Index Diachronica: involving /z/

209 results from /z/   233 results to /z/   24 results with context involving /z/   

d͜z plain zʲʷ zʷʲ

from /z/

209 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omoticdz ʃ tʃ → ʒ s1 s2
6.1.1.2 North Omotic to Dizinz → d / Vj_
6.1.1.3 North Omotic to Kafaz zː → j dʒː
6.1.1.4 North Omotic to Maalez → d / V_
z → ts / Vj_
6.1.1.5 North Omotic to Shekkachoz → j / {#,V}_
z → dʒː / Vj_
zː → dʒː
6.1.1.7 North Omotic to Yemsaz → d / V_
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullaz → ts / Vj_
6.1.2.1 South Omotic to Aariz → {d,z} / V_
6.1.2.2 South Omotic to Dimez → {d,z} / V_
6.2.1.1.1 Proto-Agaw to Awngiz dz ɡ → ɡ {z,dz} ɡ(ʷ)
6.2.1.1.2 Proto-Agaw to Blin{ts,tʃ} z dz → ʃ d dʒ
6.2.1.1.3 Proto-Agaw to Kemantney{ts,tʃ} dz → ʃ dʒ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangats tʃ dz → sʼ tʃʼ z
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicts dz {t,ts}ʼ tʃʼ → s z sʼ ʃʼ
6.2.2.1.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Boreafrasianz → d / “when another sibilant is in the word nearby” and (word-finally?) when “noun-stem final”
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berber{ʃ,ts,z} dz tʃ {tʼ,tʃʼ} dʒ → s z ts tsʼ dʒ
6.2.2.1.7 Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabic{{s,z}(ˤ),ʒ}ʃ → ʃː
6.2.2.1.14 Classical Arabic to Moroccan Arabicz → ʒ / if ʒ is somewhere in the stem after it
8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonic{ʃ,z} → s
8.2 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Korean{ʃ,z} → s
8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolicz → s
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusicz → s
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkic{N,l,r,ʃ,z} → ∅ / #_
8.5.2 Proto-Turkic to Sakhad s {ʃ,z} → t ∅ s / V_V
{z,ʃ} → h
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawanj z → d j
10.1.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Philippine{*D,*Z,z} → d / #_
10.1.2.1 Proto-Philippine to Bicol*j {*D,z} → r d / V_V
10.1.2.2 Proto-Philippine to Cebuano{*j,*Z} z → l r / V_V
10.1.2.3 Proto-Philippine to Hiligaynon{*Z,*j} z → l r / V_V
10.1.2.4 Proto-Philippine to Ibanagz → r / V_V
10.1.2.5 Proto-Philippine to Ifugao{z,*Z,*D,*j} → d
10.1.2.6 Proto-Philippine to Ilocano{z,*Z,*j} → d / V_V
10.1.2.7 Proto-Philippine to Proto-Kalamian{z,j} → d
10.1.2.8 Proto-Philippine to Kankanay{z,*j} → d / V_V
10.1.2.9 Proto-Philippine to Tagalog {*D,*j} {d,z} → l r / V_V
10.1.2.10 Proto-Philippine to Waray{*D,*Z,z} → d
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batakz → j (fricative changes to approximant)
10.2.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Chamicz j → j d
10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorrob dz → p ts
10.2.3 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayicz → j
10.2.4.1 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to Javanese{l,d} z → r d
10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Maduresez → jʰ
10.2.4.3 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to Sundanese{l,j} z → r j
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauann dz → l r
10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakbː dː dzː ɡː → bʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ (Whimemsz says these become “voiced stops with voiceless releases. . .treated as unit phonemes, not clusters)”
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputbʱ {dʱ,dzʱ} ɡʱ → f s k
dz → d / #_ (though sometimes → {s,ɟ})
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghbʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ → p t c k
dz → ɟ / V_V
b d dz ɡ → p t c k / N_
10.3 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Oceanic{nts,ns,nz,nɡʲ} {ts,z,ɡʲ} → ɡʲ s
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayz → s
