Index Diachronica: involving /dz/

88 results from /dz/   91 results to /dz/   3 results with context involving /dz/   

plain dzʱ dzʲ dzʲʷ dzʷ dzʷʲ dzː ⁿdz

from /dz/

88 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omoticdz ʃ tʃ → ʒ s1 s2
6.2.1.1.1 Proto-Agaw to Awngiz dz ɡ → ɡ {z,dz} ɡ(ʷ)
6.2.1.1.2 Proto-Agaw to Blin{ts,tʃ} z dz → ʃ d dʒ
6.2.1.1.3 Proto-Agaw to Kemantney{ts,tʃ} dz → ʃ dʒ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangats tʃ dz → sʼ tʃʼ z
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicts dz {t,ts}ʼ tʃʼ → s z sʼ ʃʼ
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berber{ʃ,ts,z} dz tʃ {tʼ,tʃʼ} dʒ → s z ts tsʼ dʒ
10 Austronesian10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorrob dz → p ts
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauann dz → l r
10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakbː dː dzː ɡː → bʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ (Whimemsz says these become “voiced stops with voiceless releases. . .treated as unit phonemes, not clusters)”
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputbʱ {dʱ,dzʱ} ɡʱ → f s k
dz → d / #_ (though sometimes → {s,ɟ})
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghbʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ → p t c k
dz → ɟ / V_V
b d dz ɡ → p t c k / N_
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakhdz dʒ → {tsːʼ,z} {tsːʼ,dʒ}
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andi{ts,st} dz → s {tsːʼ,z}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarts tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → sh ts tʃʼ ts(ː)ʼ tsʼ
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargi{tsː,st} tsːʼ dz stː → ts z tsː s
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{tsː,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → ts tsʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lak{tsː,stː} dz st → sː {tsː,z} ts
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agul{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tː s z
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archi{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → s {s,ʃ} tsʼ sː ts
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutul{ts,st} tsːʼ dz → {s,ts} {d,t} z
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udits tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → {∅,s} tʃ {∅,tsʼ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} z
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakh{tsː,tʃː,dz,dʒ} → tː / _#
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezic{ts,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → s ts
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgizʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → dzʲ~zʲ tʃʼ dʒ~ʒ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiants tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adyghedzʲ dzʷ → dʑ ʑʷ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardiandɮ dzʲ dzʷ dʑ ɡʲ → ʒ ʑ {v,w} ʒ dʒ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
sʷʲ zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → tʃʷ ʒʷ tʃʲʼ dʒʲ
17 Indo-European17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekdz → z
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryantst dzdʱ → tː dʱː
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishdz ts → d͜z t͜s
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesedj → dz → ts → s / r_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalb {d,dz,dʒ} z ʒ ɡ → p {t,ts,tʃ} s ʃ k / _(s)#
tʃ → jdz → jz / V_V (in the south and northwest)
tʃ → dz → z / V_V (otherwise)
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
dtʃ → dz → z (else)
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— tst dzd → ts dz
— Vdz → ∅ / {nts,ndz,rdz_
— ndzVɡ → nɡ
ts dz → s̪ z̪
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tochariandz → ∅ / B_
dz → ts
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.3.1 Proto-Tuparí to Makurápts (n)dz → t nd
18.3.2 Proto-Tuparí to Mekensts (n)dz → {s,ts} s
18.3.3 Proto-Tuparí to Tuparí{(n)dz,ts} → s / _i
{(n)dz,ts} → t / else
18.3.4 Proto-Tuparí to Wayoróts (n)dz → t nd
19 Kartvelian19.2 Proto-Kartvellian to Svandz dʒ ɖʐ → {dz,z} {dʒɡ,sɡ} {dʒ,ʒ}
20 Khoisan20.1.4 Proto-Khoe to Kxoets dz → {ç,tç} dʒ
20.1.5 Proto-Khoe to Namats dz kxʼ → {ts,s} d ∅
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
21 Lakes Plain21.2.2.3 Proto-East Tariku to Eritai∅ → dz → î_V
22 Macro-Arawakan22.1 Proto-Arawá to Arawádz → s / medially
22.2 Proto-Arawá to Banawá-Jamamadi{ts(ʰ),tʃ} dz → s ɟ
22.3 Proto-Arawá to Hypothetical Arawán Substratedz → s
22.4 Proto-Arawá to Jarawaradz → ɟ
29 Na-Dene29.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Proto-Athabaskan{s,dz} → {s,z}
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gents dz → s z
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.8 Proto-Vhe to Adángbets dz → s z
30.3.1.1.10 Proto-Vhe to Awalans {k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → ʃ tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.12 Proto-Vhe to Pecı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.14 Proto-Vhe to Wacı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàb d dz ɡ → {p,pʼ} {t,tʼ} {ts,tsʼ} {k,kʼ}
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan La(r)ts (r)dz → (r)tsʰ (r)ts
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiats (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naots dz NTS KTS sTS → tʃ ts {ts,m} ɡts sp
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu Tats dz rdz dʒ → {ʈʂ,ʒ} tsj rtsʰ ʈʂ
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuts dzl NTS → {tʃ.,j} tsl m
39 Tanoan39.1 Proto-Tanoan to Jimezts dz → s z
39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowats tsʰ tsʼ dz → t tʰ tʼ d
39.3 Proto-Tanoan to Taosts tsʰ tsʼ dz → tʃ s tʃʼ j
39.4 Proto-Tanoan to Tewadz → {j,dʒ}
42 Uralic42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livoniansʲ tsʲ zʲ dzʲ → ʃʲ tʃʲ ʒʲ dʒʲ

