|Nasal||/m/ 〈m〉||/n/ 〈n〉|
|Plosive||Voiced||/b/ 〈b〉||/d/ 〈d〉|
|Plain||/p/ 〈p〉||/t/ 〈t〉||/k/ 〈k〉||/q/ 〈q〉||/ʔ/ 〈'〉|
|Ejective||/tʼ/ 〈t'〉||/kʼ/ 〈k'〉||/qʼ/ 〈q'〉|
|Approximant||/l/ 〈l〉||/j/ 〈y〉|
|/e/ 〈e〉||/o/ 〈o〉|
Syllable structure: C(C)V(C)
Possible syllable-initial clusters: py, ty, ky, sy, pl, tl, kl, ql, sl. Consonant clusters and ejectives can only occur at the beginnings of words.
Possible syllable-final sounds: y, n, l, s. n assimilates with following nasals and plosives; for labials in the middle of words, this is indicated in the romanization; n is [n] before other sounds and utterance-finally. Geminate consonants are possible, and distinct from non-geminates. Within words, a glottal stop can't follow a syllable-final consonant, and a voiced stop can't follow /s/.
/a/ and /e/ are not distinguished after q and q'.
i and y can't be in the same syllable (but things like 'iye are okay).
Stress goes on the first syllable.
After /q/ and /qʼ/, /a/ and /e/ are pronounced /ɑ/, and /i/ is pronounced /ɯ/ . The latter can optionally be distinguished in the romanization by using 〈ı〉 instead of 〈i〉.