Index Diachronica: involving /ʱ/

85 results from /ʱ/   14 results to /ʱ/   2 results with context involving /ʱ/   

dʱː ɖʱ ɟʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ ɡ́ʱ ɭʱ ʐʱ ʑʱ ʒʱ

from /ʱ/

85 matches

9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khen{kʰ,ɡʱ} → x (Presyllables don’t seem to have affected this much)
9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamesebʱ {tʰ,dʱ} {t*ʰ,d*ʱ} {kʰ,ɡʱ} → pʰ t tʰ kʰ (after *kʰ *ɡʱ, only first-register tones may occur)
10 Austronesian10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputbʱ {dʱ,dzʱ} ɡʱ → f s k
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghbʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ → p t c k
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albanianɡ́(ʱ) → d / %_C[+sibilant]
ɡʷ(ʱ) → {ɡ,z}
bʱ dʱ ɡ́(ʱ) → b d dh
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albanianɡ́(ʱ) → d / %_C[+sibilant]
ɡʷ(ʱ) → {ɡ,z}
bʱ dʱ ɡ́(ʱ) → b d dh
17.2 Proto-Indo-European to Common AnatolianDʱ → D
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʷʱ → p t j k / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenianɡʷʱ → ɡʱ / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenianɡʷʱ → dʒ / #_{e,i}
bʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡ(ʷ)ʱ → b j k / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡ(ʷ)ʱ → p t j k / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ / ! _#
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenianɡʷʱ → dʒ / #_{e,i}
bʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʷʱ → b j ɡ / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡ(ʷ)ʱ → p t j k / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenianɡʷʱ → dʒ / #_{e,i}
bʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʷʱ → b j ɡ / #_
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
17.4.1 Proto-Indo-European to Avestanbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ → b d z
k(ʷ) ɡ(ʷ)(ʱ) → tʃ dʒ / _E
k kʷ ɡ(ʷ)(ʱ) → x k ɡ / else
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old IrishCʱ → C
17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianbʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → b d ɡ́ ɡ ɡʷ
17.7 Proto-Indo-European to Common Germanicbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → β ð ɣ
17.8.1 Proto-Indo-European to Aeolian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.5 Proto-Indo-European to Cretan Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.6 Proto-Indo-European to Doric Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.7 Proto-Indo-European to Elian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.9 Proto-Indo-European to Laconian Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.8.10 Proto-Indo-European to Mycenaean Greekbʱ dʱ ɡʱ → pʰ tʰ kʰ
17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittiteḱ ɡ́ ɡ́ʱ → k ɡ ɡʱ
bʱ dʱ ɡʱ → p t k
kʷ ɡʷ ɡʷʱ → ku ɡu ku
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iranian1P2 → B12 / “includes s ʃ > zʱ ʒʱ”
BʱBʱ → BBʱ
ttʃ ddʒʱ → t.ʃ d.ʒʱ
k ɡ ɡʱ → c ɟ ɟʱ / _e,i,j
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryant d(ʱ) n → ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / C̣_ ! _r
s t d(ʱ) n → ʂ ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / _C̣
ls lt ld(ʱ) ln → ʂ ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / “disputed”
tʃ dʒ(ʱ) → tɕ dʑ(ʱ) → ɕ ɟ(ʱ)
tst dzdʱ → tː dʱː
ɟʱ → ɦ
dʱ → ɦ / (unclear environment)
bʱ → ɦ (very rare)
17.10.1.1 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Central Middle Indo-Aryan{bʱ,dʱ,ɡʱ} {j,v} → h ∅ / V_V
17.10.1.2 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Eastern Middle Indo-Aryan{bʱ,dʱ,ɡʱ} {j,v} → h ∅ / V_V
17.10.1.3 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Northwestern Middle Indo-Aryan{bʱ,dʱ,ɡʱ} {j,v} → h ∅ / V_V
17.10.1.4 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Western Middle Indo-Aryan{bʱ,dʱ,ɡʱ} {j,v} → h ∅ / V_V
17.10.1.5 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Vedic Sanskritɖ(ʱ) → ɭ(ʱ)
bzʱ → ps
{pʂ,cʂ,ɟʐʱ,ɡʐʱ} → kʂ
17.10.1.5.1 Vedic Sanskrit to Classical Sanskritɭ(ʱ) → ɖ(ʱ)
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavicbʱ dʱ {ɡʱ,ɡ́ʱ} ɡʷʱ → b d ɡ ɡʷ
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latinbʱ → h / #_ (in rustic dialects)
{bʱ,dʱ,ɡʷʱ} → f / #_
dʱ → b / rV_
dʱ → b / _Vr
dʱ → b / _l
dʱ → b / uː_
dʱ → d
ɡʱ → ɡ / ŋ_
ɡʷ(ʱ) → ɡu / ŋ_
ɡʷʱ → f / _r
ɡʷʱ → v / V_V
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharian{t,dʱ} → tʲ / _E(ː)
{t,dʱ} → ts / _y
D(ʱ) → T
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gentʰ dʱ → t d
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z

to /ʱ/

14 matches

10 Austronesian10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakbː dː dzː ɡː → bʱ dʱ dzʱ ɡʱ (Whimemsz says these become “voiced stops with voiceless releases. . .treated as unit phonemes, not clusters)”
17 Indo-European17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenianɡʷʱ → ɡʱ / #_
17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittiteḱ ɡ́ ɡ́ʱ → k ɡ ɡʱ
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iranian1P2 → B12 / “includes s ʃ > zʱ ʒʱ”
BʱBʱ → BBʱ
ttʃ ddʒʱ → t.ʃ d.ʒʱ
k ɡ ɡʱ → c ɟ ɟʱ / _e,i,j
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryant d(ʱ) n → ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / C̣_ ! _r
s t d(ʱ) n → ʂ ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / _C̣
ls lt ld(ʱ) ln → ʂ ʈ ɖ(ʱ) ɳ / “disputed”
tʃ dʒ(ʱ) → tɕ dʑ(ʱ) → ɕ ɟ(ʱ)
tst dzdʱ → tː dʱː
17.10.1.5 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Vedic Sanskritɖ(ʱ) → ɭ(ʱ)
17.10.1.5.1 Vedic Sanskrit to Classical Sanskritɭ(ʱ) → ɖ(ʱ)

with context involving /ʱ/

2 matches

17 Indo-European17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iraniand → ∅ / _ʒdʱ
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryans → ʂ / _V{ʂ,ʈ,ɖ(ʱ)}