Index Diachronica: involving /”/

37 results from /”/   38 results to /”/   140 results with context involving /”/   

from /”/

37 matches

10 Austronesian10.3.2 Proto-Oceanic to Hiw”V[+ high(er)] → ∅ / _CV
”V → ə / _CV
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to LemerigCV1C”V2 → CV2C”V2
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlap(C)V1C”V2 → (C)V2V2
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-Nêlêmwa”V → Vː (usually)
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bay”a → i / _CV[- high]
”a → e / _CV[+ high]
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’aCV1C”V2 → CV2C”V2
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1.1 Proto-Abazgi to Ashkharywa Abaza”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a (but stays /ʕ/ sometimes?)
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhaz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.4 Proto-Abazgi to Bzyp Abkhaz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Proper”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywa”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
17 Indo-European17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greek”{i,e}V → j”V
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to FrenchV”e → ”Vi
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romanian”elːa → e”a / _#
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish”je.o ”je.a → {”i.o,”jo} ”i.a
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharian”ɨ ”ə ɨ[- stress] ə[- stress] → ɨ a a ə
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.7 Proto-Paman to Yinwum#”UU → #U”U
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2 Proto-Iroquoian to Proto-Northern Iroquoian”V → ”Vː / “in open penultimate syllables followed by a non-glottal consonant”
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayuga”V(C)(C)CaCV → V(C)”(C)CaCV / _#
V1”V2 ”V1ːV2 → ”V1V2 ”V1[-long]V2
”V0V0 → V0ː[-accent]
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondaga”V(ː)(C)(C)Vː → V[-long](C)”(C)CV[-long] / _#
”V(C)(C)CaCV → V(C)”(C)CaCV / _#
”V → ”Vː / _C(R)V
37.1.2.4 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Proto-Mohawk-Oneida”V → ”Vː[+falling tone] / _{ʔ,hR}
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneida”Vː[-falling tone]CV → Vː”CV
”V → ”Vː / _ʔ
”Vː[+falling tone] → ”V[-long -falling tone]
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to SenecaV1”V2 → ”V1V2
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscarora”V → ”Vː / _n in “penultimate syllables only”
”V → ”Vː / _{k(ʷ),(ˀ)t}{s,R,H} (“penultimate syllables only”)
”V → ”Vː / _RR
37.2.1 Proto-Siouan to Catawba”V[+nas] → Vn (*)

to /”/

38 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrew— a → _$%%(…)”
10 Austronesian10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to LemerigCV1C”V2 → CV2C”V2
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’aCV1C”V2 → CV2C”V2
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1.1 Proto-Abazgi to Ashkharywa Abaza”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a (but stays /ʕ/ sometimes?)
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhaz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.4 Proto-Abazgi to Bzyp Abkhaz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Proper”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywa”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadz”Vʕ ʕ”V → ”aa a”a
17 Indo-European17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greek”{i,e}V → j”V
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French— V → ”V / ”VSr_
— V → ”V / _C*”{i,e}V
V”e → ”Vi
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italiantaːte → ”ta / _#
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to RomanianV → ”V / ”VSr_
V → ”V / _(C…)”{i,e}V
”elːa → e”a / _#
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish”je.o ”je.a → {”i.o,”jo} ”i.a
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.7 Proto-Paman to Yinwum#”UU → #U”U
28 Muskogean28.1.4 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to KorasatiVkV → ”V / _#
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2 Proto-Iroquoian to Proto-Northern IroquoianV → ”V / “in antepenultimate syllables, if the vowel of the penultimate syllable was short */a/ followed by a single non-glottal consonant”
V → ”V / “in penultimate syllables not preceded by an accented antepenult”
”V → ”Vː / “in open penultimate syllables followed by a non-glottal consonant”
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayuga”V(C)(C)CaCV → V(C)”(C)CaCV / _#
V1”V2 ”V1ːV2 → ”V1V2 ”V1[-long]V2
37.1.2.2.1 Huron to WyandotVː → ”V / in U#; “this change may have been present in Huron already”
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondaga”V(ː)(C)(C)Vː → V[-long](C)”(C)CV[-long] / _#
”V(C)(C)CaCV → V(C)”(C)CaCV / _#
”V → ”Vː / _C(R)V
37.1.2.4 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Proto-Mohawk-Oneida”V → ”Vː[+falling tone] / _{ʔ,hR}
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneida”Vː[-falling tone]CV → Vː”CV
”V → ”Vː / _ʔ
”Vː[+falling tone] → ”V[-long -falling tone]
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to SenecaV1”V2 → ”V1V2
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscarora”V → ”Vː / _n in “penultimate syllables only”
”V → ”Vː / _{k(ʷ),(ˀ)t}{s,R,H} (“penultimate syllables only”)
”V → ”Vː / _RR

