Index Diachronica: involving /ts/

252 results from /ts/   283 results to /ts/   36 results with context involving /ts/   

plain tsʰ tsʲ tsʲʷ tsʲʷː tsʲʼ tsʲː tsʷ tsʷʲ tsʷʲʼ tsʷʼ tsʷː tsʼ tsʼʷ tsː tsːʼ tsˑ tsˤ tš ts̺ ts̻ tːs

from /ts/

252 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.2 North Omotic to Dizintsʼ → ʒ / V_
ts → tʃ / _i
6.1.1.3 North Omotic to Kafatsʼ → tʃʼ
{ts,ʒ} → tʃ / V_
tsʼ → tʃʼ
6.1.1.4 North Omotic to Maalets tsː → s ts / V_
tsʼ → tʃʼ / #_
tsʼ → s / V_
6.1.1.5 North Omotic to Shekkachotsʼ → tʃʼ
{s3,ts,ʒ} → s / _$#
ts → ʃ / V_
6.1.1.7 North Omotic to Yemsats → s / #_
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullatsʼ → sʼ
tsː → ts / V_
tsʼ → {tʃʼ,s}
6.1.2.2 South Omotic to Dimets → ʃ / _i
6.2.1.1.2 Proto-Agaw to Blin{ts,tʃ} z dz → ʃ d dʒ
6.2.1.1.3 Proto-Agaw to Kemantney{ts,tʃ} dz → ʃ dʒ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangats tʃ dz → sʼ tʃʼ z
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicts dz {t,ts}ʼ tʃʼ → s z sʼ ʃʼ
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berber{ʃ,ts,z} dz tʃ {tʼ,tʃʼ} dʒ → s z ts tsʼ dʒ
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenakiʔs ʔts → sː tsː
7.2 Proto-Algonquian to St. Francis Abenakiʔs ʔts → sː tsː
7.4 Proto-Algonquian to Blackfoottsi → ∅ / $_OO “(before a prefix; the first obstruent of the follow[ing] cluster then becomes ʔ)
10 Austronesian10.1 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Malayo-Polynesians ts lʲ → h t n
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batak{ts,ʈ} {ɟʝ͡,ɖ} {lʲ,ɲ} {ʔ,x,s,h} ʀ → t d n ∅ r (velar fricative is conjectured; changes → d “unsure”)
10.3 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Oceanic{nts,ns,nz,nɡʲ} {ts,z,ɡʲ} → ɡʲ s
10.4.1 Proto-Micronesian to Marshallesep {t,ts} c → pʲ tʲ rʲ
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakh{ts,st} → tʃ
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andi{ts,st} dz → s {tsːʼ,z}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarts tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → sh ts tʃʼ ts(ː)ʼ tsʼ
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargi{tsː,st} tsːʼ dz stː → ts z tsː s
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{tsː,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → ts tsʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lak{tsː,stː} dz st → sː {tsː,z} ts
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agul{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tː s z
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archi{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → s {s,ʃ} tsʼ sː ts
11.5.3 Proto-Lezgic to Lezghi{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ dz → {ʃ,tʃ} tʃ(ʼ) {tʃː,dʒ}
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutul{ts,st} tsːʼ dz → {s,ts} {d,t} z
11.5.5 Proto-Lezgic to Tabassaran{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tsː
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udits tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → {∅,s} tʃ {∅,tsʼ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} z
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakhtsː tʃː → ts tʃ / #_
tsːʼ → tsː
{tsː,tʃː,dz,dʒ} → tː / _#
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezic{ts,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → s ts
11.7.2 Proto-Tsezic to Tseztsː tɬː → z l / V_V
tsː tɬː → s ɬ
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgitsʲː → dzʲ (marked as dubious in the source)
tsʷː tsʷʲ → tsʷ (tʃ)
zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → dzʲ~zʲ tʃʼ dʒ~ʒ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiants tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
tsʷ lʲ {qʲʷ,qˤʷ} → sʷ d qʷ / #_ (data not given for non-initial forms)
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adyghetsʲ → tɕ
tsʷ → tsʲʷ
tsʲʼ → ɕʼ~ʃʼ
12.2.1.1 Adyghe to Abadzekh Adyghetsʲ(ː) → tɕ
tsʷ → tʃʷ
pː tː tsː tsʷ ʃː tʃː tɕː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ ɕ tɕ tʃ kʷ qː qʷ
12.2.1.2 Adyghe to Bzhedug Adyghetsʲ tsʲː → tɕ tɕː
tsʷː → tsʲʷː
tsʷʼ~ʃʷʼ → ɕʷʼ~ʃʷʼ
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghetsʲ(ː) tsʷ tʃ tɕ → tɕ tʃʷ ʃ ʂ
pː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
p(ʷ)ʼ t(ʷ)ʼ tsʼ tsʷʼ~ʃʷʼ → pˤ tˤ tsˤ ʂʷ
12.2.1.4 Adyghe to Temirgoy Adyghetsʲ(ː) tsʷ → tɕ tsʲʷ
pː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tʃː tɕː → p t ts tsʷʲ ʃ tʃ tɕ
tsʲʼ tsʷʼ~ʃʷʼ → ɕʼ~ʃʼ ɕʷʼ~ʃʷʼ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardiantsʲ(ː) tsʷ {tʃ,tɕ} → ɕ f ʃ
pː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
tsʲʼ tʃʷʼ~ʃʷʼ tʃʼ tɕʼ tɬʼ kʲʼ → ɕʼ fʼ ɕʼ {ɕʼ,cçʼ} ɬʼ tʃʼ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
sʷʲ zʷʲ tsʷʲʼ dzʷʲ → tʃʷ ʒʷ tʃʲʼ dʒʲ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’iks → ts → tʃ / in some dialects?