10.3.8 Proto-Oceanic to Tolomako{z,dr} → ts
10.3.11.3.2 Proto-Tanna to Lenakelz → t
10.3.11.3.3 Proto-Tanna to North Tannaz → r
10.3.11.3.5 Proto-Tanna to Whitesandsz → r
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Onganz → c (again, possibly evidence of a change from POn-PAn, if it existed)
10.7 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Rukai{t1,c} {d1,z} d3 → t d ɖ
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakhdz dʒ → {tsːʼ,z} {tsːʼ,dʒ}
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andi{ts,st} dz → s {tsːʼ,z}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarts tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → sh ts tʃʼ ts(ː)ʼ tsʼ
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargi{tsː,st} tsːʼ dz stː → ts z tsː s
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{tsː,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → ts tsʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lak{tsː,stː} dz st → sː {tsː,z} ts
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agul{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tː s z
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archi{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → s {s,ʃ} tsʼ sː ts
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutul{ts,st} tsːʼ dz → {s,ts} {d,t} z
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udits tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → {∅,s} tʃ {∅,tsʼ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} z
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakh{tsː,tʃː,dz,dʒ} → tː / _#
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezic{ts,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → s ts
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgisʷʲ zʲ → sʲ z
zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → dzʲ~zʲ tʃʼ dʒ~ʒ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiants tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
sʲ zʲ → s z
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
sʲʷ zʲʷ → sʲ zʲ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adyghedzʲ dzʷ → dʑ ʑʷ
zʷ → ʑʷ~ʒʷ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardiandɮ dzʲ dzʷ dʑ ɡʲ → ʒ ʑ {v,w} ʒ dʒ
sʷ zʷ {ʃ,ʂ} {ʑ,ʐ,ɣʲ} ʑ χʲ → f v ɕ ʑ ʑ~ʒ χ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
z(ʲ) zʷ → dz(ʲ)~z(ʲ) dzʷ~zʷ
sʷʲ zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → tʃʷ ʒʷ tʃʲʼ dʒʲ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.1 Proto-Eskimo-Aleut to Proto-Aleutz → s / #_
z → ð / medial
15.2 Proto-Eskimo-Aleut to Proto-Eskimoð z → t s
17 Indo-European17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irish— st zd → sː dː / [anything]_
17.7.1 Common Germanic to Gothicz → s / _#, though “[t]his s was dropped when it came to stand after an original s through the loss of a vowel”, though it “remained when protected by a particle”
17.7.2 Common Germanic to West Germanicz → {r,∅}
17.7.2.1.4 Midlands Middle English to Early Modern Englishtj sj dj zj → tʃ ʃ dʒ ʒ / ! _uː (perhaps only before stressed uː?)
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishsj zj lj → ʃ ʒ j~ɫj / else “(j~ɫj fluctuation is formality)”
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norsez x → ʀ h
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norse{s,z} → ∅ / {r,ʀ}_N
17.7.4 Common Germanic to Vandalicz → ∅ (seems to have been complete by the Sixth Century)
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekdz → z
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryantst dzdʱ → tː dʱː
17.10.1.5 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Vedic Sanskritbzʱ → ps
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavicsj zj → ʃ ʒ
