Index Diachronica: involving /w/

469 results from /w/   367 results to /w/   154 results with context involving /w/   

plain

from /w/

469 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omoticw → ∅ / #C_V, except _i(ː)
6.1.1 Proto-Omotic to North OmoticCw → C
6.2.2 Proto-Erythrean to Proto-North ErythreanV{j,w} → Vː / C_C
6.2.2.1.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Boreafrasian{ɲ,ŋw} → n
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berberxw → ɣw → ħ
ɡwVq → ʕ
k(w) → tʃ / #_Vt
ɡ(w) → dʒ / #_Vd
6.2.2.1.4 Proto-Boreafrasian to Proto-Semiticɣ(w) → ɡ / #_Vx
kʼ(w) → k / #dlV_
w → ∅ / _C
6.2.2.1.5 Proto-Semitic to Classical ArabicV{j,w}V → aː / some sequences
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabicw → v / _%
wː → v
6.2.2.1.7 Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabicaj aw → eː oː / in U[+closed]
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicaj aw → eː(ʲ) oː(ʷ) (sometimes, the article is unclear)
— j w → i u / #_CV
— j w → iː uː / #_CC
6.2.2.1.11 Classical Arabic to Iraqi Arabicaj aw → eː oː
6.2.2.1.12 Classical Arabic to Eastern Libyan Arabicaj aw → e(ː,j) o(ː,w)
6.2.2.1.13 Classical Arabic to Western Libyan Arabicaj aw → eː oː
6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabicaj aw → {aj,eː,iː aw,oː,uː}
6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrew— aw → aːw
— aj aw → eː oː
6.2.2.1.19 Biblical Hebrew to Modern Israeli Hebreww θ ð ɣ → v t d ɡ (sometimes)
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenakiiw → o / _#
w → ∅ / _# ! k(ː)_
w → ∅ / C_ ! C = K
7.2 Proto-Algonquian to St. Francis Abenakiiw → o / _#
w → ∅ / _# ! k(ː)_
w → ∅ / C_ ! C = K
7.3 Proto-Algonquian to Proto-Arapaho-Atsinawe → o
7.4 Proto-Algonquian to Blackfoothkw → ʔk
nkw → ʔː
w → j / {r,k}_i#
w → ∅ / C_
{jiː,ja,ahi} {owaː,awa,awe} awi {iːwa,eːwa,aji,aje,ani} → i oː o(ji) iː / C_C
eLwi → iː
i(ː)wi → iː / medially
i(ː)wi → i / _#
w → j / _i
w → ∅ / {a,o}_iC
{we,wiː} → o / #_
7.5 Proto-Algonquian to Cheyennew j → {v,o} {t,e}
7.6 Proto-Algonquian to Northern East Creewe → o
lwi → jo
wi → o / C_
7.7 Proto-Algonquian to Southern East Creewe → o
lwi → jo
wi → o / C_
7.8 Proto-Algonquian to Plains Creewe → o
lwi → jo
wi → o / C_
7.9 Proto-Algonquian to Swampy Creewe → o
lwi → jo
wi → o / C_
7.10 Proto-Algonquian to Woods Creewe → o
lwi → jo
wi → o / C_
7.11 Proto-Algonquian to Munsee Delawarew → ∅ / m_C
w → ∅ / {p,m}_#
w → ∅ / ! {k,p,m}_
kw pw mw → kʷ pʷ mʷ
we → wə → oː / ! adjacent to {p,m,k}
7.12 Proto-Algonquian to Menomineewe je → o i / _C
we → o / #_
w → ∅ / h_V
{w,j} → ∅ / C_#
wi(ː) → o(ː) / C_w
{wiː,jiː,weː,jeː,wæː,jæː} {wi,ji,we,je,wæ,jæ} → iː i / C_
wa ja → uə̯ iə̯ / C_
7.14 Proto-Algonquian to Mi’kmaqo(ː) waː eː iː → u o e i
(aw)aha → aː
{awa,iwa,iwi} → uː
{o,a}wi → oː
7.15 Proto-Algonquian to Ojibwewe e → o i
w → ∅ / {t,r}_i
{j,w}V[-long] → ∅ / C_# in disyllables with Vː or in tri(-plus-)syllables
{w,j}V[-long] → ∅ / Vː_# (Whimemsz is unsure if this change is across-the-board or not)
7.17 Proto-Algonquian to Shawneewe → o
w → ∅ / t_i
wa → o / #_
8 Altaic8.1.1 Early Middle Japanese to Modern Japanese(w)e → je
w → ∅ / ! _{a,o}
w → ∅ / _o
w → ∅ / k_a
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchakew (→ øj) → yj
8.5.1.1 Proto-Kypchak to Kazakhw → ∅ / ɯ_
8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyz{u,ɯ}w {i,y}w aw {æ,e}w → uː yː oː øː
9 Austroasiatic9.1.1 Proto-Vietic to Muong Khenw → ∅ / tʰV_k (conjectured)
9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnamese{β,w} {dʲ,ɟ} → v z
w → ∅ / tV_wk (conjectured)
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnamese{β,w} → bj~vj~v
w → ∅ / tV_wk (conjectured)
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawanw → ∅ / #_
iw uj → {i,?} i / _#
— aj aw → ej ow / _#
— aj aw → e ow / _#
10.1.1.1 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to Balinesew → b / i_#
ej ow → i u
10.1.1.2 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to Sasakiw ow ej → i o e / _#
10.1.1.3 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to Sumbawanw → ∅ / i_#
ej ow → e o / _#
10.1.1.5 Proto-Polynesian to Luangiuaw → v
10.1.2.1 Proto-Philippine to Bicoliw → uj
10.1.2.2 Proto-Philippine to Cebuanoiw → uj
10.1.2.3 Proto-Philippine to Hiligaynoniw → uj
10.1.2.4 Proto-Philippine to Ibanagiw → uj
10.1.2.6 Proto-Philippine to Ilocanoiw → uj
10.1.2.8 Proto-Philippine to Kankanayiw → uj
10.1.2.9 Proto-Philippine to Tagaloguj iw → oj uj / _#
10.1.2.10 Proto-Philippine to Warayiw → uj
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batakw → ∅ / i_#
10.2.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Chamicwa → u / #_
w → ∅ / #_
i iw u → ɔj ? ɔw / _#
10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorroiw → u
j w → dz ɡʷ
10.2.3 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayicw → ∅ / #_
{iw,uj} → i / _#
— aj aw → i u / _#
— aj aw → aj aw / _#
10.2.4 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayo-Javanic— aw aj → əw əj / _#
— aw aj → aw aj / _#
10.2.4.1 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to Javaneseiw uj → ju i / _#
— əw əj → i u / _#
— aw aj → e ó / _#
10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Madureseij uw → uj {uj,ój} / _#
10.2.4.3 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to Sundanesew → {∅,c} / #_
iw uj → {ju,i} oj / _#
— əw əj → o e / _#
— aw aj → o aj / _#
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauanaj aw uj → e o i
wa → o / #_ when unstressed
{aw,əw} → o / _#
wə → u / #_
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputw j → v ɟ
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghj w → z v
10.3 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Oceanice {uj,iw} → o i
aw → o / _#
10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to Caaàcpː pwː tː ʈː qː kː → pʰ pwʰ cʰ tʰ h jʰ
{p,pw,k} → ∅ / V_V
10.3.5.2 Proto-New Caledonia to Jawépː pwː t̪ː tː kː cː → pʰ hʷ t̪ʰ tʰ h jʰ
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-Fwaipː pwː tː t̪ː kː cː → f hʷ t̪ʰ tʰ h jʰ
bw mw → ɡ ŋ
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-Nêlêmwapw p t ʈ k c → (v)w v r l ɣ j / V_V
pw → w
pwʰ pʰ tʰ kʰ → fw f rʰ x / in Nelemwa
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to Nyelâyup pw t̪ ʈ c → v (v)w r l j / V_V