17 Indo-European17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norsets → sː / V_V
17.8.1 Proto-Indo-European to Aeolian Greekts → s
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekts → s
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greekts → s
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekts → s
17.8.5 Proto-Indo-European to Cretan Greekts → s
17.8.6 Proto-Indo-European to Doric Greekts → s
17.8.7 Proto-Indo-European to Elian Greekts → s
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekts → s
17.8.9 Proto-Indo-European to Laconian Greekts → s
17.8.10 Proto-Indo-European to Mycenaean Greekts → s
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryantst dzdʱ → tː dʱː
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishtsi ʐi → tɕ ʐ / V_
tɕts ʑr̝ → jts jr̝
dz ts → d͜z t͜s
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latin{t,d}t → tst → sː
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanj ɡj ts z n → tʃ i w s ∅ / _#
k → ts → s / #_{i,e}
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French(t)s → (d)z / V_V
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesek → ts → s / #_{i,e}
dj → dz → ts → s / r_V
ndj → nts → ns → ɲ / V_V
kj → ts → s / V_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old ProvençalOriginal z (/ts/?) → dj → j
tʃ → ts → s / #_
ts → s / _# (Provence, Limousin, some Languedoc and Gascon)
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
{ntʃj,ndj} → nts → ns
ptj → ts → s
rtʃj → rts (→ rs ?)
rtj → rts → rs
rtj → rts → rs
tːj → ts → s
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
ktʃ → its → is (else)
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishp t k s ts → b d ɡ z dz / V_V
pː tː kː sː tːs ʝː → p t k s ts ʝ
— tst dzd → ts dz
ts dz → s̪ z̪
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianp {ts,k(ʷ)} m n l r y → pj sʲ ʂ mj ɲ lj rj wj / _{E(:),y}
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.3.1 Proto-Tuparí to Makurápts (n)dz → t nd
18.3.2 Proto-Tuparí to Mekensts (n)dz → {s,ts} s
18.3.3 Proto-Tuparí to Tuparí{(n)dz,ts} → s / _i
{(n)dz,ts} → t / else
18.3.4 Proto-Tuparí to Wayoróts (n)dz → t nd
18.4.1 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Akwárats → {h,∅}
18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Cocamaʔ ts ŋ → ∅ {ts,tʃ} n
18.4.3 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guajajarats → {h,∅}
18.4.4 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guaraníts → {tʃ,∅}
18.4.5 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guarayoʔ ts → {ʔ,∅} {ts,tʃ}
18.4.6 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Kamayuráts → {h,j,∅}
18.4.7 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Parintintínts → {h,∅}
18.4.8 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Sirionóʔ ts → ∅ {s,ʃ}
18.4.9 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Classical Tupits → {s,ʃ}
18.4.10 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Urubuts → {s,h}
20 Khoisan20.1.1 Proto-Khoe to ǁ̬Anats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.2 Proto-Khoe to ǁAnits → {ts,s}
20.1.3 Proto-Khoe to Bugats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.4 Proto-Khoe to Kxoets dz → {ç,tç} dʒ
20.1.5 Proto-Khoe to Namats dz kxʼ → {ts,s} d ∅
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.7 Proto-Khoe to !Orats → {ts,s}
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.10 Proto-Khoe to ǀ̬Uits → {ts~tsɦ,s}
20.2.2 Proto-Kx’a to Northwestern !Xunts(ʼ) s → tʃ(ʼ) ʃ
20.2.3 Proto-Kx’a to Southeastern !Xunts(ʼ) s → tʃ(ʼ) ʃ
22 Macro-Arawakan22.1 Proto-Arawá to Arawátsʰ → s
22.2 Proto-Arawá to Banawá-Jamamadi{ts(ʰ),tʃ} dz → s ɟ
22.4 Proto-Arawá to Jarawara{ts(ʰ),tʃ} → s
22.6 Proto-Arawá to Sorowaháts(ʰ) → s
22.7 Proto-Arawá to Paumaríts(ʰ) → s
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.1 Proto-Chibchan to Arhuacots h → s ∅
23.1.1.1.2 Proto-Chibchan to Chibchats → {s,z}
23.1.1.1.6 Proto-Chibchan to Tunebots tʃ → tʃ s
23.1.2 Proto-Lenmichian to Proto-Lencan{s,ts} → tsʼ