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishtʲ dʲ sʲ zʲ nʲ rʲ l lʲ → tɕ dʒ ɕ ʑ ȵ r ɫ l (this last probably not before /i/)
zʐ → ʐɖʐ
ʑ z → dʑ dz / _v
{z,s,ʂ} → ∅ / _sC
zdʲ stʲ → {ʑ,ɕ} {s,ɕ} / _n
dz ts → d͜z t͜s
17.12.1 Proto-Italic to Proto-Latino-Falsicanz → r
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latins → z → r / V_V
z → ∅ / _C[+voiced]
z → ∅ / _{l,r}
s → z → l / l_
s → z → r / r_
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalan— d → z → ∅ / V_V
j ɡj ts z n → tʃ i w s ∅ / _#
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchsːj zj rj → jsː jz jr
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesedj → dz → ts → s / r_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalb {d,dz,dʒ} z ʒ ɡ → p {t,ts,tʃ} s ʃ k / _(s)#
tʃ → jdz → jz / V_V (in the south and northwest)
tʃ → dz → z / V_V (otherwise)
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
dtʃ → dz → z (else)
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— tst dzd → ts dz
— Vdz → ∅ / {nts,ndz,rdz_
— ndzVɡ → nɡ
ts dz → s̪ z̪
z̪ z ʒ → s̪ s ʃ
17.12.2.1 Proto-Sibellian to Oscanz → r
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tochariandz → ∅ / B_
dz → ts
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.1.2 Pre-Bakairi to Western Bakairiz → h / V_a
z → ∅ / V_V
18.3.1 Proto-Tuparí to Makurápts (n)dz → t nd
18.3.2 Proto-Tuparí to Mekensts (n)dz → {s,ts} s
18.3.3 Proto-Tuparí to Tuparí{(n)dz,ts} → s / _i
{(n)dz,ts} → t / else
18.3.4 Proto-Tuparí to Wayoróts (n)dz → t nd
19 Kartvelian19.2 Proto-Kartvellian to Svandz dʒ ɖʐ → {dz,z} {dʒɡ,sɡ} {dʒ,ʒ}
20 Khoisan20.1.4 Proto-Khoe to Kxoets dz → {ç,tç} dʒ
20.1.5 Proto-Khoe to Namats dz kxʼ → {ts,s} d ∅
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
21 Lakes Plain21.2.2.3 Proto-East Tariku to Eritai∅ → dz → î_V
22 Macro-Arawakan22.1 Proto-Arawá to Arawádz → s / medially
22.2 Proto-Arawá to Banawá-Jamamadi{ts(ʰ),tʃ} dz → s ɟ
22.3 Proto-Arawá to Hypothetical Arawán Substratedz → s
22.4 Proto-Arawá to Jarawaradz → ɟ
26 Mande26.1 Proto-Mande to Boboz → {s,j}
26.5 Proto-Mande to Kono-Vaiz → s
26.6 Proto-Mande to Southwest Mandez → s
26.7 Proto-Mande to Mandekanz → s
26.11 Proto-Mande to Semblaz → s
26.12 Proto-Mande to Soninkaz → j ?
26.13 Proto-Mande to Susuz → s
29 Na-Dene29.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Proto-Athabaskan{s,dz} → {s,z}
29.1.1.1.8 Proto-Athabaskan to Dena’ina{ʃ(ʷ),x {z,ʒ(ʷ),ɣ} → s j
29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribts tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.13 Proto-Athabaskan to Hupaz → s
29.1.1.1.20 Proto-Southern Athabaskan to Proto-Eastern Southern Athabaskan{s,z}(ʔ) {ʃ,ʒ}(ʔ) {ɬ,ɮ}(ʔ) → s ʃ ɬ / _#
29.1.1.1.25 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to Chiricahua{s,z}(ʔ) {ʃ,ʒ}(ʔ) {ɬ,ɮ}(ʔ) → s ʃ ɬ / _#
29.1.1.1.26 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to Mescaleroz(ʔ) ʒ(ʔ) ɮ(ʔ) → dz dʒ dɮ / _#
29.1.1.1.27 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to Navajo{s,z}(ʔ) {ʃ,ʒ}(ʔ) {ɬ,ɮ}(ʔ) → s ʃ ɬ / _#
29.1.1.1.28 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to San Carlos{s,z}(ʔ) {ʃ,ʒ}(ʔ) {ɬ,ɮ}(ʔ) → s ʃ ɬ / _#
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ {s,z} → {kʷ,p} f wˀ w
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → p pʰ pʼ f v
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.3.1 Proto-Sam to Amu{ndj,nz} → n̪d̪
30.1.1.3.2 Proto-Sam to Bajuni{ndj,nz} ɲz → n̪d̪ n̪ ð
30.1.1.3.4 Proto-Sam to Siu-Pate{ndj,nz} z → n̪d̪ ð
30.1.1.3.5 Proto-Sam to Proto-Aweeranz z c → ɲd̪ ʃ
30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gents dz → s z
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.8 Proto-Vhe to Adángbets dz → s z
