ikɣ ʁ → x χ / _#
v ʁ → f χ / S_
17 Indo-European17.7.2.2.2 Middle Dutch to Modern Dutch— x ɣ → {x,χ} {ɣ,x,χ} / in northern dialects
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishʃ → {x,χ}
r → {ʐ,χ}
29 Na-Dene29.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Proto-Athabaskanχ(ʷ) → {χ,ʁ}
29.2 Proto-Na-Dene to Tlingitqʼ qʷʼ → χ(ʷ)ʼ {χʼ,q(ʷ)ʼ}
$ → χ
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswanap t tʃ k {dʒ,ɡ} ɲ → h r tɬʰ χ ∅ n
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
33.2.4 Proto-Wintuan to Wintukʰ qʰ → k χ
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucoq → χ
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarásq → q͡χ
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basquej → χ (probably through intermediates like above, Wikipedia doesn’t go into particulars of how and where)
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.3 Proto-Pai to Tipaikʷ xʷ → q χ / _# (the paper calls these “back velars”)