Index Diachronica: involving /ʰ/

190 results from /ʰ/   232 results to /ʰ/   12 results with context involving /ʰ/   

cʰː kʰʷ kʷʰ t̪ʰ ǀʰ ɕʰ ɕ͡ʰ ɡʰ ɡʷʰ ɡ́ʰ ɢʷʰ ɬʰ ɸʰ ʂʰ ʃʰ ʃʷʰ ʈʰ plain ⁿǀʰ

from /ʰ/

190 matches

8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonicpʰ tʰ kʰ → p t k
tʃʰ → t
8.2 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Korean{tʰ,d} {k,ɡ} → r {h,∅} / {C,V}_{C,V}
pʰ tʰ kʰ → p t {k,h}
{tʃʰ,dʒ} → tʃ
8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolicpʰ → {h,j} / #_
pʰ → {b,h} / medially
pʰ → b / #_U[+high pitch]
tʰ → d / _#
t(ʰ) d → tʃ dʒ / _i
tʰ → t / else
tʃʰ → tʃ
kʰ → ɡ / {C,V}_h
kʰ → k / else
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusicpʰ → p
tʰ tʃʰ → t tʃ
kʰ → x / #_
kʰ → {x,k}
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkic{pʰ,ŋ} → {∅,j} / #_
pʰ → p
tʰ → d / #_(V){lʲ,r(ʲ)}
tʰ → t
kʰ → k
9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khencʰ → s
tʰ → h (Only seems to have occurred with first-register tones)
{kʰ,ɡʱ} → x (Presyllables don’t seem to have affected this much)
9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamesebʱ {tʰ,dʱ} {t*ʰ,d*ʱ} {kʰ,ɡʱ} → pʰ t tʰ kʰ (after *kʰ *ɡʱ, only first-register tones may occur)
t*ʰ d ɡ → tʰ t k / _w
{əkʰ,əɡɦj} → ɟ (I think Thompson implied this was just a bit of a kludge)
9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnamesepʰ → f
kʰ → x (only seems to have occurred with first-register tones)
Ω cʰ → s tɕ
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnamesepʰ → f
kʰ → x (only seems to have occurred with first-register tones)
Ω cʰ → ʂ ʈʂ
10 Austronesian10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to Caaàcjʰ → h / _i
10.3.5.2 Proto-New Caledonia to Jawét̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ → t tʰ c s
jʰ → h / _i
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-Fwait tʰ → c h / _E
t̪ t̪ʰ → t tʰ
jʰ → h / _i
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-Nêlêmwacʰ → {ʃ,jʰ}
kʰ → h / _a
pwʰ pʰ tʰ kʰ → fw f rʰ x / in Nelemwa
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to Nyelâyujʰ j → h ∅ / _i
10.3.5.6 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwaameijʰ j → s z
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwât̪(ʰ) t(ʰ) → cʰ tʰ
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagat(ʰ) → k(ʰ)
jʰ → h / _i
10.3.5.8.1 Proto-Yunaga to Yunaga 1jʰ → θ
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgiqʷʲ ɢʷʰ → ħ(ʷ) ɣ(ʷ)
17 Indo-European17.8.1 Proto-Indo-European to Aeolian Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
pʰ tʰ kʰ → f θ x
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.5 Proto-Indo-European to Cretan Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.6 Proto-Indo-European to Doric Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.7 Proto-Indo-European to Elian Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.9 Proto-Indo-European to Laconian Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
pʰ tʰ kʰ → f θ x
17.8.10 Proto-Indo-European to Mycenaean Greekkʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.10.1.5 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Vedic Sanskritcʰː → cʰ / C_
17.12 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Italicǵʰ gʷʰ → ɡʰ xʷ
bʰ dʰ gʰ → pʰ tʰ dʰ → ɸ θ x
17.12.1 Proto-Italic to Proto-Latino-Falsicanɡʰ → f / #_
ɡʰ → {d,h,ɡ}
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalpʰ → f
17.12.2 Proto-Italic to Proto-Sibellian{ɡ́ʰ,x} {ɸ,θ,ɡʷʰ} → h f
20 Khoisan20.1.4 Proto-Khoe to Kxoekʰ → kx
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narokʰ → {kx,k}
20.2.1 Proto-Kx’a to ǂHoanⁿQʰ Qɢ͡ → Qʰ Q
20.2.3 Proto-Kx’a to Southeastern !XunⁿQʰ {ǀʰq͜,ǀʰɢ͜} Qq͡ → ⁿQ(ʰ) ⁿǀʰ Q[+voiced]
22 Macro-Arawakan22.1 Proto-Arawá to Arawápʰ → p / #_
pʰ → ɸ / else
tsʰ → s
22.2 Proto-Arawá to Banawá-Jamamadip(ʰ) → ɸ
{tʰ,ɗ} → t
kʰ ɡ → k w
{ts(ʰ),tʃ} dz → s ɟ
22.3 Proto-Arawá to Hypothetical Arawán Substratepʰ → h / medially
22.4 Proto-Arawá to Jarawarap(ʰ) {tʰ,d} → ɸ t
kʰ ɡ → k w
{ts(ʰ),tʃ} → s
22.6 Proto-Arawá to Sorowahá{p(ʰ),ɓ} → h
{tʰ,ɗ → t
kʰ → k
ts(ʰ) → s
22.7 Proto-Arawá to Paumarípʰ → p / #_
pʰ t → ɸ ʔ / medial
ts(ʰ) → s
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribts tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Haretɬʰ tʃ(ʷ)ʰ kʰ → ɬ s ʃ