30.3.1.1.10 Proto-Vhe to Awalans {k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → ʃ tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.12 Proto-Vhe to Pecı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.14 Proto-Vhe to Wacı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàb d dz ɡ → {p,pʼ} {t,tʼ} {ts,tsʼ} {k,kʼ}
z → {s,tsʼ} (the former “without exception” “in oblique tone words”)
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan La(r)ts (r)dz → (r)tsʰ (r)ts
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiats (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.5 Proto-rGyalrongic to Trungz → k
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naoz → ts / r_
ts dz NTS KTS sTS → tʃ ts {ts,m} ɡts sp
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu Tats dz rdz dʒ → {ʈʂ,ʒ} tsj rtsʰ ʈʂ
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuts dzl NTS → {tʃ.,j} tsl m
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.2.4.1 Proto-Čiwere-Winnebago to Čiweres z → θ ð (sporadic)
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.3.1 Central Tai to Lungchow{r,s,z} tʃʰ dʒ → ɬ ʃ tʃ
38.1.1.3.3 Central Tai to Tay{s,z} → {x,tʰ}
38.1.1.3.4 Central Tai to Thoz → {r,s}
38.1.1.3.5 Central Tai to T’ien-Pao{s,z} → t
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Taiz → s
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taiz r → s r̥
39 Tanoan39.1 Proto-Tanoan to Jimezts dz → s z
39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowats tsʰ tsʼ dz → t tʰ tʼ d
39.3 Proto-Tanoan to Taosts tsʰ tsʼ dz → tʃ s tʃʼ j
39.4 Proto-Tanoan to Tewadz → {j,dʒ}
42 Uralic42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnish{z,x(ː)} → h
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnisht → z → U / _r{A,O}
t → z → @ / _r{i,e}
k → z → @ / _j
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livoniansʲ tsʲ zʲ dzʲ → ʃʲ tʃʲ ʒʲ dʒʲ
46 Vowel Shifts46.19 Southern [United States] Shift (English)z → d / _n (not strictly a vowel shift but included here anyway because it’s cool, and also because it doesn’t occur in 〈hasn’t〉 because of the influence of 〈hadn’t〉)

to /z/

233 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.2.1 South Omotic to Aariz → {d,z} / V_
s1 s2 s3 → ʃ z tʃ
6.1.2.2 South Omotic to Dimez → {d,z} / V_
6.2 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Erythreantʃ dʒ → ts dz
6.2.1.1.1 Proto-Agaw to Awngiz dz ɡ → ɡ {z,dz} ɡ(ʷ)
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangats tʃ dz → sʼ tʃʼ z
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicts dz {t,ts}ʼ tʃʼ → s z sʼ ʃʼ
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berber{ʃ,ts,z} dz tʃ {tʼ,tʃʼ} dʒ → s z ts tsʼ dʒ
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabicdʒ → z
6.2.2.1.7 Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabicθ ð → s z
ðˤ → zˤ, occasionally tˤ
dˤ → zˤ (seems to be a sporadic change only affecting a few words, e.g. CA/MSA ˈdˤaːbitˤ → EA ˈzˤaːbitˤ)
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicf θ → v z̪ (the article isn’t exactly clear on what this second phone is)
6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrewθ θˤ ð ɬ ɬˤ → ʃ ʃˤ z s sˤ
7 Algonquian7.13 Proto-Algonquian to Miami-IllinoisVNs VNʃ → V[+nas]z V[+nas]ʒ / not universal?
8 Altaic8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkicrʲ → z
9 Austroasiatic9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnamese{β,w} {dʲ,ɟ} → v z
ɹ → z (only seems to have occurred with first-register tones)
bl → z
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnamesedʲ ɟ → z j
10 Austronesian10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorroj w → dz ɡʷ
10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakbː dː dzː ɡː → bʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ (Whimemsz says these become “voiced stops with voiceless releases. . .treated as unit phonemes, not clusters)”