with context involving /”/

140 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrew— a i → aː eː / _%”
10 Austronesian10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghp k → f ɣ / V_V ! ”ə_V
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to LemerigV → ∅ / #_C”V
V → ∅ / CVC_C”V
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to MwotlapV1 → ∅ / _”V2
V → ∅ / (C)V_VC”V
10.3.5 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-New CaledoniaV → ∅ / _C”V
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayp ŋ → f ∅ / ”V_V
V → ∅ / {”V,j}_
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’aV → ∅ / #_C”V
V → ∅ / CVC_C”V
10.4.1 Proto-Micronesian to MarshalleseV → ∅ / ”VC_
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albaniankʷ → s / _”E?
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albaniankʷ → s / _”E?
17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwianhh h → h ∅ / ”Vː_u
hh h → h ∅ / u_”Vː
D R → Dː Rː / ”e_ in U[+open]
17.2.5 Common Anatolian to Palaich → ∅ / ”Vː_u
h → ∅ / u_”Vː
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irishp t k kʷ b d ɡ ∅ → b d ɡ ɡʷ mb nd ŋɡ n / n#_”V
17.7.2 Common Germanic to West Germanicβ ð ɣ → b d ɡ / {#,”V}_
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishj → ∅ / %{θ,s,z,l}_”V
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norsel(ː)ʀ n(ː)ʀ → lː nː / ”Vː_ (or all V_ ?)
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to CatalanV → ∅ / ”V%C_L(C)V(C)# (irregular)
V → ∅ / ”V%L_C(C)V(C)# (irregular)
V → ∅ / ”V%s_t(C)V(C)# (irregular)
iː → i / _%”V
{i,eː,e} → e / _%”V
i → j / ”V_#
uː → u / _%”V
au → a / _%”u
{u,o(ː)} → u / _%”V in East Catalan
{u,o(ː)} → o / _%”V else
u → w / ”ɛ_#
ae au → e o / _%”V
o → u / _%”V (irregular)
{bj,vj} → wʒ / _%”V
V → ∅ / _%”V (rare)
V → ∅ / ”V%_(C)(C)V(C)# (“irregular; e is kept before n”)
s → z / ”V%V_V
s → ∅ / V_V%”V
ɡ → ∅ / V_V%”V
kʷ → k / #_a%”V
kʷ → kw / #_”a
ʎ → l / ”i_
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French— V → ”V / ”VSr_
— V → ”V / _C*”{i,e}V
j → ∅ / V_”E
∅ → j / {ʃ,ʒ,sj,zj}”{a,é}_ in U[+open]
e → ə / #(C…)_(%…)” in U[+open]
e → ɛ / #(C…)_(%…)” in U[+closed] or _V (?)
a → ə / #{tʃ,dʒ}_(%…)” in U[+open]
ɔ → u / _”V
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesew → u / _”V
au → a / _%”u
e → iː / ”_%ɪː#
iː {i,e(ː)} → i e / _%”V
{u,o(ː)} → o / _%”V
ɛ ɔ → e o / _(”u)#
o → u / _(”V)
e → o / _m”V (irregular)
V → ∅ / _”V (irregular)
e → ∅ / ”{i,e}_#
kʷ → kw / #_”a
a → ∅ / ”ɔ_#
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalɡ → ∅ / V_(VC…)”V
j → ∅ / V_”E
w → v → ∅ / _”o
j → dʒ / _”E (in the west)
j → ∅ / _”E (else)
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to RomanianV → ”V / ”VSr_
V → ”V / _(C…)”{i,e}V
dj → ʒ / _”B
