Index Diachronica: involving /S/

122 results from /S/   94 results to /S/   49 results with context involving /S/   

plain Šʷ

from /S/

122 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot ArabicS[+ voice] → S[- voice]
S → [+ voice] / {V,R}_V
S → [+ voice] / V_R
S → F / _S
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenaki{x,h}S → Sː
7.2 Proto-Algonquian to St. Francis Abenaki{x,h}S → Sː
7.13 Proto-Algonquian to Miami-IllinoisS → ⁿS / #NV_ (sporadic)
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-SumbawanHəS → (h)ə(N)S / #_
10.1.1.3 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to SumbawanS[+ voice] → ∅ / _N
S[+ voice] → ∅ / N_
10.2.4.1 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to JavaneseHəS → (h)əNS
10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to MadureseHəS → (h)əNS / #_
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to KiputNS[-voice] → Sː
10.2.6.2 Proto-North Sarawak to Proto-KenyahS → S[-voice] / _#
10.3.5 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-New CaledoniaNS → ⁿS
10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to CaaàcⁿS → N / _#
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-NêlêmwaⁿS → N / _#
SN → N[- voice]
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to NyelâyuⁿS → N / _#
SN → N[- voice]
ⁿS → N / _Ṽ
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-YunagaSN → N[- voice]
ⁿS → N / _#
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Ongan{c,*C,s,*S} → c (again, possibly a change from POn-PAn, if it existed)
S → ∅ / _#
10.6 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-PaiwanS1 s c → s t ts
10.7 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-RukaiS1 s d2 *C → s θ ð ts (not sure what *C stands for here)
13 Chumashan13.4 Proto-Chumash to ObispeñoSʼ → ʔ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.2 Proto-Eskimo to Greenlandic IñupiaqS1S2 → F1F2
15.2.5 Proto-Eskimo to Kuskokwim Yup’ikS → ∅ / #_F
15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’ikS → ∅ / #_F
15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’ikS → ∅ / #_F
15.2.8 Proto-Eskimo to Unaaliq Yup’ikS → ∅ / #_F
17 Indo-European17.5 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Celtic— SS → sː
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to ScotsS[+ voice] → S[- voice] / _#
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old NorseNS[- voice] → S[- voice]ː
Sː → S[- long] / U[- stress]_
Sː → S[- long] / _{r}ː
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early IcelandicS → ∅ / N[+ same POA]_S
S[- voice]ː S[+ voice]ː → ʰS S[- voice]ː
S[- voice] → ʰS / _{l,ɬ,m,n}
S[- voice] → Sʰ / #v_V
S[+ voice] → S[- voice]
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-AryanSh2 → S[+ aspirated]
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinS[+voiced] → S[-voiced] / _{S[-voiced],F[-voiced]}
S[-voiced] → S[+voiced] / _N
S → f / _f
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to SardinianS[- voice] → S[+ voice] / V_”V
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.2.1 Proto-Ofaié-Jê to Proto-JêVS → r / C_V
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.2 Proto-Paman to Awŋtim(N)S → F / #(C)V_
24.1.3 Proto-Paman to LinŋitiÉ£(N)S → F / #(C)V_
24.1.5 Proto-Paman to MpalicanNVS → VⁿS / #_
24.1.6 Proto-Paman to Uraði(N)S → F / #(C)V_
24.1.7 Proto-Paman to YinwumNVS → VⁿS / #_
28 Muskogean28.1.2 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to CreekS → S[+ voice] / V_V
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan to Ahtna{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
29.1.1.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan to Babine{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
29.1.1.1.3 Proto-Athabaskan to BeaverTS → TH (most often back to 3, however)
{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
29.1.1.1.4 Proto-Athabaskan to Chilcotin{TŠ,TŠʷ} K → TS TŠ
29.1.1.1.5 Proto-Athabaskan to ChipewyanTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TH TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.6 Proto-Athabaskan to Dakelh{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’anTS TŠ → TH TS
TŠʷ → TṢ (→ TS in Kuskokwim dialect)