23.1.3 Proto-Lenmichian to Proto-Misumalpants → s
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.3 Proto-Tacanan to Reyesanots → tʃ / #_
28 Muskogean28.1.1 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Alabamats x → s h / _C
28.1.4 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Korasatits → s / _C
28.2 Proto-Muskogean to Proto-Western Muskogeants tʃ → s ts
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribts tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ {s,z} → {kʷ,p} f wˀ w
29.1.1.1.31 Proto-Athabaskan to Mountain Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → p pʰ pʼ f v
29.2 Proto-Na-Dene to Tlingitts → ts : tɬ
tsʼ → {sʼ,tsʼ} : {ɬ,tɬʼ}
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.3 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Fon{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Gents dz → s z
30.3.1.1.5 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Phla-Pherá{ts,tʰ} {dz,dʱ} → s z
30.3.1.1.8 Proto-Vhe to Adángbets dz → s z
30.3.1.1.10 Proto-Vhe to Awalans {k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → ʃ tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.12 Proto-Vhe to Pecı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
30.3.1.1.14 Proto-Vhe to Wacı́{k,ts} {ɡ,dz} → tʃ dʒ / _i
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.3 Proto-Chatino to Yaitepec Chatinots → tʃ / #_{a,õ}ʔ
ts → tʃ / V[+high]_
ts → ʃ / #_ẽ
33 Penutian33.3.2 Buena Vista Yokuts to Proto-Nim-Yokutsts tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ
33.3.3 Proto-Yokuts to Palewyamits tsʰ tsʼ → tʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ / _i
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucots(h) tʃh → tʃ s
34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviats {tsh,tʃh} → tʃ tʃʰ
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcots tsh → tʃ tʃʰ
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarásts(h) tʃ → tʃ ts
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitots → dz / ! #_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambak ts → ɡ dz / n_
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagots(h) → tʃ
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to Comoxts(ʼ) → θ(ʼ)
35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.3 Proto-Central Salish to Cowichan Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.4 Proto-Central Salish to Musqueam Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.8 Proto-Central Salish to Lummi Northern Straitsts → s
35.1.9 Proto-Central Salish to Saanich Northern Straitsts ts’ → {θ,s} θ’
35.1.10 Proto-Central Salish to Songish Northern Straitsts → s
35.1.11 Proto-Central Salish to Sooke Northern Straitsts → s
35.1.12 Proto-Central Salish to Pentlatchts ts’ → s ts’
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan La(r)ts (r)dz → (r)tsʰ (r)ts
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos KiaKts → ɡ.tsʰ.
ts (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.1.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to Hanniup k ts → p. k. tʃ.
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham Tots {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.3 Proto-rGyalrongic to Patits dʒ NTS → {s,tʃ.} tʃ. m
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Molts rts NTS PTS STS → lɖʐ rts. {mdzr,mtʃ} nt. sts
ts dʒ → tʃ. tʃ
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naots dz NTS KTS sTS → tʃ ts {ts,m} ɡts sp
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu Tats dz rdz dʒ → {ʈʂ,ʒ} tsj rtsʰ ʈʂ
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuts dzl NTS → {tʃ.,j} tsl m
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeetsn → hst
ts → s / h_
t ts k kʷ → d dz ɡ ɡʷ / _V
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayugats → hs / V_ ! _{h,i,j,r}
ts → s / ! _{h,i,j,r}
37.1.2.1.1 Cayuga to Upper Cayugats → s / _(h)r
37.1.2.1.2 Cayuga to Lower Cayugats → t / _(h)r
tʔ tsʔ kʔ kʷʔ → tʼ tsʼ kʼ kʷʼ