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghj w → z v
10.3.5.6 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwaameijʰ j → s z
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwâj → z
10.3.5.8.1 Proto-Yunaga to Yunaga 1j → {ð,z} ?
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayɲ c *j → n s z
10.3.8 Proto-Oceanic to Tolomakoɲ c *j → n s z
10.3.11.3 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Proto-Tannas c *J → {h,z} {s,z} z
10.3.11.3.2 Proto-Tanna to Lenakelc *j → s {z,s}
10.3.11.3.5 Proto-Tanna to Whitesandsc *j → s {z,s}
10.6 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Paiwanb d2 → {v,b} z
10.8 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Tsouic{*C,d} j *R → c z r
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakhdz dʒ → {tsːʼ,z} {tsːʼ,dʒ}
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andi{ts,st} dz → s {tsːʼ,z}
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargi{tsː,st} tsːʼ dz stː → ts z tsː s
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalugb d → {b,v} z
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lak{tsː,stː} dz st → sː {tsː,z} ts
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agulb d → {b,w} {d,z}
{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tː s z
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutulb d → {b,w} {d,z}
{ts,st} tsːʼ dz → {s,ts} {d,t} z
11.5.5 Proto-Lezgic to Tabassaranb d → {b,w} {d,z}
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udits tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → {∅,s} tʃ {∅,tsʼ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} z
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezics xː → z x
11.7.2 Proto-Tsezic to Tseztsː tɬː → z l / V_V
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgi{pʷ,pʲ} {p(ʲ)ː,bˤ} bʷ pʷʲ bʷʲ → p b f tsʲ dzʲ
tsʲː → dzʲ (marked as dubious in the source)
sʷʲ zʲ → sʲ z
zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → dzʲ~zʲ tʃʼ dʒ~ʒ
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → tsʲ(ʼ) dzʲ
tɕː → dzʲ(~tɕ)
tʃʷ(ʼ) tʃʷː dʒʷ → tʃ(ʼ) zʷ dzʷ~zʷ
ʃʷ ʃʷː ʒʷ → sʷ ʃ zʲ (this final change is marked as dubious)
xʷʲ ɣʷʲ → sʷ zʷ (*ɣʷʲ is marked as dubious)
12.1.1 Proto-Abazgi to Ashkharywa Abazatʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) v dz
ɕ ʑ → s z
12.1.2 Proto-Abazgi to Tapanta Abaza{tʃʷ(ʼ),tɕ} {dʒʷ,dʑ} → ts(ʼ) dz
ɕ ʑ → s z
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhaztʃʷ tʃʷʼ dʒʷ tɕ(ʼ) dʑ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) v dz
ɕ ʑ → s z
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Propertʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
ɕ ɕʷ ʑ ʑʷ → s ʃʷ z ʒʷ
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywatʃʷ tʃʷʼ tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
ɕ ɕʷ ʑ ʑʷ → s ʃʷ z ʒʷ
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
ɕ ɕʷ ʑ ʑʷ → s {ʃʷ,ɕʷ} z {ʒʷ,ʑʷ}
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
ɕ ʑ → s z
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiants tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
sʲ zʲ → s z
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
sʲʷ zʲʷ → sʲ zʲ
tʃ tʃʼ dʒ dʑ → s tsʲʼ(?) dz~z dʑ~ʑ
ɕʷ ɕʷ ʑʷ → sʲ ʃː zʲ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianpː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
z(ʲ) zʷ → dz(ʲ)~z(ʲ) dzʷ~zʷ
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → ts(ʼ) dz
ʃ(~ʃː) ʒ → s z
xʲ ɣʲ → sʲ zʲ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.4 Proto-Eskimo to Wales Iñupiaqp k q s → v ɣ ʁ z / V_V
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albanianɡʷ(ʱ) → {ɡ,z}
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albanianɡʷ(ʱ) → {ɡ,z}
17.2 Proto-Indo-European to Common Anatoliant → z / j “(allophonic)”
17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwianḱː → z
17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycians → z / _{R,j,w} “(in Milyan, this happened after the change of ḱ to s)”
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ / ! _#
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.4.1 Proto-Indo-European to Avestanbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ → b d z
ḱ ɡ́ → s z
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irish“The PIE rules for the voicing of s → z, as in [nizdos] for *nisdos, are assumed to apply”
17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianḱ ɡ́ → ts dz
{kʷ,kw} {ɡʷ,ɡw} → tʃ dʒ (→ s~z z ?) / _E
17.7 Proto-Indo-European to Common Germanicf θ s x → β ð z ɣ “(Except initially or following IE stress)”
17.7.2.1.12 Old English to Southern Middle Englishf θ s ɣ → v ð z ɡ / #_
17.7.2.2.1 Old Low Franconian to Middle Dutchf θ s → v ð z / syllable-initially (h → ɦ?)
17.7.2.4 High German Cosonant Shift and Umlautp t k → fː zː xː / V_V
p t k → f z x / _#
17.7.2.5 West Germanic to Old Low Germanf θ s → v ð z / syllable-initially
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekdz → z
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-SlavicKʷ ḱ ɡ́ → K s z
k ɡ x → ts dz s / _{æː,i}
k ɡ x → ts dz s / “After some syllables with front vowels”
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishʑ z → dʑ dz / _v
st ʂʈʂ → z ʐ / _b
dz ts → d͜z t͜s
ɕ ʑ → s z / _C (sometimes)
17.12 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Italics → z / medial (I’m assuming between vowels or when *s voiced in PIE)
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latins → z → r / V_V
s → z / _C[+voiced]
s → z / _{N,l,r}
s → z → l / l_
s → z → r / r_
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalans → z / ”V%V_V
— d → z → ∅ / V_V
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French(t)s → (d)z / V_V
sːj zj rj → jsː jz jr
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseks ɡn tj → ʃ ɲ {z,s} / V_V (tj → s is learned)
dj → dz → ts → s / r_V
s l → z ∅ / V_V
sk k → jʃ z / V_{i,e}
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalp t k s → b d ɡ z / V_V (this b → v?)