ts tsʰ tsʼ {s,z} → {kʷ,p} f wˀ w
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → p pʰ pʼ f v
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.1 Proto-Bantu to SebirwaS → Sʰ → Aʰ
30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gentʰ dʱ → t d
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
33.2.2 Proto-Wintuan to Patwintʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → t tʰ tʼ
k(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(h) tʃʼ kʰ kʼ
33.2.3 Proto-Wintuan to South Patwintʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → t tʰ tʼ
k(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(ʰ) tʃʼ k(ʰ) kʼ
33.2.4 Proto-Wintuan to Wintutʃʰ → tʃ
kʰ qʰ → k χ
33.3.1.1 General Yokuts to Buena Vista Yokutst tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words, conditioning factors unclear)”
tʰ → s / #_u
33.3.2 Buena Vista Yokuts to Proto-Nim-Yokutsts tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ
33.3.2.1 Proto-Nim-Yokuts to Proto-Tule-Kaweaht tʰ tʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ / #_ “(in some words, conditioning factors unclear)”
33.3.2.2.4 Valley Yokuts to Chukchansiʈ ʈʰ ʈʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ
tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ
33.3.2.2.5 Valley Yokuts to Tachiʈ ʈʰ ʈʼ → ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʈʂʼ “(ʈʼ remains unchanged in careful speech)”
33.3.2.2.6 Valley Yokuts to Yawelmanitʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ (except in “lexicalized diminutives”, where these go to ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʈʂʼ)
33.3.3 Proto-Yokuts to Palewyamit tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words; conditioning factors unclear)”
ts tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ / _i
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucoɸ(ʼ,ʰ) → p
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarástʰ → t
ɸ(ʼ,ʰ) → p
34.5 Proto-Quechumaran to Putamayot(ʰ) → d / n_
tʰ → t
ɸ(ʼ,ʰ) → p
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitot(ʰ) → d / n_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambat(ʰ) → d / n_
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagoɸ(ʼ,ʰ) → p
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenat(ʰ) → d / n_
tʰ → t
ɸ(ʼ,ʰ) → p
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1.1 Old Mandarin to Modern Pekingesek(ʰ) h → ɕ͡(ʰ) ɕ / _j
36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to Laze{r,s}p(ʰ) {r,s}{Np,(m)b} → f v / _V (the paper implies similar developments occurred at other POAs)
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na){r,s}pʰ {r,s}{(N)p,(m)b} → pʰ p b / _V (the paper implies similar developments occurred with stops at other POAs)
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to Naxi{r,s}pʰ {r,s}(N)p {r,s}b {r,s}mb → pʰ p b mb / _V (the paper implies similar developments occurred with stops at other POAs)
36.3.3.1 Old Tibetan to Amdo dialectsk(ʰ){r,j} ɡ{r,j} → tɕ(ʰ) dʑ
pʰ b → h w
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1 Proto-Siouan-Iroquoian to Proto-Iroquoiantʰ → ts / _i
tʰ → n / else
kʰ → r
pʰ → ʍ (this is a bit of a guess; the paper proper has 〈hw〉 here)
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.1 Proto-Tai to Ahomtʰ → ∅ / _r
38.1.1.3.1 Central Tai to Lungchow{r,s,z} tʃʰ dʒ → ɬ ʃ tʃ
38.1.1.3.2 Central Tai to Nungtʃ tʃʰ dʒ → ʃ tsʰ {ʃ,tʃ}
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Tai{kʰ,ɡ}{l,r} → tʃ
{pʰ,b} ɓ {tʰ,d} ɗ {kʰ,ɡ} {kʷʰ,ɡ} → p b t d k kʷ
{tʃ(ʰ),dʒ} → ʃ
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taitʰl tʰr → tʰ r̥
38.1.1.5.2 Southwest Tai to Lü{kʰ,ɣ} ɡ → x k
kʷʰ ɣʷ → xʷ x(ʷ)
38.1.1.5.6 Southwest Tai to White Tai{kʰ,ɣ} ɡ ɡ{l,r} → x k tʃ
kʷʰ ɣʷ → xʷ x(ʷ)
39 Tanoan39.1 Proto-Tanoan to Jimez{tʰ,tsʰ} → ʃ
k(ʷ)ʰ kʷ(ʼ) ɡ ɡʷ → h ɡ k kʷ
39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowats tsʰ tsʼ dz → t tʰ tʼ d
kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ɡʷ → k kʰ kʼ ɡ
39.3 Proto-Tanoan to Taosts tsʰ tsʼ dz → tʃ s tʃʼ j
kʰ kʰʷ ɡ ɡʷ → x xʷ k w
39.4 Proto-Tanoan to Tewapʰ tʰ tsʰ → f θ s
kʰ kʷʰ ɡʷ → x xʷ w
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to BasqueSʰ → F → h (→ ∅) / #_