37.1.2.2 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Huronts → ʃ / _r
ts → s / ! _{i,j}
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondagats → hs / V_V ! _i
ts → s / ! _{h,i,j}
hts → tsh / C_V
ts → tʃ / _{(h)i,(h)j}
37.1.2.4 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Proto-Mohawk-Oneidats → hs / V_{t,k(ʷ)}
ts → s / ! _{h,i,j}
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Mohawk— ts → tʃ / _{(h)i,(h)j}
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneida ts → tʃ / _{(h)i,(h)j}
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Senecats → s / ! _{i,j}
{ths,tts} → tsh
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscarorats → tʃ / _{h,i,j}
ts → θ
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.5.3 Southwest Tai to Shants → sʲ
39 Tanoan39.1 Proto-Tanoan to Jimezts dz → s z
{tʰ,tsʰ} → ʃ
tsʼ → tʼ
39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowats tsʰ tsʼ dz → t tʰ tʼ d
39.3 Proto-Tanoan to Taosts tsʰ tsʼ dz → tʃ s tʃʼ j
39.4 Proto-Tanoan to Tewapʰ tʰ tsʰ → f θ s
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnictʃ tsʲ → ʃ sʲ / #_
ðʲ sʲ tsʲ(ː) lʲ → ð s ts(ː) l
42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnishpː tː tsː kː → pˑ tˑ tsˑ kˑ
p t ts s k → b d s z ɡ
{kt,pt} {kts,pts} → tː tːs
(t(ː))sn kx(tx) rn ln → sː xː rː lː
{ks,nts} nt → s t / _#
ts tsˑ tsː → s θˑ θː
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livoniant ts s(C) n l r → tʲ tsʲ sʲ(C) nʲ lʲ rʲ / _i
ts(ʲ) → s(ʲ) / ! n_
sʲ tsʲ zʲ dzʲ → ʃʲ tʃʲ ʒʲ dʒʲ
43 Uto-Aztecan43.1 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Comanchep t ts s → v r ∅ h
43.3 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Luiseñots → tʃ
43.4 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Nahuatls ts → ʃ tʃ / _i
43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuts → z / V_V
hts → z / V_i
43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhamts → s / _i
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basques̻ ts̻ → ʃ tʃ / {E,j}_ (mostly Biscayan)
s̻ ts̺ → s̺ ts̻ (Biscayan, partially in Guipuscoan, Donostia, San Sebastián, though these latter two may be varieties of Guipuscoan)
its̺ → tʃ / _# (Biscayan)
47 Most-Wanted Sound Changes47.1 List 1: Simple Consonant Changests → t (unconditional; some Samoyedic langs)
tš → t (general Baltic-Finnic; may not be unconditional but was certainly the most common outcome)

to /ts/

283 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.1 North Omotic to Benchtʃ → ts
6.1.1.2 North Omotic to Dizinʒ → {tʃ,ts}
6.1.1.4 North Omotic to Maalez → ts / Vj_
ts tsː → s ts / V_
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullaz → ts / Vj_
tsː → ts / V_
6.1.2.1 South Omotic to Aaritʃ → ts
6.1.2.2 South Omotic to Dimetʃ → ts
6.2 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Erythreantʃ dʒ → ts dz
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berber{ʃ,ts,z} dz tʃ {tʼ,tʃʼ} dʒ → s z ts tsʼ dʒ
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenakiʃ tʃ → s ts
ʔs ʔts → sː tsː
7.2 Proto-Algonquian to St. Francis Abenakiʃ tʃ → s ts
ʔs ʔts → sː tsː
7.3.2 Proto-Arapaho-Atsina to Gros Ventreʃ {θ,t} m k → s ts tʲ bʲ / _{i(ː),j,#}
7.4 Proto-Algonquian to Blackfoott → ts / _{i,e(ː),a}
7.7 Proto-Algonquian to Southern East Creetʃ → ts
7.8 Proto-Algonquian to Plains Creeʃ tʃ → s ts
7.9 Proto-Algonquian to Swampy Creetʃ → ts
7.10 Proto-Algonquian to Woods Creeʃ tʃ → s ts
7.12 Proto-Algonquian to Menomineeʃ tʃ → s ts
10 Austronesian10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorrob dz → p ts
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayt → ts / _V[+ high]
10.3.8 Proto-Oceanic to Tolomako{z,dr} → ts
10.6 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-PaiwanS1 s c → s t ts
10.7 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-RukaiS1 s d2 *C → s θ ð ts (not sure what *C stands for here)
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakhdz dʒ → {tsːʼ,z} {tsːʼ,dʒ}