to /dz/

91 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Erythreantʃ dʒ → ts dz
6.2.1.1.1 Proto-Agaw to Awngiz dz ɡ → ɡ {z,dz} ɡ(ʷ)
10 Austronesian10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorroj w → dz ɡʷ
10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakbː dː dzː ɡː → bʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ (Whimemsz says these become “voiced stops with voiceless releases. . .treated as unit phonemes, not clusters)”
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgi{pʷ,pʲ} {p(ʲ)ː,bˤ} bʷ pʷʲ bʷʲ → p b f tsʲ dzʲ
tsʲː → dzʲ (marked as dubious in the source)
zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → dzʲ~zʲ tʃʼ dʒ~ʒ
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → tsʲ(ʼ) dzʲ
tɕː → dzʲ(~tɕ)
tʃʷ(ʼ) tʃʷː dʒʷ → tʃ(ʼ) zʷ dzʷ~zʷ
12.1.1 Proto-Abazgi to Ashkharywa Abazatʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) v dz
12.1.2 Proto-Abazgi to Tapanta Abaza{tʃʷ(ʼ),tɕ} {dʒʷ,dʑ} → ts(ʼ) dz
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhaztʃʷ tʃʷʼ dʒʷ tɕ(ʼ) dʑ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) v dz
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Propertʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywatʃʷ tʃʷʼ tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiants tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
tʃ tʃʼ dʒ dʑ → s tsʲʼ(?) dz~z dʑ~ʑ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianpː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
z(ʲ) zʷ → dz(ʲ)~z(ʲ) dzʷ~zʷ
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → ts(ʼ) dz
17 Indo-European17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianḱ ɡ́ → ts dz
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavick ɡ x → ts dz s / _{æː,i}
k ɡ x → ts dz s / “After some syllables with front vowels”
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishʑ z → dʑ dz / _v
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French(t)s → (d)z / V_V
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesedj → dz → ts → s / r_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençaltʃ → jdz → jz / V_V (in the south and northwest)
tʃ → dz → z / V_V (otherwise)
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
rdj rVɡ → rdz rdʒ
rdʒ → {rdʒ,rdz(→ rz)}
tj → tʃ → dj → djʒ (?) → dz (in the north and west) or idz (in the south and east)—medial (i)dz became (i)z; i-less forms “prevail in the literary language” and seem to have become common if the dz follows the stress
ndt ndtʃ ntʃ nkt nf → n{d,t} {nts,ndz(→ nz),ndʒ} n(t)s {ɲ,(i)nt,ntʃ} {nf,fː(→ f)}
rtʃ rdtʃ → r(t)s {rdz(→ rz),rts,rdʒ}
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
dtʃ → dz → z (else)
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniant d s → ts dz ʃ / _i
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to Sardinianl{i,j} → lː → {ts,dz,ldz,dʒ,lː} (“varies”)
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishk ɡ → tʃ dʒ → ts dz / _{j,i,e,ɛ}
p t k s ts → b d ɡ z dz / V_V
— tst dzd → ts dz