tʃ → jdz → jz / V_V (in the south and northwest)
tʃ → dz → z / V_V (otherwise)
ð → z (except in some northern and eastern dialects where → ∅)
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
rdj rVɡ → rdz rdʒ
rdʒ → {rdʒ,rdz(→ rz)}
sj → ʒ → {r,z} (rare)
sj → ʒ → iz (the usual outcome)
tj → tʃ → dj → djʒ (?) → dz (in the north and west) or idz (in the south and east)—medial (i)dz became (i)z; i-less forms “prevail in the literary language” and seem to have become common if the dz follows the stress
ndt ndtʃ ntʃ nkt nf → n{d,t} {nts,ndz(→ nz),ndʒ} n(t)s {ɲ,(i)nt,ntʃ} {nf,fː(→ f)}
rtʃ rdtʃ → r(t)s {rdz(→ rz),rts,rdʒ}
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
dtʃ → dz → z (else)
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniant d s → ts dz ʃ / _i
j → z / rd_
dj → z / V_V
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to Sardinianl{i,j} → lː → {ts,dz,ldz,dʒ,lː} (“varies”)
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishk ɡ → tʃ dʒ → ts dz / _{j,i,e,ɛ}
p t k s ts → b d ɡ z dz / V_V
— tst dzd → ts dz
ts dz → s̪ z̪
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.2.1 Proto-Ofaié-Jê to Proto-Jêc → {c,z}
19 Kartvelian19.1 Proto-Kartvelian to Georgianɖʐ → dz
ʐ → z
19.2 Proto-Kartvellian to Svandz dʒ ɖʐ → {dz,z} {dʒɡ,sɡ} {dʒ,ʒ}
19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zandʒ ɖʐ → {dʒɡ,dzɡ} dʒ
20 Khoisan20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
21 Lakes Plain21.1.2 Proto-Far West to Saponiiiɛ Vdiɛ → dzɛ ɾɛ
21.2.1.1 Proto-Central Tariku to Edopid → dz / _i
∅ → dz / _î
21.2.2.1 Proto-East Tariku to Biritai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.2 Proto-East Tariku to Doutaidi → dz / _V
V → dz / _V̂
21.2.2.3 Proto-East Tariku to EritaidiV → dz
∅ → dz → î_V
21.2.2.4 Proto-East Tariku to Kai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.5 Proto-East Tariku to Obokuitai∅ → dz / îV
21.2.2.6 Proto-East Tariku to SikaritaidiV → dz
∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.2.7 Proto-East Tariku to Waritai∅ → dz / î_V
21.2.3.1 Proto-West Tariku to Deirateti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.3 Proto-West Tariku to Fayuti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.5 Proto-West Tariku to Sehudateti di → s dz / _V
21.2.3.7 Proto-West Tariku to Weirateti di → s dz / _V
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.1 Proto-Chibchan to Arhuacos d → z r / _(V)j
23.1.1.1.2 Proto-Chibchan to Chibchats → {s,z}
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.3 Proto-Tacanan to Reyesanob d → ᵐb ⁿdz
29 Na-Dene29.1 Proto-Na-Dene to Proto-Athabaskan-Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz s
29.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Proto-Athabaskan{s,dz} → {s,z}
29.1.1.1.26 Proto-Western Southern Athabaskan to Mescaleroz(ʔ) ʒ(ʔ) ɮ(ʔ) → dz dʒ dɮ / _#
29.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz {s,ʃ}
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.1 Proto-Gbe to Ajáχ ʁ → s z / _{i,j}
30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gents dz → s z
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.8 Proto-Vhe to Adángbets dz → s z
30.3.1.1.9 Proto-Vhe to Avénok ɡ s → ts dz ʃ / _i
t d → ts dz / _j
30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándo{t,k} {d,ɡ} → ts dz / _i
34 Quechumaran34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitots → dz / ! #_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambak ts → ɡ dz / n_
35 Salishan35.1.6 Proto-Central Salish to Lushootseedw j → ɡʷ dz / _V
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1 Proto-Sino-Tibetan to Middle Chineses-l- → {tʰ,z}-
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan Lat d Nt Nd st sd çT tr (ç)dr KT → tʰ t Ntʰ md zd st çtj trh (ç)tr kt
k sk kr ɡ Pɡ sɡ Nɡ (s)ɡr çK rK Kç → kʰ zɡw dr Nɡ pk sk mk (s)kr çk rɡj ɡçkr