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andi{ts,st} dz → s {tsːʼ,z}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarts tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → sh ts tʃʼ ts(ː)ʼ tsʼ
st(ː) → ts
tʃ tʃː tʃːʼ dʒ → ts(?) tʃ tʃ(ː)ʼ tsʼ
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargi{tsː,st} tsːʼ dz stː → ts z tsː s
tʃ tʃː dʒ → {tsʼ,tʃʼ} ʒ ts
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{tsː,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → ts tsʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lak{tsː,stː} dz st → sː {tsː,z} ts
tʃ tʃː dʒ → {ts,tʃ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} tʃ(ː)ʼ
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agul{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tː s z
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archi{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ stː dz → s {s,ʃ} tsʼ sː ts
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutul{ts,st} tsːʼ dz → {s,ts} {d,t} z
11.5.5 Proto-Lezgic to Tabassaran{ts,st} tsː tsːʼ → {s,ts} {ts,tʃ} tsː
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udits tsː tsʼ tsːʼ dz → {∅,s} tʃ {∅,tsʼ} {tsʼ,tʃʼ} z
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakhtsː tʃː → ts tʃ / #_
tsːʼ → tsː
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezic{ts,st} {tsːʼ,dz} → s ts
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgi{pʷ,pʲ} {p(ʲ)ː,bˤ} bʷ pʷʲ bʷʲ → p b f tsʲ dzʲ
tsʷː tsʷʲ → tsʷ (tʃ)
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → tsʲ(ʼ) dzʲ
tɬ tɬː tɬʼ dɮ → x ts {x,tsʼ} l
tɬʷ(ː) tɬʼ dɮʷ → tsʷ tsʼ(ʷ) l
12.1.1 Proto-Abazgi to Ashkharywa Abazatʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) v dz
12.1.2 Proto-Abazgi to Tapanta Abaza{tʃʷ(ʼ),tɕ} {dʒʷ,dʑ} → ts(ʼ) dz
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhaztʃʷ tʃʷʼ dʒʷ tɕ(ʼ) dʑ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) v dz
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Propertʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywatʃʷ tʃʷʼ tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f pʼ ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑ
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadztʃʷ(ʼ) tɕ(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) dʒʷ dʑ dʑʷ → f(ʼ) ts(ʼ) tɕʷ(ʼ) v dz dʑʷ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiantʷʲ tʷʲʼ → ts tsʼ
ts tsː dz → {s,c} tsː dz~z
tsʲ tsʲː tsʲʼ dzʲ → (s) tsː tsʼ dz~z
tsʲʷ tsʲʷ dzʲʷ → tsʲ tsʲʼ dzʲ
tʃ tʃʼ dʒ dʑ → s tsʲʼ(?) dz~z dʑ~ʑ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adyghetsʷ → tsʲʷ
12.2.1.1 Adyghe to Abadzekh Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷ ʃː tʃː tɕː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ ɕ tɕ tʃ kʷ qː qʷ
sʼ ʃʼ~ɕʼ → tsʼ ʃʼ
12.2.1.2 Adyghe to Bzhedug Adyghetsʷː → tsʲʷː
sʼ ʃʼ~ɕʼ → tsʼ ʃʼ
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
p(ʷ)ʼ t(ʷ)ʼ tsʼ tsʷʼ~ʃʷʼ → pˤ tˤ tsˤ ʂʷ
12.2.1.4 Adyghe to Temirgoy Adyghetsʲ(ː) tsʷ → tɕ tsʲʷ
pː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tʃː tɕː → p t ts tsʷʲ ʃ tʃ tɕ
sʼ ʃʼ~ɕʼ → tsʼ ʃʼ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardiansʼ(?) ʃʼ~ɕʼ → tsʼ ɕʼ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhts(ʲ)ː tsʷː dzʲ → ts tsʷ dz
tʃ(ʼ) dʒ → ts(ʼ) dz
tɬ tɬː tɬʼ dɮ → ɕ (sʲ) tsʲʼ ɮ
tɬʼ → tsʲʼ
tɬʷ(ː) tɬʷʼ dɮʷ → tsʷ ts(ʷ)ʼ w
tɬʷʲ tɬʷʲː tɬʷʲʼ dɮʷʲ → f dʑ tsʼ dʒ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.5 Proto-Eskimo to Kuskokwim Yup’iks → ts / in certain situations?
15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’iks → ts / in certain situations?
15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’iks → ts → tʃ / in some dialects?
15.2.8 Proto-Eskimo to Unaaliq Yup’iks → ts / in certain situations?
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albanianḱ → {ts,tʃ} (“[a]rchaic relic”)
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albanianḱ → {ts,tʃ} (“[a]rchaic relic”)
17.2.1 Common Anatolian to Hittitet → ts / _i ! s_
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenianɡ́ → ts (?)
{sk,ks} kj → tsʰ tʃʰ (?)