pw → w (sporadic)
pː pwː tː qː cː → pʰ pwʰ tʰ h cʰ
w → ɣ (sporadic, conditioning unknown)
10.3.5.6 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwaameipː pwː tː ʈ kː cː → f hʷ tʰ lʰ h s
bw mw → ɡ ŋ
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwâpː pwː t̪ː tː kː cː → pʰ xʷ t̪ʰ tʰ x s
p pw t {k,c} → {v,∅} w l ∅ / V_V
bw mw → ɡw ŋw (→ ɡ ŋ / _V[+ rounded])
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagapː pwː t̪ː tː ʈː cː kː → pʰ pwʰ t̪ʰ tʰ ʈʰ jʰ h
p pw t̪ ʈ k c → v w ð l ∅ j / V_V
10.3.9 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Utupuaw → ∅ (? Tanibili [w] may just be phonetically determined)
10.3.9.3 Proto-Utupua to Tanibilipʷ bw → p b
10.3.10.1 Proto-Vanikoro to Bumapʷ bw mʷ → p b m
10.3.10.2 Proto-Vanikoro to Tanemapʷ w → b ∅
10.3.10.3 Proto-Vanikoro to Vanow → {∅,w}
10.3.11 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Southern Vanuatuq (→ kw ?) → v (rare)
10.3.11.1 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Anejomw → v
10.3.11.3 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Proto-Tanna{vʷ,w} → kʷ
10.5.2 Proto-Ongan to Onge{w,r} → ∅ / {a,e}_#
aw → o
10.6.2 Proto-Paiwan to Central Paiwanw → v / _#
13 Chumashan13.3 Proto-Chumash to InseñoˀN ˀw → N w
13.4 Proto-Chumash to Obispeñoˀw → w (may have remained glottalized)
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.1 Proto-Elamo-Dravidian to Proto-Dravidianw → v / #_{i,e}lV
w → v / V_
14.2 Proto-Elamo-Dravidian to Achaemanid Elamitew → ú / V_ (McAlpin uses the accented-vowel notation due to some apparent height-contrast neutralizations before /a/)
17 Indo-European17.2.1 Common Anatolian to Hittitew → m / _u
w → m / u_
aj aw → ɛː uː / !_{s,n,r,l}
17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycianw → b / C_
17.2.4 Common Anatolian to Lydianw (→ v?) → f / s_
17.2.5 Common Anatolian to Palaicw → j / “in *díwots > Tiyaz ‘sun-god’; conditioning unknown”
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
17.4.1 Proto-Indo-European to Avestanhw → ŋʷh / a_a
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irishw → f / #_
w → ∅ / {#,C}C_
w → ∅ / {θ,x}_
w → ∅ / V_{V,#}
w → v / else
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshw → ɡw / #_
17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianoi wo wj ow → ai wa vi aw
{kʷ,kw} {ɡʷ,ɡw} → tʃ dʒ (→ s~z z ?) / _E
{kʷ,kw} {ɡʷ,ɡw} → k ɡ / else
17.7 Proto-Indo-European to Common Germanic{i,j} {u,w} → j w / V[+short]C_
{i,j} {u,w} → ij uw
17.7.1 Common Germanic to Gothic— ew → iw
iw → ju / [- stress]
w → u̯ / V[- long]_{#,C}
w → ∅ / oː_j
oːw æːj → ɔː ɛː / _V
Vw → u / _s (to wit, the vowel is deleted and the *w syllabifies)
17.7.2.1.2 Old English to Kentish Middle Englisheːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
17.7.2.1.3 Old English to Midlands Middle Englisheːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
17.7.2.1.5 Early Modern English to American Englishw → ∅ / C_ɹ for some C (toward(s), quart(er), sword)
17.7.2.1.8 Old English to Northern Middle Englisheːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scotsxw → ʍ
{w,k} → ∅ / _{n,r}
17.7.2.1.12 Old English to Southern Middle Englisheːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
17.7.2.1.14 Anglo-Frisian to Old Frisianaj aw ew → {eː,aː} aː ja
17.7.2.2.1 Old Low Franconian to Middle Dutchiw → yw (dialectal)
{uː,uw} u → ɔw o (except in the southeast)
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germanw j → b ɡ / {l,r}_ (occasionally otherwise)
w → ∅ / {ou,øy,yː}_
w → v
aːw → au
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norsewi → u / Ci_C
{æ,e}ː(w(a)) → aː
(w)u(ː) i(ː) → (w)o(ː) e(ː) / _(C)(C)a ! CC = NC or one C = {ʀ,j}
w{o,u}ːwuː j{e,i}ːjiː → uː iː
w → ∅ / _w
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norseb {w,v} d ð ɡ → p f t θ k / _#
a(i) {e,w{æ,i}} {we,ei} (w)ɪ → ey ø y ʏ / w_ ! hw_
w → ∅ / C_o
waː naː → oː noː / %u in #U
{(j)u,we}ː {o,ɒ}ː aː au → yː øː æː æy
{u,we,wi} {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)i
wa we wi → ɒː øː yː / #P_
w → ∅ / #P_Vː
{v,w} → ∅ / #_V[+ round]
ai wi (w)V → eː weː (w)Vː / _h#
{æ,e}i ai au w{ɪ,i} wy wV iu Vː → eː aː oː weː woː wVː eː oː V
hw → ∅ / ! #_
woː wøː jæː Vː → wo wøje V[- long] / _%
w → v / #_
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicwaː → wo
w → v
17.7.3.1.2 Old Norse to Orkney Nornhw hj → {w,ʍ} ʃ
17.7.4 Common Germanic to Vandalicwː → ɡ
w → {ɡw,v} / #_
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekw → ∅
ej ow → eː oː
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic GreekVCw → VːC
w → ∅
ej ow → eː oː happened “in the various Ionic dialects at various dates”
17.9 Proto-Indo-European to Hittitew → m / u_
17.10.1.1 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Central Middle Indo-Aryana{i,j}(a) a{u,w}(a) → e o
j w → dʒ b / V_V
17.10.1.2 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Eastern Middle Indo-Aryana{i,j}(a) a{u,w}(a) → e o
j w → dʒ b / V_V
17.10.1.3 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Northwestern Middle Indo-Aryana{i,j}(a) a{u,w}(a) → e o
j w → dʒ b / V_V
17.10.1.4 Proto-Indo-Aryan to Western Middle Indo-Aryana{i,j}(a) a{u,w}(a) → e o
j w → dʒ b / V_V
17.10.1.5.1 Vedic Sanskrit to Classical Sanskritw → v
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavicw → v
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishw → ∅ / {r,b}_
w → ∅ / C_#
w → ∅ / C_C (sporadic)
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latinaw → oː (in rustic dialects)
aw → au
{ew,ow} → ou → uː
w → u / t_
w → ∅ / s_o
dw → b
w → ∅ / ɡV_{l,r}
17.12.1.1.1 Classical Latin vs. Vulgar Latinw → β
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanu → w → ∅ / (“when in unstressed penult or between first and tonic syllables; irregular”)
w → ∅ / u_#
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to French— w → ɡu / “from Germanic loanwords”
oi → wɛ → wa
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italiantj ks w → ts sː ɡw
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portuguesew → u / _”V
w → ∅ / _V
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalw → v → ∅ / _u (“restored by analogy in many words”)
w → v → ∅ / _”o
w → v → β
w → ∅ / C_B (when from earlier B?)