to /ʰ/

232 matches

9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khentɹ → tʰ
9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamesebʱ {tʰ,dʱ} {t*ʰ,d*ʱ} {kʰ,ɡʱ} → pʰ t tʰ kʰ (after *kʰ *ɡʱ, only first-register tones may occur)
t*ʰ d ɡ → tʰ t k / _w
s → t(ʰ?)
10 Austronesian10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Maduresez → jʰ
10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to Caaàcpː pwː tː ʈː qː kː → pʰ pwʰ cʰ tʰ h jʰ
10.3.5.2 Proto-New Caledonia to Jawépː pwː t̪ː tː kː cː → pʰ hʷ t̪ʰ tʰ h jʰ
Cː → Cʰ
t̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ → t tʰ c s
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-Fwaipː pwː tː t̪ː kː cː → f hʷ t̪ʰ tʰ h jʰ
Cː → Cʰ
t̪ t̪ʰ → t tʰ
ONV → SʰṼ / Pije and Fwai
10.3.5.4 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-NorthernCː → Cʰ
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-Nêlêmwacʰ → {ʃ,jʰ}
pwʰ pʰ tʰ kʰ → fw f rʰ x / in Nelemwa
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to Nyelâyupː pwː tː qː cː → pʰ pwʰ tʰ h cʰ
10.3.5.6 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwaameipː pwː tː ʈ kː cː → f hʷ tʰ lʰ h s
Cː → Cʰ
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwâpː pwː t̪ː tː kː cː → pʰ xʷ t̪ʰ tʰ x s
t̪(ʰ) t(ʰ) → cʰ tʰ
Cː → Cʰ
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagapː pwː t̪ː tː ʈː cː kː → pʰ pwʰ t̪ʰ tʰ ʈʰ jʰ h
Cː → Cʰ
t(ʰ) → k(ʰ)
11 Northeast Caucasian11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargitɬ tɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ → k {xʲː,kː} kʰ {ɡ,q}(?)
17 Indo-European17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_ ! #_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenianp t → h tʰ / #_ (?)
t → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
kʷ → tʃʰ / _{e,i}
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early IcelandicS[- voice]ː S[+ voice]ː → ʰS S[- voice]ː
S[- voice] → ʰS / _{l,ɬ,m,n}
S[- voice] → Sʰ / #v_V
17.8.1 Proto-Indo-European to Aeolian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.5 Proto-Indo-European to Cretan Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.6 Proto-Indo-European to Doric Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.7 Proto-Indo-European to Elian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.9 Proto-Indo-European to Laconian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.8.10 Proto-Indo-European to Mycenaean Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → t tʰ d / _E
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → p pʰ b / _{a,o,C}
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / _u
kʷ kʰʷ ɡʷ → k kʰ ɡ / u_
17.10.1.5 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Vedic Sanskritt.ʂ t.ɕ → kʂ cʰː
cʰː → cʰ / C_
17.12 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Italicǵʰ gʷʰ → ɡʰ xʷ
bʰ dʰ gʰ → pʰ tʰ dʰ → ɸ θ x
20 Khoisan20.1.1 Proto-Khoe to ǁ̬Anats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.3 Proto-Khoe to Bugats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.2.1 Proto-Kx’a to ǂHoanⁿQʰ Qɢ͡ → Qʰ Q
20.2.3 Proto-Kx’a to Southeastern !XunⁿQʰ {ǀʰq͜,ǀʰɢ͜} Qq͡ → ⁿQ(ʰ) ⁿǀʰ Q[+voiced]
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribts tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → p pʰ pʼ f v
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.1 Proto-Bantu to SebirwaS → Sʰ → Aʰ