29.1.1.1.8 Proto-Athabaskan to Dena’ina{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŠ (→ TS in Upper Inlet dialect)
29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogrib{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.10 Proto-Athabaskan to Easter Gwich’inTS K → TŠ TS / _E
TS K → TH TŠ / else
TŠ TŠʷ Q → TS TṢ K
29.1.1.1.11 Proto-Athabaskan to HanTS TŠ TŠʷ K Q → TH TS TṢ TŠ K
29.1.1.1.12 Proto-Athabaskan to HolikachukTS → TH
TS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
29.1.1.1.14 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower KoyukonTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
29.1.1.1.15 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper KoyukonTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
29.1.1.1.16 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Kuskokwim KolchanTŠ TŠʷ K Q → TS TṢ TŠ K
29.1.1.1.17 Proto-Athabaskan to Sarcee{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.18 Proto-Athabaskan to SekaniTS → TH (→ TS again in some areas)
{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ Q
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K → TS TŠ (with exceptions)
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.32 Proto-Athabaskan to Slavey Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.34 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to KaskaTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
29.1.1.1.35 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to Tagish{TŠ,TŠʷ} TS → TS TSʲ
29.1.1.1.36 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to Tahltan{TŠʷ,K} → TŠ (although /xʲ/ stays as such in a few dialects)
29.1.1.1.37 Proto-Athabaskan to TanacrossTS TŠ TŠʷ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.38 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower TananaTS TŠ TŠᵚ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.39 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper TananaTS TŠ TŠʷ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.40 Proto-Athabaskan to TsetsautTŠ → TS
29.1.1.1.41 Proto-Athabaskan to Northern TutchoneTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
29.1.1.1.42 Proto-Athabaskan to Southern TutchoneTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-BantuS[+ lenis] N[+ lenis] → S[- lenis] N[- lenis] / in C1 position
30.1.1.1 Proto-Bantu to Sebirwai u VS → j w A / _V[+high +ATR]
S → Sʰ → Aʰ
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to Lazea aS → ɑ {ɑ,u}
S{b,ɡ} Sk → v h / _V
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na)S{b,ɡ} Sk → ∅ h
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to Naxia aS → ɑ {ɑ,o} / _%
Sb Sk Sɡ → b ? ɡ / _V
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan LaTS → dʒ / l_
NTS PTS KTS sTS çTS → {Ndz,mts} kts(ʰ) ptsʰ sts {sts,rj}
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos KialTS → l.dz
ts (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.1.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to HanniuNTS → mnj
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
LTS → ldʒ
36.3.2.2.3 Proto-rGyalrongic to Patits dʒ NTS → {s,tʃ.} tʃ. m
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Molts rts NTS PTS STS → lɖʐ rts. {mdzr,mtʃ} nt. sts
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naots dz NTS KTS sTS → tʃ ts {ts,m} ɡts sp
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaNTS KTS lTS → mʈʂ {kts,ʈʂʰ} bɖʐ
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuts dzl NTS → {tʃ.,j} tsl m
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.4.1 North Tai to DioiTŠ → TS
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuhkʷ hʔ (h)S Sː → w ʔ S[+ voiced] S[- voiced - long] / V_V
44 Vasconic44.1 Proto-Vasconic to AquitanianS[+ fortis] → S[- voice]ː (specifically, the source lists t[+ fortis] k[+ fortis] → t(ː) k(ː), both of the tokens with optional length suffixes and *aTa → 〈atta〉, so I’m extrapolating)
44.2 Proto-Basque to BasqueSʰ → F → h (→ ∅) / #_
S → S[+ voiced] / #_
S[+ voice] → S[- voice] / F[+ sibilant]_
46 Vowel Shifts46.1 7-to-5 Vowel Merger (Bantu)S → F / _{i,u} (Do not necessarily have to be fricatives at the same POA; in some cases, the phones go to null or to /l/)