— Loaned w → ɡw
βw tw → wː dw → ɡʷ ɡʷ → ɡ ɡ
{d,k}w → ɡʷ → ɡ
{l,r}w {n,ŋk,ŋɡ}w → lɡʷ ŋɡʷ → lɡ ŋɡ
pw → upw → up → ub
w → ∅ / s_ ?
17.12.1.1.8 Latin to Romanianw → ∅ / {k,ɡ}_
17.12.1.1.9 Latin to Sardinian{b,v,w} → ∅ / V_V
kw ɡw → pː bː / #_ (“[o]nly Logudorese”)
w → ∅ / #k_V
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanish— βɣ → wɣ → ɣw
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianow aw ew → ɛu au əw
17.13.1 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian A{a,ɛ}u əw → o u
{kʷ,kw} → k
17.13.2 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian B{a,ɛ}u əw → au u
w → ∅ / _j
C[+ coronal]w → Cː
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Cocamaw → ∅ / k_w
w → u / k_
18.4.8 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Sirionów → {ɡ,k} / {#,V}_
19 Kartvelian19.1 Proto-Kartvelian to Georgianw → v
19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zanw → v
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1 Proto-Lenmichian to Proto-Chibchanw → ∅
23.1.1.1.2 Proto-Chibchan to Chibchaw → {w,∅}
23.1.1.1.5 Proto-Chibchan to Motilón{w,m} → b
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.3 Proto-Tacanan to Reyesanow → β / _E ?
25.1.4 Proto-Tacanan to Tacanaw → β / _E
26 Mande26.1 Proto-Mande to Bobow → ɡ
26.5 Proto-Mande to Kono-Vai{ɡ,w,kp} kpʼ ɡb → k kp b
26.6 Proto-Mande to Southwest Mandew → ɡ
26.7 Proto-Mande to Mandekanw j → k dʒ
26.11 Proto-Mande to Semblatʼ {kʼ,ɡ,w} → {t,d} k
26.12 Proto-Mande to Soninka{w,ŋ} → j
26.13 Proto-Mande to Susuw → x
27 Mayan27.3 Proto-Mayan to Huastecanw → b
27.5 Proto-Mayan to Kaqchikel-Tz’utujilɓ w → ʔ j / VCV_#
28 Muskogean28.2.1 Proto-Western Muskogean to Chickasawaw → o
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’anw → v (→ w in Shageluk dialect)
29.1.1.1.10 Proto-Athabaskan to Easter Gwich’inj w → ʒ v
29.1.1.1.12 Proto-Athabaskan to Holikachukw (→ b?) → m
29.1.1.1.14 Proto-Athabaskan to Lower Koyukonw (→ b?) → m
29.1.1.1.15 Proto-Athabaskan to Upper Koyukonw → m / _Vn (sporadic)
w → b
30 Niger-Congo30.2.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic to Proto-Akanicɰ ɰ̃ w̃ → h h̃ h̃ʷ / #_
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Genw → ŋ
30.3.1.1.7 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Vhew → ɣ / _{a,E}
w → {w,ŋ}
31 Nyulnyulan31.1 Proto-Nyulnyulan to Bardi{w,j} → ∅ / #_
{w,j} → ∅ / V0_V0
awu → o
i{w,j} → ∅ / _a, when unstressed
32 Oto-Manguean32.2 Proto-Oto-Manguean to Tlapanec{ns,nt} nkʷ nj nw → (n)d (m)b r m
34 Quechumaran34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarásaw aj {uj,ij} → uː eː iː
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagow → ∅ / V_V
w → m / _%N
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenaw → ∅ / #_i
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to Comoxw j → ɡ dʒ / _V
35.1.5 Proto-Central Salish to Klallamw j → kʷ tʃ / _V
35.1.6 Proto-Central Salish to Lushootseedw j → ɡʷ dz / _V
35.1.9 Proto-Central Salish to Saanich Northern Straitsj w → tʃ kʷ / _V
35.1.10 Proto-Central Salish to Songish Northern Straitsj w → tʃ kʷ / _V
35.1.11 Proto-Central Salish to Sooke Northern Straitsj w → tʃ kʷ / _V
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1 Proto-Sino-Tibetan to Middle ChineseKw → Kʷ- / _a-
Kwə- → Kʷɨ-
w → r → ∅ / P_-
36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old Mandarinw → o / Cʲ_?w
w → ∅ / C̣Cʲ_?w (“optional”)
w → ∅ / w?_
wʲ → w / _?Cʲ
wʲ → w / _aŋ
wʲ → w / C̣_oŋ
36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàw → u / _V
w → {v,u}
iʔ iw → eʔ ew / C̣_ (the latter with variant iɛu?)
jew → au / C̣(C?)_
jew → iau / else
wɔ → ɔ (occasionally → uɔ after a guttural?)