NTS PTS KTS sTS çTS → {Ndz,mts} kts(ʰ) ptsʰ sts {sts,rj}
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos KialTS → l.dz
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtse(N)t (N)d st sd KT çT tr dr çtr → (N)tʰ mt zd st kt çt(j) trh tr çtr
(P)ɡ sɡ çK Nɡ k sk rk (s)ɡj (ʔ)kj → (p)k sk çk mk kʰ zɡ Nɡ (s)kj (ʔ)kʰj
Nkj (s)ɡr Kç kr skr ɡr → mɡj (s)kr ɡçkr kʰr zɡr Nɡr
ts (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Moç → zɡ / _r
lts rts NTS PTS STS → lɖʐ rts. {mdzr,mtʃ} nt. sts
j → dz / #_
36.3.2.2.5 Proto-rGyalrongic to Trungkr → dz
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Nao∅ → dz / #_j
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaP t → pdz tʃ / r_
Np Nb Nt Nɡ Nç → sts mp mtʰ mk ntsʰdz
{d,KT} st → tʃ zdʒ
dr çdr → ʈ ʂʈdz
k rk kr kj Nkj ɡr → kʰdz nɡ kʰr tʃh dʒ nkʰr
C[+ sibilant]w ç → swdz sdz
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuɡ ç → ∅ zɡ / _r
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeet ts k kʷ → d dz ɡ ɡʷ / _V
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Mohawk— s → z / {#,V}_{V,R} ! R = j
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneidas → z / {#,V}_{V,R}
37.2.2 Proto-Siouan to Dakotas → z / in U[-stress]
s → z / V_V
37.2.4 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Čiwere-Winnebagotʲ s → ʒ z / in U[-stress]
37.2.6 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Dhegihat tʲ s → d ʒ z / in U[-stress]
s → z / V_V
37.2.6.3 Proto-Dhegiha to Osage{ç,x} → z (sporadic)
39 Tanoan39.1 Proto-Tanoan to Jimezts dz → s z
41 Trans-New Guinea41.3 Proto-Trans New Guinea to Binandereᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ nj → {p,ᵐb} {ⁿd,z} k z / V_V
42 Uralic42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnishp t ts s k → b d s z ɡ
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnisht → z → U / _r{A,O}
t → z → @ / _r{i,e}
k → z → @ / _j
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianp t(ʲ) s(ʲ) k → b d(ʲ) z(ʲ) ɡ / ! #_ or adjacent to C[-voice]
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuts → z / V_V
hts → z / V_i

with context involving /z/

24 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1 Proto-Omotic to North Omotica → o / #{z,dʒ}_P
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berberh → ħ / _Vz
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabic∅ → i / #al$_z
10 Austronesian10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark BayV[+ high] → ∅ / _# ! {p,z,d(r)}_
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.1 Proto-Eskimo-Aleut to Proto-Aleuti →∅ / #_{z,dʒ}
17 Indo-European17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwianj → ∅ / z_
17.7.2.1.5 Early Modern English to American Englishj → ∅ / {θ,s,z,l,n,t,d}_ when in onset position
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishj → ∅ / %{θ,s,z,l}_”V
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryan∅ → a / #_z
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishɛ ɛ̃ ɛː → ɔ ɔ̃ a / _C[-palatalized +dental] (also sporadically before plain non-dentals)
∅ → d / r_z
s → ∅ / _ɫza in “słza”
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinV → Vː / _zC[+voiced]
V → Vː / _z{l,r}
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French∅ → d / {n,l,ɲ,z_r
d → ∅ / _{z,ʒ}
∅ → j / {ʃ,ʒ,sj,zj}”{a,é}_ in U[+open]
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal∅ → d / z_r
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniani → ∅ / {ts,dz,S}_V
d → ∅ / _z
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— Vdz → ∅ / {nts,ndz,rdz_
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándoj → ∅ / {ts,dz}_
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to Japhugb → w / #{z,r}_
42 Uralic42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianʋ → ∅ / {d,z}_