to /S/

94 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot ArabicS[+ voice] → S[- voice]
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenaki{x,h}S → Sː
7.2 Proto-Algonquian to St. Francis Abenaki{x,h}S → Sː
7.13 Proto-Algonquian to Miami-IllinoisS → ⁿS / #NV_ (sporadic)
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-SumbawanHəS → (h)ə(N)S / #_
10.2.4.1 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to JavaneseHəS → (h)əNS
10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to MadureseHəS → (h)əNS / #_
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to KiputNS[-voice] → Sː
10.2.6.2 Proto-North Sarawak to Proto-KenyahS → S[-voice] / _#
10.3.5 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-New CaledoniaNS → ⁿS
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-FwaiONV → SʰṼ / Pije and Fwai
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.5 Proto-Eskimo to Kuskokwim Yup’ikF[+voice] → S[+same POA] / l̥_
15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’ikF[+voice] → S / l̥_
15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’ikF[+voice] → S / l̥_
15.2.8 Proto-Eskimo to Unaaliq Yup’ikF[+voice] → S / l̥_
17 Indo-European17.7.2.1.10 Old English to ScotsS[+ voice] → S[- voice] / _#
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old NorseNS[- voice] → S[- voice]ː
Sː → S[- long] / U[- stress]_
Sː → S[- long] / _{r}ː
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early IcelandicS[- voice]ː S[+ voice]ː → ʰS S[- voice]ː
S[- voice] → ʰS / _{l,ɬ,m,n}
S[- voice] → Sʰ / #v_V
S[+ voice] → S[- voice]
F → S[- voice] / _{l,N}
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-IranianḰ → TŠ
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-AryanSh2 → S[+ aspirated]
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinS[+voiced] → S[-voiced] / _{S[-voiced],F[-voiced]}
S[-voiced] → S[+voiced] / _N
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to SardinianS[- voice] → S[+ voice] / V_”V
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.5 Proto-Paman to MpalicanNVS → VⁿS / #_
24.1.7 Proto-Paman to YinwumNVS → VⁿS / #_
28 Muskogean28.1.2 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to CreekS → S[+ voice] / V_V
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.1 Proto-Athabaskan to Ahtna{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
K → TŠ / in Mentasta Ahtna
29.1.1.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan to Babine{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
29.1.1.1.3 Proto-Athabaskan to Beaver{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TS
K Q → TŠ K
T → TŠ / _{i,e,u}, in the British Columbian dialect
29.1.1.1.4 Proto-Athabaskan to Chilcotin{TŠ,TŠʷ} K → TS TŠ
29.1.1.1.5 Proto-Athabaskan to ChipewyanTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TH TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.6 Proto-Athabaskan to Dakelh{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’anTS TŠ → TH TS
TŠʷ → TṢ (→ TS in Kuskokwim dialect)
K → {K,TŠ}
29.1.1.1.8 Proto-Athabaskan to Dena’ina{TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŠ (→ TS in Upper Inlet dialect)
29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogrib{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.10 Proto-Athabaskan to Easter Gwich’inTS K → TŠ TS / _E
TS K → TH TŠ / else
TŠ TŠʷ Q → TS TṢ K
29.1.1.1.11 Proto-Athabaskan to HanTS TŠ TŠʷ K Q → TH TS TṢ TŠ K
29.1.1.1.12 Proto-Athabaskan to HolikachukTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
29.1.1.1.14 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower KoyukonTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
29.1.1.1.15 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper KoyukonTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TŁ TS
K → TŠ
29.1.1.1.16 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Kuskokwim KolchanTŠ TŠʷ K Q → TS TṢ TŠ K
29.1.1.1.17 Proto-Athabaskan to Sarcee{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.18 Proto-Athabaskan to SekaniTS → TH (→ TS again in some areas)
{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ Q
T → TŠ / _{i,e,u} ! in Ware Sekani
29.1.1.1.19 Proto-Athabaskan to Proto-Southern AthabaskanK → TS
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K → TS TŠ (with exceptions)
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.32 Proto-Athabaskan to Slavey Slavey-Hare{TŠ,TŠʷ} K Q → TS TŠ K
29.1.1.1.34 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to KaskaTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
K → TŠ (although /xʲ/ stays as such in a few dialects)
29.1.1.1.35 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to Tagish{TŠ,TŠʷ} TS → TS TSʲ
29.1.1.1.36 Tahltan-Kaska-Tagish to Tahltan{TŠʷ,K} → TŠ (although /xʲ/ stays as such in a few dialects)
29.1.1.1.37 Proto-Athabaskan to TanacrossK → TŠ / ! _$
TS TŠ TŠʷ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.38 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower TananaK → TŠ / ! _$
TS TŠ TŠᵚ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.39 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper TananaK → TŠ / ! _$
TS TŠ TŠʷ Q → TH TS TṢ K
S’ → S / _$
29.1.1.1.40 Proto-Athabaskan to TsetsautTŠ → TS
K Q → TŠ K
29.1.1.1.41 Proto-Athabaskan to Northern TutchoneTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
K → TŠ (although /xʲ/ remained as such in a few dialects)
29.1.1.1.42 Proto-Athabaskan to Southern TutchoneTS {TŠ,TŠʷ} → TH TS
K → TŠ (although /xʲ/ remained as such in a few dialects)
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-BantuS[+ lenis] N[+ lenis] → S[- lenis] N[- lenis] / in C1 position
N[+ lenis] N[-lenis] → N[- lenis] ⁿS / in C2 position
30.1.1.1 Proto-Bantu to SebirwaS → Sʰ → Aʰ
30.2.1.1 Proto-Akanic to AkanN → S (I’m not sure what’s going on here in the paper, but here it is presented anyway for your enjoyment)
35 Salishan35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to NooksackʔR → {ʔS,R} / V3_V
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.2.6.1 Proto-Dhegiha to KansaN → S / V_V
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.4.1 North Tai to DioiTŠ → TS
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuhkʷ hʔ (h)S Sː → w ʔ S[+ voiced] S[- voiced - long] / V_V
44 Vasconic44.1 Proto-Vasconic to AquitanianS[+ fortis] → S[- voice]ː (specifically, the source lists t[+ fortis] k[+ fortis] → t(ː) k(ː), both of the tokens with optional length suffixes and *aTa → 〈atta〉, so I’m extrapolating)
44.2 Proto-Basque to BasqueS → S[+ voiced] / #_
S[+ voice] → S[- voice] / F[+ sibilant]_