wɔʔ → uɔʔ / C[+guttural]_
wɔʔ → ɔʔ / else
wɔn ja wa → uɔn ia ua
waʔ → aʔ / C[+labiodental]_
waʔ → uaʔ
aj jaj waj aw jaw → ai iai uai au iau
awʔ → ɔʔ (“Trigault gives a variant in -ɛʔ, which becomes general in the later GH varieties”)
{jawʔ,wawʔ} → ɔʔ / C̣_
jawʔ wawʔ → iɔʔ uɔʔ
wan → an / C[+labiodental]_
wan → uan / else
waŋ → uaŋ
əjʔ əw {əm,ən} → eʔ ɛu ɛn
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan Law → ʔ / something to do with either back vowels or prefixes
ew iw → im ju
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiaw → ∅ / ŋ_
iw → jo
36.3.2.1.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to HanniuC[+ sibilant]w → s
36.3.2.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Kham ToC[+ sibilant]w ç Pç Nç çl → s ʂ ʃ mʃ ʃl
ŋ(w) N{ŋ,nj} → ȵ mɳ
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog Rtse*w → ʔ / something to do either with back vowels or prefixes
ew iw → i jo
36.3.2.2.5 Proto-rGyalrongic to TrungC[+ sibilant]w → s
36.3.2.2.6 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tsa Ku NaoC[+ sibilant]w → sj
ew e ej → ə i ei
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaC[+ sibilant]w ç → swdz sdz
ŋ(w) → ȵ(wj)
aw aj → au ai
iw ij → iu ei
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuew → i
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1 Proto-Siouan-Iroquoian to Proto-Iroquoianw → ∅ / _{o,õ,ı̃}
37.1.1 Proto-Iroquoian to Cherokeew → ∅ / h_i
w → ∅ / t(h)_
{wV,jV} → Vː[+low falling tone]
a(ː)wẽ(ː) → a(ː)ma(ː)
37.1.2.2 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Huron{r,w} → ∅ / _j
w → ∅ / #_
w → ∅ / _{r,#}
37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotw j → m ɲ / between two vowels of unlike nasality
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to OnondagaVw → Vː / _{r,j}
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Mohawkw → ∅ / _jh
— wə̃ → ũ / {h,s}_
— wh → f
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Senecahw → ∅ / õ_
w → ∅ / _{r,j}
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscaroraw → ∅ / _jh
n r w j → n̥ r̥ w̥ j̊ / _{#,O}
37.1.2.6.1 Tuscarora to Western Tuscaroraw → ∅ / _j
r̥ w̥ j̊ → s f ʃ
37.2.2 Proto-Siouan to Dakotaw → p / _t
37.2.3 Proto-Siouan to Mandanw → m
37.2.4 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Čiwere-Winnebagow → ∅ / _t
37.2.5 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Crow-Hidatsawt → wV0tV0
37.2.6 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Dhegihaw → ∅ / _t
w → β (sporadic, allophonic)
37.2.6.1 Proto-Dhegiha to Kansaw → b / #_
37.2.6.2 Proto-Dhegiha to Omaha-Poncaw → m / #_
37.2.6.3 Proto-Dhegiha to Osagew → b / #_
37.2.7 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Ohio-Valley{w,m} → ∅ / _t
37.2.7.1 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Biloxiw → ∅ / #_ (sporadic)
37.2.7.2 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Ofow → ∅ / #_ (sporadic)
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.1 Proto-Tai to Ahomw → ∅ / m_
38.1.1.2 Proto-Tai to Saekw → ∅ / m_
38.1.1.3 Proto-Tai to Central Tai{m,w} → v
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Taimw f → f {f,v,w,h}
{w,m} → v
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taiw → ∅ / m_
39 Tanoan39.2 Proto-Tanoan to Kiowaw → j
41 Trans-New Guinea41.5.1.2 Proto-Gorokan to North ForeNw Nm N{n,j} → ŋk mp nt
41.5.1.3 Proto-Gorokan to South ForeNw Nm N{n,j} → ŋk mp nt
41.5.2.1 Proto-Kainantu to AuyanaN{w,d,r} nj → ŋk nt (not sure if *nj is supposed to be *ɲɟ)
41.5.2.2 Proto-Kainantu to Awaʔw ʔb ʔd ʔɡ → m p t k
41.5.2.3 Proto-Kainantu to Gadsupnw nr → mb nd
41.5.2.4 Proto-Kainantu to UsarufaN{w,r} Nj → ʔk ʔt
42 Uralic42.1 Proto-Uralic to Pre-Finniciw ow → y uː / _(C) (*)
Aw → o / unstressed (possibly analogical)
iw → u / unstressed
42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicuwa → oː (*)
Uwi ewi → oː øː
wI → i
uw ij → ow ej / _C
w → ∅ / o_st (*)
w → ʋ
42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnishj w → i U / V_{C,#}
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianw → ʋ / #_o
wo → ʊ / P_
43 Uto-Aztecan43.1 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Comanche{w,j} → ∅ / medial
43.2 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Hopiw → l / {#,V[+low]}_V[+low]
w → ŋʷ / ɨn_
43.4 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Nahuatlw → ∅ / _o
43.5.1.2 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Monokw → q / _a
43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhamw → ɡ
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basque{w,y} → ∅ / _ja
{w,β}h → f
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.1 Proto-Pai to Chapai{w,j} → ∅ / a_
45.1.2 Proto-Pai to Paipaiaw aj → o e
46 Vowel Shifts46.7 Great Vowel Shift (English)iː uː → əj əw → ɑj ɑw
aː ɔː → ɛː oː → eː ow → ej (əw)
46.14 Pre-Slavic Vowel Changesew → ju
aw → u
47 Most-Wanted Sound Changes47.1 List 1: Simple Consonant Changesw → p (Navajo, some Polynesian languages)
47.2 List 2: Conditional or complex consonant changesw → f (Common Celtic; I’m not sure of the conditions)

to /w/

367 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.1.3 North Omotic to Kafab → w / _$#
h2 → w / #_
6.1.1.4 North Omotic to Maaleb → w / V_V
h2 → w / #_
6.1.1.5 North Omotic to Shekkachob → w / V_V
h2 → w / #_
6.1.1.6 North Omotic to Wolayttab → w / V_V
6.1.1.7 North Omotic to Yemsab → w / V_V
h2 → w / #_
6.1.1.8 North Omotic to Zayse-Zergullab → w / V_V
6.2.1.1.3 Proto-Agaw to Kemantneyxʷ ɢʷ → w ɣʷ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtanga{xʷ,ɢʷ} → w / else
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berberxw → ɣw → ħ
qu → w / _{f,s} (sporadic)
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicʔ → {∅,j,w} / depending on the environment; again, the article is unclear
6.2.2.1.12 Classical Arabic to Eastern Libyan Arabicaj aw → e(ː,j) o(ː,w)
6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabicaj aw → {aj,eː,iː aw,oː,uː}
6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrew— aw → aːw
7 Algonquian7.3.1 Proto-Arapaho-Atsina to Arapahoʃ m → x w / _B
ʃ m → x w / B_#
7.3.2 Proto-Arapaho-Atsina to Gros Ventreʃ θ m → θ t w / _o(ː)
7.11 Proto-Algonquian to Munsee Delawarewe → wə → oː / ! adjacent to {p,m,k}