19 Kartvelian19.1 Proto-Kartvelian to Georgianɖʐ → dz
19.2 Proto-Kartvellian to Svandz dʒ ɖʐ → {dz,z} {dʒɡ,sɡ} {dʒ,ʒ}
19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zandʒ ɖʐ → {dʒɡ,dzɡ} dʒ
20 Khoisan20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
21 Lakes Plain21.1.2 Proto-Far West to Saponiiiɛ Vdiɛ → dzɛ ɾɛ
21.2.1.1 Proto-Central Tariku to Edopid → dz / _i
∅ → dz / _î
21.2.2.1 Proto-East Tariku to Biritai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.2 Proto-East Tariku to Doutaidi → dz / _V
V → dz / _V̂
21.2.2.3 Proto-East Tariku to EritaidiV → dz
∅ → dz → î_V
21.2.2.4 Proto-East Tariku to Kai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.5 Proto-East Tariku to Obokuitai∅ → dz / îV
21.2.2.6 Proto-East Tariku to SikaritaidiV → dz
∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.7 Proto-East Tariku to Waritai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.3.1 Proto-West Tariku to Deirateti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.3 Proto-West Tariku to Fayuti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.5 Proto-West Tariku to Sehudateti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.7 Proto-West Tariku to Weirateti di → s dz / _V
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.3 Proto-Tacanan to Reyesanob d → ᵐb ⁿdz
29 Na-Dene29.1 Proto-Na-Dene to Proto-Athabaskan-Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz s
29.1.1.1.26 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to Mescaleroz(ʔ) ʒ(ʔ) ɮ(ʔ) → dz dʒ dɮ / _#
29.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz {s,ʃ}
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.9 Proto-Vhe to Avénok ɡ s → ts dz ʃ / _i
t d → ts dz / _j
30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándo{t,k} {d,ɡ} → ts dz / _i
34 Quechumaran34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitots → dz / ! #_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambak ts → ɡ dz / n_
35 Salishan35.1.6 Proto-Central Salish to Lushootseedw j → ɡʷ dz / _V
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan LaNTS PTS KTS sTS çTS → {Ndz,mts} kts(ʰ) ptsʰ sts {sts,rj}
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos KialTS → l.dz
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Molts rts NTS PTS STS → lɖʐ rts. {mdzr,mtʃ} nt. sts
j → dz / #_
36.3.2.2.5 Proto-rGyalrongic to Trungkr → dz
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Nao∅ → dz / #_j
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaP t → pdz tʃ / r_
Np Nb Nt Nɡ Nç → sts mp mtʰ mk ntsʰdz
dr çdr → ʈ ʂʈdz
k rk kr kj Nkj ɡr → kʰdz nɡ kʰr tʃh dʒ nkʰr
C[+ sibilant]w ç → swdz sdz
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeet ts k kʷ → d dz ɡ ɡʷ / _V

with context involving /dz/

3 matches

17 Indo-European17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniani → ∅ / {ts,dz,S}_V
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— Vdz → ∅ / {nts,ndz,rdz_
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándoj → ∅ / {ts,dz}_