with context involving /S/

49 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1 Proto-Omotic to North Omoticu → uː / #S[+voice]_P[-voice]
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot ArabicS → F / _S
7 Algonquian7.6 Proto-Algonquian to Northern East CreeN → h / _S
7.7 Proto-Algonquian to Southern East CreeN → h / _S
7.8 Proto-Algonquian to Plains CreeN → h / _S
7.9 Proto-Algonquian to Swampy CreeN → h / _S
7.10 Proto-Algonquian to Woods CreeN → h / _S
10 Austronesian10.2.3 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-MalayicH → {∅,h} / _əNS / #_
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma LónghN → ∅ / _S “(sporadic)”
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.3.1 Standard Tamil to Colloquial Tamil{ɾ,l,ɭ} → ∅ / V_S
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.1 Proto-Eskimo to Barrow Iñupiaqv ʁ → p q / S_
15.2.2 Proto-Eskimo to Greenlandic Iñupiaqv ʁ → p q / S_
15.2.3 Proto-Eskimo to Mackenzie Iñupiaqv ʁ → p q / S_
15.2.4 Proto-Eskimo to Wales Iñupiaqv ʁ → p q / S_
15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’ikv ʁ → f χ / S_
17 Indo-European17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest ArmenianN → w / S_S
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irishr̩ l̩ → {ri,ra} {li,la} / _{S,R} (which vowel crops up is unpredictable)
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norsei → ɪ / _NS[- voice] ! _NS(C){o,i,j}
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandic{l(ː),rl} C → ɬ C[- voice] / _{S[- voice],s}
{l(ː),rl} C → ɬ C[- voice] / S_ ! Sː_
p t k → f θ x / _{S,F[- voice]}
b d {ɡ,ɣ} → p t k / _S
17.10 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Indo-Iranian*H → ∅ / S_
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishɛ̃ ɔ̃ → ɛ̃N ɔ̃N / _{S,A}
n → ŋ / _S[+velar] (regional)
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to LatinV → Vː / _S[+voiced]{S[-voiced],F[-voiced]}; “(i, e, and o sometimes bypass this)”
S[+voiced] → S[-voiced] / _{S[-voiced],F[-voiced]}
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French— V → ”V / ”VSr_
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old ProvençalVN → Vː / _S (except for the prefixes con-, in-); I’m assuming this change happened in Vulgar Latin and then vowel length went to quality
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to RomanianV → ”V / ”VSr_
i → ∅ / {ts,dz,S}_V
17.13.2 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian B∅ → t / {N,L}_S
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.3 Proto-Paman to LinŋitiÉ£N → ∅ / #NV_SV
30 Niger-Congo30.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic-Bantu to Proto-BantuV[+nas] → V[-nas] / #S[+voiced]_
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.2 Proto-Chatino to Tataltepec Chatinoɛ → ı̃ / S_#
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old Mandarinɦ → h / S_V2
41 Trans-New Guinea41.5.1.1 Proto-Gorokan to AsaroN → N[+ same POA] / _S
41.5.1.2 Proto-Gorokan to North ForeN → ʔ / _S[- voice]
41.5.1.3 Proto-Gorokan to South ForeN → ʔ / _{V,S[- voice]}
41.5.2.1 Proto-Kainantu to Auyanar → ∅ / _S[- voice]
44 Vasconic44.1 Proto-Vasconic to AquitanianN → [+ same POA] / _S
44.2 Proto-Basque to Basque∅ → j / V_{N,s̺,s̻}S
— V → ∅ / S_{ɾ,l} (more common in Roncalese and Salazarese, but also in Navarrese and Aescoan?)