8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonicb → w / ! _{a,ə,Vj}
8.1.1 Early Middle Japanese to Modern Japaneseɸ → w / V_V
∅ → w / _o
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchakv → w
ɣ → w / {a,u,i,o}_
{e,æ}b ub → ew uw
ɡ → w / V_
f → w / _V
8.5.2 Proto-Turkic to Sakhao oɡ ø øɡ iɡ → wo ɥø oː øː iː
a{ɡ̌(ɯ),b} {o{ɡ̌,b},aɡ̌u} u{ɡ̌,b} → ɰa wo uː
9 Austroasiatic9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnamese{pj,bj} {tj,dj} {cj,ɟj} → {β,w} dʲ ɟ
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan— aj aw → ej ow / _#
— aj aw → e ow / _#
10.1.2.7.2 Proto-Kalamian to Karamiananenβ → w / V[+ high]_a
10.2.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Chamici iw u → ɔj ? ɔw / _#
10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorro∅ → w / u_a
∅ → w / a_u
∅ → w / #_V
10.2.3 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayic— aj aw → aj aw / _#
10.2.4 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayo-Javanic— aw aj → əw əj / _#
— aw aj → aw aj / _#
10.2.4.1 Proto-Malayo-Javanic to Javaneseb → w / ! adjacent to another consonant
h → {o,h,w} / V_V
10.2.4.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Madureseb → {w,∅} / #_
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauan∅ → w / u_V
p → w
10.2.6.1 Proto-North Sarawak to Kiputu → əw / _V “(also cases of (C)u → w /__V)”
10.2.6.2.1 Proto-Kenyah to Òma Lónghi u → əj əw / _V(C)#
10.3.1 Proto-Oceanic to Hawai’ianŋ r v → n l w
10.3.2 Proto-Oceanic to Hiwβʷ bʷ mʷ → w kʷ ŋʷ
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerigp pʷ k q → β w ɣ ∅
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlapp pʷ bʷ k ɡ → β w kpʷ ɣ k
10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to Caaàcpː pwː tː ʈː qː kː → pʰ pwʰ cʰ tʰ h jʰ
10.3.5.4.1 Proto-Northern to Nixumwak-Nêlêmwapw p t ʈ k c → (v)w v r l ɣ j / V_V
pw → w
pwʰ pʰ tʰ kʰ → fw f rʰ x / in Nelemwa
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to Nyelâyup pw t̪ ʈ c → v (v)w r l j / V_V
pw → w (sporadic)
pː pwː tː qː cː → pʰ pwʰ tʰ h cʰ
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwâp pw t {k,c} → {v,∅} w l ∅ / V_V
bw mw → ɡw ŋw (→ ɡ ŋ / _V[+ rounded])
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagapː pwː t̪ː tː ʈː cː kː → pʰ pwʰ t̪ʰ tʰ ʈʰ jʰ h
p pw t̪ ʈ k c → v w ð l ∅ j / V_V
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayv t l r → p dr n w / _#
10.3.9.1 Proto-Utupua to Asuboap → w / _B
pʷ mʷ → w m
10.3.10.3 Proto-Vanikoro to Vanow → {∅,w}
10.3.11 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Southern Vanuatuq (→ kw ?) → v (rare)
10.3.11.3.2 Proto-Tanna to Lenakelkʷ → {w,u}
10.3.11.3.3 Proto-Tanna to North Tannakʷ → {w,u}
v → {w,u} (“sporadically”)
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’ap pʷ k q → β w ɣ ∅
10.4.1 Proto-Micronesian to Marshallese∅ → w / #_{C[+round],V[+round]}
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Ongan{qʷ,ku,qu} → kʷ (note that PAn might have had *qʷ *kʷ → q {k,w} instead; may be a change from POn-PAn, if it existed)
11 Northeast Caucasian11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agulb d → {b,w} {d,z}
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutulb d → {b,w} {d,z}
tɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ dɮ → xʲ qʼ q(ʼ) {w,xʲ,j}
11.5.5 Proto-Lezgic to Tabassaranb d → {b,w} {d,z}
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgitʷː tʷʲ(ʼ) → d(w) tʷ(ʼ)
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassianqˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → ħ ʔʷ w~ʁʷ
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardiandɮ dzʲ dzʷ dʑ ɡʲ → ʒ ʑ {v,w} ʒ dʒ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhtɬʷ(ː) tɬʷʼ dɮʷ → tsʷ ts(ʷ)ʼ w
qˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → χʷ qʷʼ w
13 Chumashan13.3 Proto-Chumash to InseñoˀN ˀw → N w
13.4 Proto-Chumash to Obispeñoˀw → w (may have remained glottalized)
14 Elamo-Dravidian14.3.1 Standard Tamil to Colloquial Tamilavu aji → aw aj
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.1 Proto-Eskimo-Aleut to Proto-Aleutv → w / a_a (in eastern dialects)
m → w / #_
17 Indo-European17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwiankʷ → w
17.2.4 Common Anatolian to Lydianj u → ð w / #_
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ / ! _#
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armenian{e,o}j ɛw → ɛj ow
p ḱ k(ʷ) → {w,v} s kʰ
bʱ dʱ ɡ́ʱ ɡʱ ɡʷʱ → {w,v} d z ɡ ʒ
j → w / _o
N → w / S_S
17.5 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Celtic— p → w / B_N
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshw → ɡw / #_
17.6 Proto-Indo-European to Dacianoi wo wj ow → ai wa vi aw
17.7 Proto-Indo-European to Common Germanic{i,j} {u,w} → j w / V[+short]C_
{i,j} {u,w} → ij uw
17.7.1 Common Germanic to Gothic— ew → iw
17.7.2.1.2 Old English to Kentish Middle Englishɑɣ → ɑw
{eɑh,eɑç,eɑx,eɑʝ,eɑɣ} → ɑw
eːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
oɣ → ɔːw / _V
{o(ː)ht,ɑːht} → ow
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
ɣ → w / C_V
17.7.2.1.3 Old English to Midlands Middle Englishɑɣ → ɑw
{eɑh,eɑç,eɑx,eɑʝ,eɑɣ} → ɑw
eːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
oɣ → ɔːw / _V
{ɑːht,o(ː)ht} → ow
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
ɣ → w / C_V
17.7.2.1.5 Early Modern English to American Englishʍ → w (regional)
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishʍ → w
ʊə → ʉːwə / “almost always otherwise, but see [above vowel changes after /ɫ/ is formed]”
17.7.2.1.7 Early Modern English to British Englishʍ → w
17.7.2.1.8 Old English to Northern Middle Englishɑɣ → ɑw
{eɑh,eɑç,eɑx,eɑʝ,eɑɣ} → ɑw
eːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
oɣ → ɔːw / _V
{ɑːht,o(ː)ht} → ow
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
ɣ → w / C_V
17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scotsʍ → xw (some speakers seem to have resisted this)
— øː → wi / {k,ɡ}_ (in Mid Northern dialects)
17.7.2.1.12 Old English to Southern Middle Englishɑɣ → ɑw
{eɑh,eɑç,eɑx,eɑʝ,eɑɣ} → ɑw
eːɑw iːw → ew ju
{ɑːw,ɑːɣ,oːw} → ɔːw
oɣ → ɔːw / _V
{ɑːht,o(ː)ht} → ow
hn {wl,hl} hr → w l r
ɣ → w / C_V
17.7.2.1.13 Middle English to Yolaʍ → f (at least one instance of → w, before a high front vowel)
17.7.2.2 West Germanic to Old Low Franconianuː → ʉw / _V (probably, in most areas)