a o → ə u / ”U…_#
e → ə / ”U…P_(C…)V# ! V = i
u → ∅ / ! {OL,”V}_#
a → a / #(C…)V…C[+palatal]_…”U
a o → ə u / #(C…)V…_…”U
e → i / #(C…)V…_n…”U
e → ə / #(C…)V…{t,d,n}_…”U
e → ə / P”_(C…)B
e → ə / #{r,P}_…”U
o → u / #C…_…”U
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to SardinianS[- voice] → S[+ voice] / V_”V
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.3.1 Proto-Tuparí to Makurápt → r / _”V
18.3.2 Proto-Tuparí to Mekenst → r / _”V
18.3.4 Proto-Tuparí to Wayorót → r / _”V
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.1 Proto-Chibchan to Arhuacoi → ∅ / C”V(C)_
i → ∅ / _(C)”V
23.1.1.1.2 Proto-Chibchan to Chibchaa {e,i} → i ∅ / C”V(C)_
i → ∅ / _(C)”V
a → ∅ / _”V
23.1.1.1.4 Proto-Chibchan to Marocaceroi → ∅ / C”V(C)_
i → ∅ / _(C)”V
23.1.1.1.5 Proto-Chibchan to Motilón{u,i} → ∅ / C”V(C)_
i → ∅ / _(C)”V
23.1.1.1.6 Proto-Chibchan to Tunebo{a,i} → ∅ / C”V(C)_
i → ∅ / _(C)”V
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.1 Proto-Chatino to Papabuco Chatinot → ɾ / _”a
t → tʃ / _”{e,iʔ}
33 Penutian33.3.3 Proto-Yokuts to PalewyamiV → e / C”VC_
V → i / C”iC_
V → u / C”uC_
V → o / C”oC_
35 Salishan35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack Halkomelem∅ → V0 / ”V03_
35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksack∅ → V0 / ”V03ʔ_
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to OnondagaV → Vː / _”C[-glottal](R)V{ː,H} in “even numbered syllables only”
V → V[+high tone] / _$”V
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to MohawkV0 → ∅ / ”VC(C)(C)V0ʔ_C(C)(C)#
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneidaʔ → ∅ / ”Vː_
37.2.2 Proto-Siouan to Dakotak → ∅ / _x”V
x → ʔ / ”Vk_
37.2.3 Proto-Siouan to Mandansk → ʃ / _”V
37.2.4 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Čiwere-Winnebagot → tʃ / _”E
37.2.4.1 Proto-Čiwere-Winnebago to Čiwerek → ɡ / ”V_
x → ∅ / k_”V
37.2.5.1 Proto-Crow-Hidatsa to Crowsk → tsk / _”V
x → ∅ / k_”V
37.2.5.2 Proto-Crow-Hidatsa to Hidatsask → tsuk / _”u
sk kx → tsk hk / _”V
sk → hts / ”V_
37.2.6 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Dhegihak → ɡ / ”V_
L Lʲ → {ð,j} ʒ / _”V
L → d / ”V_
37.2.6.2 Proto-Dhegiha to Omaha-PoncaL → θ / _”V
d → n / ”V_
37.2.6.3 Proto-Dhegiha to Osageʃ → s / ”V_k
xk → (ʃ)k / _”V
xk → ɡ / ”V_
x → ʔ / k_”V
37.2.7.1 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Biloxik → ∅ / ”Vs_
k → ∅ / _x”V
kx → xk / ”V_
37.2.7.2 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Ofosk → f / ”V_
kx → sk / ”V_
37.2.7.3 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Tutelos → ʃ / ”V_k
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicɑ → e / ”{o,u}(X)C_j
ɑ → o / ”{a,e,i}(X)C_j
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnishið → j / ”V_V
ð → ∅ / ! ”V(X)_