p t d c ɟ k ɡ → ɸ ɹ {d,l} tʰ ∅ h {∅,ɡ}
30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswana{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n} → s tsʰ ts ɲ / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ntʃ,nk,r} {ɲdʒ,nɡ} mp mb p b {d,l} m n → s tsʰ ts tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) dʒ ŋw ɲ / _{ɪ,e}V
{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n,ɲ} → sw tsʰw tsw ɲw / _iV
mp mb p b m → tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) ŋw / _{ʊ,o}V
{tʃ,k} {ɲtʃ,nk} {ndʒ,nɡ} → s tsʰ ts / _{i,ɪ,e}
nk k → kʰ h / _u
mp nt ɲtʃ nk mp nd ɲdʒ nɡ → pʰ tʰ tɬʰ qʰ p t tɬ k
p t tʃ k {dʒ,ɡ} ɲ → h r tɬʰ χ ∅ n
30.1.1.3.1 Proto-Sam to Amuntç tç → (n̪)t̪ʰ t̪
30.1.1.3.2 Proto-Sam to Bajunintç tç → (n̪)t̪ʰ t̪
30.1.1.3.3 Proto-Sam to Mwiinintç tç → (n̪)t̪ʰ t̪
30.1.1.3.4 Proto-Sam to Siu-Patentç tç → (n̪)t̪ʰ t̪
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
33.2.2 Proto-Wintuan to Patwintʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → t tʰ tʼ
k(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(h) tʃʼ kʰ kʼ
33.2.3 Proto-Wintuan to South Patwintʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → t tʰ tʼ
k(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(ʰ) tʃʼ k(ʰ) kʼ
33.3.1.1 General Yokuts to Buena Vista Yokutst tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words, conditioning factors unclear)”
33.3.2 Buena Vista Yokuts to Proto-Nim-Yokutsts tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ
33.3.2.1 Proto-Nim-Yokuts to Proto-Tule-Kaweaht tʰ tʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ / #_ “(in some words, conditioning factors unclear)”
33.3.2.2.4 Valley Yokuts to Chukchansiʈ ʈʰ ʈʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ
tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ
33.3.2.2.5 Valley Yokuts to Tachiʈ ʈʰ ʈʼ → ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʈʂʼ “(ʈʼ remains unchanged in careful speech)”
33.3.2.2.6 Valley Yokuts to Yawelmanitʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ (except in “lexicalized diminutives”, where these go to ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʈʂʼ)
33.3.3 Proto-Yokuts to Palewyamit tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words; conditioning factors unclear)”
ts tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ / _i
34 Quechumaran34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviaph th kh qh → pʰ tʰ kʰ qʰ
ts {tsh,tʃh} → tʃ tʃʰ
ɸ(ʼ) ɸh → p(ʼ) pʰ
χ → qʰ / #_
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcoph → pʰ
kh qh → kʰ qʰ
ts tsh → tʃ tʃʰ
ɸ(ʼ) ɸh → p(ʼ) pʰ
χ → qʰ / #_
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitotʼ → tʰ / #_i
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambaqh → kʰ / _i ! _i{ʃ,tʃ}
tʼ → tʰ / #_i
kh → kʰ / #_{i,u}
ɸ → pʰ / _V
χ → kʰ #_
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1 Proto-Sino-Tibetan to Middle Chineses-l- → {tʰ,z}-
36.1.1.1 Old Mandarin to Modern Pekingesek(ʰ) h → ɕ͡(ʰ) ɕ / _j
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na){r,s}pʰ {r,s}{(N)p,(m)b} → pʰ p b / _V (the paper implies similar developments occurred with stops at other POAs)
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to Naxi{r,s}pʰ {r,s}(N)p {r,s}b {r,s}mb → pʰ p b mb / _V (the paper implies similar developments occurred with stops at other POAs)