uː → ʊw / _V (probably, in areas that did not undergo the above change, such as Limburg)
17.7.2.2.1 Old Low Franconian to Middle Dutchiw → yw (dialectal)
{uː,uw} u → ɔw o (except in the southeast)
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norse(w)u(ː) i(ː) → (w)o(ː) e(ː) / _(C)(C)a ! CC = NC or one C = {ʀ,j}
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norseai wi (w)V → eː weː (w)Vː / _h#
{æ,e}i ai au w{ɪ,i} wy wV iu Vː → eː aː oː weː woː wVː eː oː V
woː wøː jæː Vː → wo wøje V[- long] / _%
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicwaː → wo
17.7.3.1.2 Old Norse to Orkney Nornhw hj → {w,ʍ} ʃ
v → w
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Nornv → w / #_
hv → {h,k,s}w
aː → wo (dialectal)
17.7.4 Common Germanic to Vandalicw → {ɡw,v} / #_
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polishɫ → w
17.12.1 Proto-Italic to Proto-Latino-Falsicanɡʷ → w
xʷ → {w,ɡʷ}
17.12.1.1.2 Latin to Catalanu → w → ∅ / (“when in unstressed penult or between first and tonic syllables; irregular”)
u → w / ”ɛ_#
l → w / V_CV (“although l was usually restored later”)
p b t d k ɡ → β {β,w} ∅ {j,w} ɣ {j,∅,ɡ} / V_rV
p b → b w / V_lV (the latter is irregular)
{bj,vj} → wʒ / _%”V
— d → w / _V#
j ɡj ts z n → tʃ i w s ∅ / _#
{b,v} → w / V_#
kʷ → ɡw / V_a
kʷ → kw / #_”a
ɡʷ → ɡw / #_a
ɡʷ → ɡw / C_a
k → w / V_rV
{b,v} → w / V_tV
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchoi → wɛ → wa
oı̃ → wɛ̃
17.12.1.1.4 Vulgar Latin to Italiantj ks w → ts sː ɡw
17.12.1.1.5 Latin to Portugueseu → w / _V (between first and stressed syllables)
ɫ → w / V_Ca
kʷ → kw / #_”a
kʷ → ɡw / V_a
ɡʷ → ɡw / #_
ɡʷ → ɡw / C_a
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— ɛ ɔ → jɛ wɔ (intermittent, “least common in the southwest”)
— ɔ → {ɔ,we} (in southwestern dialects)
β → w / V_C
— Loaned w → ɡw
β → v (though sometimes → ɡw instead if analogy interfered)
kʷ ɡʷ → kw ɡw (in western dialects)
l → w / V_s
βw tw → wː dw → ɡʷ ɡʷ → ɡ ɡ
pw → upw → up → ub
17.12.1.1.10 Vulgar Latin to Spanishoj → we (sporadic)
ɛ ɔ → je we
— βɣ → wɣ → ɣw
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianu → wə / #_
uh1 u{h2,h3} → uː → wə wɨ
ow aw ew → ɛu au əw
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.2.2 Proto-Ofaié-Jê to Ofaié-Xavantem → w / _#
m → {w,p}
18.4.1 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Akwárak b r → {ŋ,∅} {w,m} {n,r,t} / _#
b → w
18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Cocamab → w / else
iʔ uʔ → j w / C_V
18.4.3 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guajajarab → w / else
18.4.6 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Kamayuráb → w / else
18.4.9.1.2 Proto-Monde to Proto-Cinta Larga-Suruí-Zoróv → w / #_
18.4.10 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Urubub → w / else
21 Lakes Plain21.1.1 Proto-Far West to Awerab d ɡ → β~w ɾ~∅ ɣ / V_V
21.1.2 Proto-Far West to Saponip b d k → p~f w ɾ ɡ~ɣ / V_V
22 Macro-Arawakan22.2 Proto-Arawá to Banawá-Jamamadikʰ ɡ → k w
22.4 Proto-Arawá to Jarawarakʰ ɡ → k w
22.5 Proto-Arawá to Kulína-Deníɡ → w
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.2 Proto-Chibchan to Chibchaw → {w,∅}
23.1.1.1.3 Proto-Chibchan to Kogiu → w / _a
24 Macro-Pama-Nyungan24.1.1 Proto-Paman to AritinŋitiÉ£u[-long]C → Cw / #_
u i → w j / a_ when this a is a result of metathesis (?)
24.1.2 Proto-Paman to AwŋtimiC aC uC → Cj Ca Cw / #_ ! before an identical vowel
u i → w j / a_ when this a is a result of the preceding metathesis
∅ → w / #(C)uː(C)_V ! _u
24.1.4 Proto-Paman to Mbiywomu[-long]C → Cw / #_
u i → w j / a_ when this a is a result of metathesis (?)
24.1.7 Proto-Paman to Yinwum∅ → w / #uː(C)_a
25 Macro-Panoan25.1.2 Proto-Tacanan to Chama{r,*ŕ} → {∅,w,j}
26 Mande26.1 Proto-Mande to Bobokp ɡb → k ɡw
27 Mayan27.3 Proto-Mayan to Huastecanh → w / _{o,u}
28 Muskogean28.1.2 Proto-Eastern Muskogean to Creekx → w / a_o
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.7 Proto-Athabaskan to Deg Hit’anw → v (→ w in Shageluk dialect)
29.1.1.1.9 Proto-Athabaskan to Dogribts tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.13 Proto-Athabaskan to Hupaq ʀ → x w
{qʷ,xʷ} qʷʼ ɢʷ ɣʷ → x(ʷ) q(ʷ)ʼ ɢ(ʷ) w
{ʃ,ʒ} → w
xʲ → w
29.1.1.1.29 Proto-Athabaskan to Bearlake Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ s z → kʷ kʷʰ kʷʼ ʍ w
29.1.1.1.30 Proto-Athabaskan to Hare Slavey-Harets tsʰ tsʼ {s,z} → {kʷ,p} f wˀ w
30 Niger-Congo30.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic-Bantu to Proto-Bantuɠʷ → w / #_V[-nas]
ɠʷ → w̃ / #_V[+nas]
30.1.1.1 Proto-Bantu to Sebirwai u VS → j w A / _V[+high +ATR]
30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswana{tʃ,k} {ntʃ,nk,r} {ɲdʒ,nɡ} mp mb p b {d,l} m n → s tsʰ ts tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) dʒ ŋw ɲ / _{ɪ,e}V
{p,t,tʃ,k} {mp,nt,ɲtʃ,nk} {(m)b,(n)d,(ɲ)dʒ,(n)ɡ} {m,n,ɲ} → sw tsʰw tsw ɲw / _iV
mp mb p b m → tʃʰ(w) tʃ(w) ʃ(w) dʒ(w) ŋw / _{ʊ,o}V
30.1.2 Pre-Proto-Bantu to Proto-Manenguba’p ’t ’d/d2 c {’ɟ} ’k ɡ → f l ɟ s ∅ {w,∅} {k,w} / in C1 position
{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_a in noun roots
{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_(a) in verb roots
{u,o} {ɛ,e,i} → w j / C_$V in noun class prefixes
30.2.1 Proto-Potou-Akanic to Proto-Akanich → w / #_
30.2.1.1 Proto-Akanic to Akanʋ l → w ɹ / #(C)V_
30.3.1.1.1 Proto-Gbe to Ajáχʷ hʷ → w p
30.3.1.1.4 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Genhʷ → {w,ʁʷ}
30.3.1.1.7 Proto-Gbe to Proto-Vhehʷ → w
w → {w,ŋ}
31 Nyulnyulan31.1 Proto-Nyulnyulan to Bardib → w / a_u
i(ː)b ik → iw ij / _a
32 Oto-Manguean32.1.3 Proto-Chatino to Yaitepec Chatinokʷ → w / _eːj
kʷ → w / _ek
kʷ → kw / else
33 Penutian33.1.1.1 Proto-Costanoan to Chochenyokʷ → w / else
33.1.1.2 Proto-Utian to Proto-Miwokkʷ ʃ → w ʂ
33.1.1.3 Proto-Costanoan to Mutsunkʷ → {k,w} / else
33.1.1.4 Proto-Costanoan to Rumsenkʷ → {k,w} / else
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to Comoxl(ʲ) → w / _u
l(ʲ) → w / u_
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old Mandarin∅ → w / P_V
k → w / V_
∅ → w / C_o# ! C = {K,C[+pharyngeal]}
wʲ → w / _?Cʲ
∅ → w / C̣_aŋ
wʲ → w / _aŋ
wʲ → w / C̣_oŋ
36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàiʔ iw → eʔ ew / C̣_ (the latter with variant iɛu?)