17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianḱ ɡ́ → ts dz
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germant → {ts,k} / _w
17.7.2.4 High German Cosonant Shift and Umlautp t k → pf ts kx / #_
p t k → pf ts kx / {L,N}_
pː tː kː → pf ts kx
17.7.2.5 West Germanic to Old Low Germank → ts / _E (ɡ → dz here?)
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norses → ts / {l,n}ː_
17.7.4 Common Germanic to Vandalictj → tsj
17.8.1 Proto-Indo-European to Aeolian Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.4 Proto-Indo-European to Coan Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.5 Proto-Indo-European to Cretan Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.6 Proto-Indo-European to Doric Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.7 Proto-Indo-European to Elian Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.9 Proto-Indo-European to Laconian Greekt → ts / _i
17.8.10 Proto-Indo-European to Mycenaean Greekt → ts / _i
17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittitet → ts / _{i,e}
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavick ɡ x → ts dz s / _{æː,i}
k ɡ x → ts dz s / “After some syllables with front vowels”
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishʃi ʒi tʃi dʒi ɕi ʑi → ʂɨ ʐɨ ʈʂɨ ɖʐɨ tsɨ ʒɨ
ʃ ʒ tʃ dʒ ɕ ʑ → ʂ ʐ ʈʂ ɖʐ ts ʒ
tɕts ʑr̝ → jts jr̝
ʈʂs → ts
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latin{t,d}t → tst → sː
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanlj rj kj ɡj → ʎ jr ts ʒ / V_V
k → ts → s / #_{i,e}
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchj tj → dʒ ts / #_
— (k)kj → ts
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italiantj ks w → ts sː ɡw
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesek → ts → s / #_{i,e}
dj → dz → ts → s / r_V
ndj → nts → ns → ɲ / V_V
kj → ts → s / V_V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençaltʃ → ts (sometimes)
tʃ → ts → s / #_
b {d,dz,dʒ} z ʒ ɡ → p {t,ts,tʃ} s ʃ k / _(s)#
tʃs → {ts,tʃ} (varies)
ms ns → mps nts (sporadic?)
{tʃ(ː),kʷ}j → ts
l{tj,tʃj} ldʒ → lts ldz → uts udz → us uz
{ntʃj,ndj} → nts → ns
ptj → ts → s
rtʃj → rts (→ rs ?)
rtj → rts → rs
rtVɡ → {rdʒ,rts(→ rs)}
rtj → rts → rs
tːj → ts → s
ndt ndtʃ ntʃ nkt nf → n{d,t} {nts,ndz(→ nz),ndʒ} n(t)s {ɲ,(i)nt,ntʃ} {nf,fː(→ f)}
rtʃ rdtʃ → r(t)s {rdz(→ rz),rts,rdʒ}
bk → pts / _a
βtʃ → u{ts,dz} → u{s,z}
ktʃ → its → is (else)
dtʃ → ts (in Auvergne and some western areas)
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniant d s → ts dz ʃ / _i
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to Sardiniank → ts / _i
l{i,j} → lː → {ts,dz,ldz,dʒ,lː} (“varies”)
n{i,j} t{i,j} → ndʒ ts / _V
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish{tj,kj} {tːj,kːj,ptj,ktj,skj} → ts tːs
k ɡ → tʃ dʒ → ts dz / _{j,i,e,ɛ}
pː tː kː sː tːs ʝː → p t k s ts ʝ
— tst dzd → ts dz
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tochariandz → ts
{t,dʱ} → ts / _y
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.3.2 Proto-Tuparí to Mekensts (n)dz → {s,ts} s
18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Cocamaʔ ts ŋ → ∅ {ts,tʃ} n
18.4.3 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guajajarat → ts / _{i,ı̃}
18.4.5 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guarayoʔ ts → {ʔ,∅} {ts,tʃ}
18.4.8 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Sirionót → {ts,tʃ} / _{i,ı̃}
19 Kartvelian19.1 Proto-Kartvelian to Georgianʈʂ {ʈʂʼ,tɬʼ} → ts tsʼ
19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zantʃ ʈʂ {tɬʼ,ʈʂʼ} tʃʼʼ → tʃk tʃ tʃʼ {tsʼkʼ,tʃʼkʼ}
20 Khoisan20.1.1 Proto-Khoe to ǁ̬Anats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.2 Proto-Khoe to ǁAnits → {ts,s}
20.1.3 Proto-Khoe to Bugats → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s}
20.1.5 Proto-Khoe to Namats dz kxʼ → {ts,s} d ∅
20.1.6 Proto-Khoe to Narots dz → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} dz~ts
20.1.7 Proto-Khoe to !Orats → {ts,s}
20.1.8 Proto-Khoe to Tetits dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.9 Proto-Khoe to Tsʔixats dz kxʼ → {ts~tsʰ,ts,s} z kʼ
20.1.10 Proto-Khoe to ǀ̬Uits → {ts~tsɦ,s}
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.4 Proto-Chibchan to Marocaceros → {ts,ʃ} / _i