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan Lap b çp çb sP rP Np Nb pr {br,pj} bj → pʰ p ʝb çp sp rpʰ mpʰ mb br pʰj pj
t d Nt Nd st sd çT tr (ç)dr KT → tʰ t Ntʰ md zd st çtj trh (ç)tr kt
k sk kr ɡ Pɡ sɡ Nɡ (s)ɡr çK rK Kç → kʰ zɡw dr Nɡ pk sk mk (s)kr çk rɡj ɡçkr
çr Nç → dr mkʰj
NTS PTS KTS sTS çTS → {Ndz,mts} kts(ʰ) ptsʰ sts {sts,rj}
(r)ts (r)dz → (r)tsʰ (r)ts
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiakj Nkj ʔkj ɡj sɡj → kj. nj ɡ.tsʰ kj skj.
Kts → ɡ.tsʰ.
ts (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtse(N)p Nb sP çp çb pr br {p,b}j → (m)pʰ (m)p sp ʝb çp br pʰj pʰj
(N)t (N)d st sd KT çT tr dr çtr → (N)tʰ mt zd st kt çt(j) trh tr çtr
(P)ɡ sɡ çK Nɡ k sk rk (s)ɡj (ʔ)kj → (p)k sk çk mk kʰ zɡ Nɡ (s)kj (ʔ)kʰj
Nkj (s)ɡr Kç kr skr ɡr → mɡj (s)kr ɡçkr kʰr zɡr Nɡr
ts (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaNp Nb Nt Nɡ Nç → sts mp mtʰ mk ntsʰdz
k rk kr kj Nkj ɡr → kʰdz nɡ kʰr tʃh dʒ nkʰr
NTS KTS lTS → mʈʂ {kts,ʈʂʰ} bɖʐ
ts dz rdz dʒ → {ʈʂ,ʒ} tsj rtsʰ ʈʂ
36.3.3.1 Old Tibetan to Amdo dialectsk(ʰ){r,j} ɡ{r,j} → tɕ(ʰ) dʑ
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.1 Proto-Tai to Ahom{f,v} {m,b} → pʰ b
ɣ → kʰ
k → kʰ / _r
xʷ Kʷ → {kʰ,x} K(ʷ)
38.1.1.2 Proto-Tai to Saek{ɡ,x} → kʰ
38.1.1.3 Proto-Tai to Central Taif → pʰ
tr → tʰ(r)_
ɡ x → k kʰ
kl kr → {kj,tʃ} kʰj
xr → kʰ{l,r}
xʷ ɣʷ → kʷʰ {v,w}
38.1.1.3.1 Central Tai to Lungchowpr → pʰ / _{ɯ,e,i}
pr → pʰj
38.1.1.3.2 Central Tai to Nungpr → pʰ / _{ɯ,e,i}
pr → pʰj
tʃ tʃʰ dʒ → ʃ tsʰ {ʃ,tʃ}
38.1.1.3.3 Central Tai to Taypr → tʰ
{s,z} → {x,tʰ}
ɣ → kʰ
38.1.1.3.4 Central Tai to Thopr → tʰ
38.1.1.3.5 Central Tai to T’ien-Paopr → tʰ
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taip → p(ʰ)
tʰl tʰr → tʰ r̥
x → kʰ
ɡʷ → kʷʰ
38.1.1.5.1 Southwest Tai to Laobl br → p pʰ
ɡ{l,r} → kʰ
ɡ ɣ → kʰ ɡ
38.1.1.5.2 Southwest Tai to Lübl br → p pʰ
ɡl ɡr → k kʰ
38.1.1.5.3 Southwest Tai to Shanbl br → p pʰ
ɡl ɡr → k kʰ
ɡ ɣ → k kʰ
38.1.1.5.4 Southwest Tai to Siameseb → pʰ / _{l,r}
ŋ ɡ ɣ → {h,ʃ} kʰ ɡ
38.1.1.5.5 Southwest Tai to Black Taibl br → p pʰ
38.1.1.5.6 Southwest Tai to White Taibl br → p pʰ
39 Tanoan39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowats tsʰ tsʼ dz → t tʰ tʼ d
kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ɡʷ → k kʰ kʼ ɡ

with context involving /ʰ/

12 matches

7 Algonquian7.13 Proto-Algonquian to Miami-IllinoismV[-long] → ∅ / #_{ʰC,s,ʃ} (allophonic, “optional”)
9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khenw → ∅ / tʰV_k (conjectured)
17 Indo-European17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishh → ∅ / _tʰ
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to LazeB → o / {qʰ,(N)q}_
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na)B → ɔ / {qʰ,(N)q}_
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to NaxiB → v̩ / {qʰ,(ŋ)q}_
36.3.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to Japhugŋ → m / #_kʰ
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.2 Proto-Tai to Saekl → ∅ / tʰ_
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Tail → ∅ / p(ʰ),b_E
l → j / p(ʰ),b_V
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Tail → ∅ / {p,k(ʰ),ŋ}_
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqueu ũ → y ỹ / _r(p(ʰ),β,k(ʰ),ɣ,l,s̺,s̻,ʃ,h) (Souletin)