36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to Lazea → wɤ / {K,ŋ}w_%
{r,s}k {r,s}Nk → f w / _V
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na)a → wɤ / {K,ŋ}w_%
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to Naxia → wa / {K,ŋ}w_%
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan Lak sk kr ɡ Pɡ sɡ Nɡ (s)ɡr çK rK Kç → kʰ zɡw dr Nɡ pk sk mk (s)kr çk rɡj ɡçkr
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos Kiap çp (ç)b rP Np Nb pr {br,pj} → p. ç.w (ç)p rp. kj m.p n.br p.j
rm rn → mj rw
36.3.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to Japhugb → w / #{z,r}_
36.3.2.2.7 Proto-rGyalrongic to Tzu TaC[+ sibilant]w ç → swdz sdz
ŋ(w) → ȵ(wj)
36.3.2.2.8 Proto-rGyalrongic to Wassuim iŋ → wa ie
36.3.3.1 Old Tibetan to Amdo dialectspʰ b → h w
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1 Proto-Siouan-Iroquoian to Proto-Iroquoianm → w / _ã
37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayugar → w / {o(ː),õ(ː)}_{a(ː),e(ː),ẽ(ː),i(ː)}
37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotxʷ → w
∅ → w / {o(ː),õ(ː)}_V
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondagar → w / {o(ː),õ(ː)}_V
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Senecar → w / {o(ː),õ(ː)}_V
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscaroran r w j → n̥ r̥ w̥ j̊ / _{#,O}
37.2.1 Proto-Siouan to Catawbap → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.2 Proto-Siouan to Dakotap → {p,b,m,w}
37.2.4 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Čiwere-Winnebagop → {p,b,m,w}
37.2.4.1 Proto-Čiwere-Winnebago to Čiwerep → {p,b,m,w} / _C
p → w / V_V
37.2.4.2 Proto-Čiwere-Winnebago to Winnebagop → {p,b,m,w} / _C
pr {sr,xr} sn km → pV0rV0 ʃV0rV0 sV0nV0 kV0wV0
37.2.5 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Crow-Hidatsam → w (Crow seems to have gained a phonemic /m/ after this, however)
wt → wV0tV0
37.2.5.2 Proto-Crow-Hidatsa to Hidatsamn → w / {C,V}_{C,V}
37.2.6 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Dhegihap → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.6.1 Proto-Dhegiha to Kansap → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.6.3 Proto-Dhegiha to Osagep → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.6.4 Proto-Dhegiha to Quapawp → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.7 Proto-Siouan to Proto-Ohio-Valleyp → {p,b,m,w} / _C
37.2.7.1 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Biloxip → {p,b,m,w} / _C
p → w / V_V, apparently as a result of some dissimilation, as this appears to be an allophone of /p/ here, IIUC
m → w / #_
37.2.7.2 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Ofop → {p,b,m,w} / _C
m → w / #_
37.2.7.3 Proto-Ohio-Valley to Tutelop → {p,b,m,w} / _C
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.1 Proto-Tai to Ahomɡl → k(w)
38.1.1.3 Proto-Tai to Central Taixʷ ɣʷ → kʷʰ {v,w}
38.1.1.3.5 Central Tai to T’ien-Paoɣ → w / _V[+ round]
38.1.1.4 Proto-Tai to North Taimw f → f {f,v,w,h}
xr x {x,ɣ}ʷ → r̥ h {w,v,h}
38.1.1.4.1 North Tai to Dioiv → w (possibly a conservation with other languages changing *w to v?)
38.1.1.4.2 North Tai to Po-Aiu̯əi ɔi → (w)iː oːi
38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taim → w / ! _w
39 Tanoan39.3 Proto-Tanoan to Taoskʰ kʰʷ ɡ ɡʷ → x xʷ k w
39.4 Proto-Tanoan to Tewakʰ kʷʰ ɡʷ → x xʷ w
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicx → w / {U,O}_C
ŋ → w / _{A,O,U}
ŋ → w / {O,U}_
ŋ → w / _C ! _k
ŋ → w / C_
uw ij → ow ej / _C
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianeː oː → je wo
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuhkʷ hʔ (h)S Sː → w ʔ S[+ voiced] S[- voiced - long] / V_V
43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhamp → w / {#,Vs}_
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.2 Proto-Pai to Paipaixʷ → w / tʃ_
46 Vowel Shifts46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsøː → wi / {k,ɡ}_ (in Mid Northern dialects)
46.7 Great Vowel Shift (English)iː uː → əj əw → ɑj ɑw
aː ɔː → ɛː oː → eː ow → ej (əw)
46.15 Proto-Japanese to Old Japanese Vowel Shifte o → je wo / _#
{u,ɨ}i {,a,i {ɨi,i{a,ə}} u{ɨ,a,ə} → wi e je wo
47 Most-Wanted Sound Changes47.2 List 2: Conditional or complex consonant changesp → w / V_V (Marathi)

with context involving /w/

154 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omotica → o / #Cw_{(d)l,s3}
6.1.1 Proto-Omotic to North Omotice → i / #{s,ʃ,tsʼ}_{k(w),ʔ}
6.2.1 Proto-Erythrean to Proto-Cushiticɡ → k / #{d,w}V_
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-Berberk → ɡ / _{w,j}
r → ʔ / C_{t,w,j}# ! C = {ɡ,m,n,r,w,ʃ,x}
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabicaː → a / {Cˤ,w}_#
7 Algonquian7.1 Proto-Algonquian to Kennebec River Abenakii → ∅ / #w_
7.4 Proto-Algonquian to Blackfoot∅ → j / {oːw,iːj}_i#
∅ → i / r_w
a → o / _w
7.11 Proto-Algonquian to Munsee DelawareCʷ → C / _ə{(C){p,kʷ},m,w}
ə → o / _h{p,kʷ,w,m}
V[+high] → ə / _w (sporadic)
7.12 Proto-Algonquian to Menomineea → o / $am_w
wi(ː) → o(ː) / C_w
7.14 Proto-Algonquian to Mi’kmaqk → χ / _(w)a(ː) ! #_
eːk → oχ / _w
7.15 Proto-Algonquian to OjibweV[-long] → ∅ / V[-long]{w,j}_# (Whimemsz is unsure if this change is across-the-board or not)
7.17 Proto-Algonquian to Shawneej → ∅ / {tʃ,ʃ,w}_aː
9 Austroasiatic9.1.2 Proto-Vietic to Middle Vietnameset*ʰ d ɡ → tʰ t k / _w
9.1.2.1 Middle Vietnamese to Hanoi Vietnameseɨ → i / _(ə)w
w → ∅ / tV_wk (conjectured)
9.1.2.2 Middle Vietnamese to Saigon Vietnameseə → ∅ / {i,ɨ}_{p,m.w}
a → aː / _{w,j}
w → ∅ / tV_wk (conjectured)
10 Austronesian10.1.2.5 Proto-Philippine to Ifugao∅ → j / _iw#
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batak{a,e} → o / _w#
10.3.2 Proto-Oceanic to Hiwu → ʉ / ! Cw_
10.3.11.1 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Anejomi → o / {u,w}_
10.3.11.2.1 Proto-Erromango to Syea → o / {w,m,ŋ}_
10.4.1 Proto-Micronesian to Marshallesea → ɜ / _wo
17 Indo-European17.2.2 Common Anatolian to Luwianh → ∅ / _w ! at word boundaries