s → {s,ts}
23.1.2 Proto-Lenmichian to Proto-Lencan{s,ts} → tsʼ
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.3 Proto-Tacanan to Reyesanotʃ ɕ → ts ʃ
25.1.4 Proto-Tacanan to Tacanatʃ → ts / _E
27 Mayan27.7 Proto-Mayan to Mameantʲ(ʼ) → ts(ʼ)
28 Muskogean28.1.1 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Alabamaʃ → ts
28.1.2 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Creekʃ → ts
28.1.3 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Hitchitiʃ → ts
28.1.4 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Korasatiʃ → ts
28.1.5 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Mikasuriʃ x → ts h
28.1.6 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Seminoleʃ x → ts h
28.2 Proto-Muskogean to Proto-Western Muskogeants tʃ → s ts
29 Na-Dene29.1 Proto-Na-Dene to Proto-Athabaskan-Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz s
29.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Eyakkʲ kʲʼ ɡʲ xʲ → ts tsʼ dz {s,ʃ}
29.2 Proto-Na-Dene to Tlingitts → ts : tɬ
tsʼ → {sʼ,tsʼ} : {ɬ,tɬʼ}
tʃ → {tʃ,ts} : tɬ
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswana{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n} → s tsʰ ts ɲ / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ntʃ,nk,r} {ɲdʒ,nɡ} mp mb p b {d,l} m n → s tsʰ ts tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) dʒ ŋw ɲ / _{ɪ,e}V
{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n,ɲ} → sw tsʰw tsw ɲw / _iV
{tʃ,k} {ɲtʃ,nk} {ndʒ,nɡ} → s tsʰ ts / _{i,ɪ,e}
30.3.1.1.9 Proto-Vhe to Avénok ɡ s → ts dz ʃ / _i
t d → ts dz / _j
30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándo{t,k} {d,ɡ} → ts dz / _i
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.3 Proto-Chatino to Yaitepec Chatinoc → ts
tʃ → ts / a_
ʃ → ts / _i, in monosyllables
33 Penutian33.1.1.3 Proto-Costanoan to Mutsunʈ → {ʈ,ts,tʃ} / _{j,ɾ}
33.3.1.1 General Yokuts to Buena Vista Yokutst tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words, conditioning factors unclear)”
33.3.2.2.4 Valley Yokuts to Chukchansitʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ
33.3.2.2.6 Valley Yokuts to Yawelmanitʃ tʃʰ tʃʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ (except in “lexicalized diminutives”, where these go to ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʈʂʼ)
33.3.3 Proto-Yokuts to Palewyamit tʰ tʼ → ts tsʰ tsʼ / #_ “(in some words; conditioning factors unclear)”
34 Quechumaran34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huaráspʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t ts k q
ts(h) tʃ → tʃ ts
tʃ → ts / _q
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambaʈʂʼ → ts
35 Salishan35.1.2 Proto-Central Salish to Chilliwack Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.3 Proto-Central Salish to Cowichan Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.4 Proto-Central Salish to Musqueam Halkomelemts(ʼ) tʃ(ʼ) → θ(ʼ) ts(ʼ)
35.1.5 Proto-Central Salish to Klallamp(ʼ) m → ts(ʼ) ŋ / ! _u
tʃ → ts
tʃʼ → tsʼ / medially
35.1.8 Proto-Central Salish to Lummi Northern Straitstʃ’ → ts’ / medially
35.1.10 Proto-Central Salish to Songish Northern Straitstʃ’ → ts’ / medially
35.1.11 Proto-Central Salish to Sooke Northern Straitstʃ’ → ts’ / medially
35.1.12 Proto-Central Salish to Pentlatchts ts’ → s ts’
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàb d dz ɡ → {p,pʼ} {t,tʼ} {ts,tsʼ} {k,kʼ}
z → {s,tsʼ} (the former “without exception” “in oblique tone words”)
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan LaNTS PTS KTS sTS çTS → {Ndz,mts} kts(ʰ) ptsʰ sts {sts,rj}
(r)ts (r)dz → (r)tsʰ (r)ts
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiakj Nkj ʔkj ɡj sɡj → kj. nj ɡ.tsʰ kj skj.
Kts → ɡ.tsʰ.
ts (r)dz dʒ PTS KTS sTS çTS → {tsʰ,s} (r)ts tsʰ ɡ.ts s.{ts,pj} {s.ts,br}
36.3.2.1.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to Hanniuçl → rts
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham ToNkj ɡj sɡj → mj ts stʃj
ts {dz,KTS} NTS rdz dzl dʒ → s ts {dz,mtʃ.} rts tsl tʃ.
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtsets (r)dz dzl dʒ NTS PTS Kts KTS sTS çTS → tsʰ (r)ts Ndz tsl ts ptç ktç kts sts {s,ç}ts
36.3.2.2.4 Proto-rGyalrongic to Suo Moɡj → cç ? (might be → tsç?)
lts rts NTS PTS STS → lɖʐ rts. {mdzr,mtʃ} nt. sts
36.3.2.2.5 Proto-rGyalrongic to Trungdʒ → tsh
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku Naoz → ts / r_
ts dz NTS KTS sTS → tʃ ts {ts,m} ɡts sp
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaNp Nb Nt Nɡ Nç → sts mp mtʰ mk ntsʰdz
NTS KTS lTS → mʈʂ {kts,ʈʂʰ} bɖʐ
ts dz rdz dʒ → {ʈʂ,ʒ} tsj rtsʰ ʈʂ
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuk kr kj ɡ → k. k.r ts. ɡ
ts dzl NTS → {tʃ.,j} tsl m
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1 Proto-Siouan-Iroquoian to Proto-Iroquoiant → ts / _{i,ı̃}
tʰ → ts / _i
r → ts / _i
37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeek kʷ → ts k / _i
ks → ts / _V
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayugans → ts / _k(ʷ)
ths → tsh
37.1.2.1.2 Cayuga to Lower Cayugatʔ tsʔ kʔ kʷʔ → tʼ tsʼ kʼ kʷʼ
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondagans → ts / _k(ʷ)
hts → tsh / C_V
37.1.2.4 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Proto-Mohawk-Oneidans → ts / _{t,k(ʷ)}
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneidaths → tsh
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Seneca{ths,tts} → tsh
37.2.5 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Crow-Hidatsas ç {tʲ,x} → ts x ʃ
37.2.5.1 Proto-Crow-Hidatsa to Crowk → ts / _i
sk → tsk / _”V
37.2.5.2 Proto-Crow-Hidatsa to Hidatsasn → tsV0rV0
sk → tsuk / _”u
sk kx → tsk hk / _”V
sk → hts / ”V_
37.2.6.1 Proto-Dhegiha to Kansat → ts / _ʔ
37.2.6.3 Proto-Dhegiha to Osaget → ts / _E
t → ts / _ʔ
pr sr tʲr kr → bð sts ʃd ɡð
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.3.2 Central Tai to Nungtʃ tʃʰ dʒ → ʃ tsʰ {ʃ,tʃ}
40 Totozoquean40.1 Proto-Totozoquean to Proto-Mixe-Zoqueannʲ tʲ tʃ kʲ → n t s ts k
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicðʲ sʲ tsʲ(ː) lʲ → ð s ts(ː) l
tʃ → ts / _k, in South Estonian
t → ts / _i ! following a coronal obstruent or “before a derivational suffix”
tj → ts / ! following a coronal obstruent or “before a derivational suffix”
42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnishpː tː tsː kː → pˑ tˑ tsˑ kˑ
{kt,pt} {kts,pts} → tː tːs
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnishθ(ː) ð → ts d (this latter does have some highly sporadic exceptions; additionally, in some dialects these may become {t(ː),h~t} and {r,∅}, respectively)
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livoniant ts s(C) n l r → tʲ tsʲ sʲ(C) nʲ lʲ rʲ / _i
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basques̻ ts̺ → s̺ ts̻ (Biscayan, partially in Guipuscoan, Donostia, San Sebastián, though these latter two may be varieties of Guipuscoan)

with context involving /ts/

36 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1 Proto-Omotic to North Omotice → i / #{s,ʃ,tsʼ}_{k(w),ʔ}
e o → i u / #{k(ʼ),x}_{t(ʼ),tsʼ}
e o → i u / #P_{tsʼ,tʃʼ}
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicŋ → ∅ / V_{ts,q}
17 Indo-European17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycianj → ∅ / ts_
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard GermanV → Vː / _r{t,d,s,ts} (except /ə/)
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishd → ∅ / r_ts
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalb → ∅ / _ts
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romaniani → ∅ / {ts,dz,S}_V
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— Vdz → ∅ / {nts,ndz,rdz_
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to Kpándoj → ∅ / {ts,dz}_
34 Quechumaran34.5 Proto-Quechumaran to Putamayoh → ∅ / ts_
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitoh → ∅ / ts_
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambah → ∅ / ts_
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenah → ∅ / ts_
35 Salishan35.3 Shuswap to Eastern Shuswap Nasal-to-Vowel Shiftsen enˀ → i iʔ / {ts(’),s,j(ˀ)}_ in U[- stressed]
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeej → ∅ / ts_
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayugaj → ∅ / ts_
37.1.2.2 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Huronk → h / _{t,ts,s,ʃ}
j → ∅ / ts_
37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandoth → ∅ / {t,ts,s,k}_
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondagah → ∅ / _{k,t,ts,s}#
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Mohawk∅ → e / {tsh,s,n}_r
— j → ∅ / ts_
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneidah → ∅ / k_{s,ts}
h → ∅ / {st,tst}_
h → ∅ / ts_r ! “in pre-pausal forms, see also below”
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Senecaj → ∅ / _ts
k → ∅ / _hts
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscarora”V → ”Vː / _{k(ʷ),(ˀ)t}{s,R,H} (“penultimate syllables only”)
h → ∅ / k_{s,ts,tʃ}
42 Uralic42.1 Proto-Uralic to Pre-Finnicm → n / _{t,tsʲ,#}
42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicn → ∅ / _{s,ts}
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuh → ∅ / V_tsV
43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhami → ∅ / ts_#
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqueu ũ → y ỹ / _{s̻,ts̺,ts̻} (but not _s̺) (Souletin)