hh → ∅ / _{w,m,n,r,l} “medially, and sporadically”
17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lyciand → k / _w
s → z / _{R,j,w} “(in Milyan, this happened after the change of ḱ to s)”
17.3.1 Proto-Indo-European to Artsakh Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.3.2 Proto-Indo-European to Erevan Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.3.3 Proto-Indo-European to Istanbul Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_ ! #_
17.3.4 Proto-Indo-European to Kharpert Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.3.5 Proto-Indo-European to Sebastia Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.3.6 Proto-Indo-European to Southeast Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.3.7 Proto-Indo-European to Southwest Armeniant → tʰ / {aw,ow}_
17.5 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Celtic— e → o / _w
— u → o / _wO
17.5.1 Proto-Indo-European to Old Irishm̩ n̩ → am an / _{s,({m,j,w)V}
C → Cʷ / _{B,w}
17.7.2.1.6 Early Modern English to Australian Englishæ → æː / _{n,m,ɡ,ɫ% ! _n,m,ɡ,ɫ}%{j,w} or a form of a strong verb
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germans → ʃ / #_{l,m,n,w,p,t}
t → {ts,k} / _w
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norsew → ∅ / _w
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old NorseEːBː Eːaː → joː jaː / {v,w}_
e → ja / ! {{h,k,ŋ}n,w,v,l,r}_, _{u,o,i}
a(i) {e,w{æ,i}} {we,ei} (w)ɪ → ey ø y ʏ / w_ ! hw_
V → Vː / _l{P,w,k,#}
e → jɒ / _(C)(C)(C)u ! {{h,k,ŋ}n,w,v,l,r}_
e → ja / _(C)(C)(C)u ! {{h,k,ŋ}n,w,v,l,r}_
n → ∅ / ŋ_{s,w}
n → ∅ / r_{s,t,w}
Eː{u,o}ː Eːaː → joː jaː / {v,w}_
e(ː){B,i(ː)} → e(ː)u / {v,w}_
eː j → e ∅ / Cw_
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandich → k / #_{v,w}
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Nornh → ∅ / _{V,w,j} (sporadic)
e → {o,ɒ} / _w
eː → {ɒ,ə} / w_
17.7.4 Common Germanic to Vandalice → i / ! {w,r,h}_
17.10.1 Proto-Indo-Iranian to Proto-Indo-Aryanəː → oː / w_
17.11 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Slavice → o / _wV
17.11.1 Proto-Slavic to Polisht → ∅ / s_{ɫ,w}
rʲ → r / _{s,t͜s,l,w,n,ɲ}
17.12.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Latino → e / w_{r,s,t}
o → u / _C(C)# ! {u,w}_
e → o / _w
e → o / w_
17.13.1 Proto-Tocharian to Tocharian Aj → ∅ / w_
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.4.1 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Akwárap → k / _w
u → ∅ / k_w
a → o / ! Cw_
ã → a / Cw_
18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Cocamap → k / _w
w → ∅ / k_w
18.4.3 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guajajarau → ∅ / k_w
18.4.4 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guaraním p → ŋ k / _w
u → ∅ / k_w
18.4.5 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Guarayom p → ŋ k / _w
18.4.6 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Kamayuráp → h / _{o,u,w}
ã → a / Cw_
18.4.7 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Parintintín∅ → ŋ / {#,V}_w
u → ∅ / k_w
18.4.8 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Sirionóp → {k,∅} / _w
u → ∅ / k_w
18.4.10 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to Urubup k → k ∅ / _w
u → ∅ / k_w
23 Macro-Chibchan23.1.1.1.1 Proto-Chibchan to Arhuaco∅ → u / w_V
28 Muskogean28.2.2 Proto-Western Muskogean to Choctawa → o / _w
30 Niger-Congo30.3.1.1.11 Proto-Vhe to KpándoV → [+ round] / w_
30.3.1.1.12 Proto-Vhe to Pecı́V → [+ round] / w_
30.3.1.1.14 Proto-Vhe to Wacı́V → [+ round] / w_
35 Salishan35.1.1 Proto-Central Salish to Comoxs → ∅ / #_{wa,wi}
35.1.5 Proto-Central Salish to Klallama3 → u3 / _{Cu,Cʷ[+uvular],w}
35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksacks → ʃ / #_{xʲ,w{i,a},qʷa}
35.3 Shuswap to Eastern Shuswap Nasal-to-Vowel Shiftsem emˀ → u uʔ / w_ in U[- stressed]
36 Sino-Tibetan36.1.1 Late Middle Chinese to Old Mandarinxɦ → ∅ / _j(w){?,ia,a(ta)}
w → o / Cʲ_?w
i → ∅ / C(w)_a
o → a / C_w ! C = {K,C[+pharyngeal]}
ŋ → ∅ / #_ ! #_o(w)
o → a / Cʲ_w
w → ∅ / C̣Cʲ_?w (“optional”)
w → ∅ / w?_
? → a / Cw_Cʲ
e → o / w_ŋ
36.1.1.1 Old Mandarin to Modern Pekingese{e,o} → a / _w
j → ∅ / C_weŋ
36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàŋ → ∅ / _{i,j,w,y}
36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to Lazea → i / {ŋ,w}_%
a → wɤ / {K,ŋ}w_%
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na)a → wɤ / {K,ŋ}w_%
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to Naxia → ɯ / {R,w}_%
a → wa / {K,ŋ}w_%
36.3.2.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to bTshan LaC[+ sibilant] → s / _w
36.3.2.1.1 Proto-rGyalrongic to Chos KiaC[+ sibilant] → s / _w
36.3.2.2.2 Proto-rGyalrongic to lCog RtseC[+ sibilant] → s / _w
37 Siouan-Iroquoian37.1.2.1 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Cayuga∅ → a / w_j
h → ∅ / s_w
r → ∅ / w_
37.1.2.2 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Hurons → ʃ / ! _{n,t,k(ʷ),w} “or when part of the affricate /ts/”
t → k / _(h)w
h → ∅ / #_w
∅ → k / s_(h)w
37.1.2.2.1 Huron to Wyandotn → ŋ / _{j,w}
ɛ̃(ː) → ã(ː) / w_
37.1.2.3 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Onondagah → ∅ / w_j
37.1.2.4 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Proto-Mohawk-Oneidah → ∅ / #_w
∅ → e / w_r (and “probably. . .in other environments”)
37.1.2.4.1 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Mohawkh → ∅ / w_j
∅ → e / w_j
∅ → e / t_w
∅ → e / {#,V}s_w
37.1.2.4.2 Proto-Mohawk-Oneida to Oneidahs → sh / _{n,w}
— ∅ → o / C_wV(H)#
37.1.2.5 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to SenecaV → Vː / _{t,k(ʷ),s,n,r,j,w} “in even penultimate syllables”
h → ∅ / #_w
h → ∅ / w_j
Vh → Vː / _{n,w,j}
a(ː) → õ(ː) / V[+nas]({ʔ,s})w_
37.1.2.6 Proto-Northern Iroquoian to Tuscaroraˀt → ʔn / V_{V,w,j}
ˀt → n / {#,C}_{V,w,j}
h → ∅ / #_w
38 Tai-Kadai38.1.1.5 Proto-Tai to Southwest Taim → w / ! _w
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnici → ∅ / æw_
43 Uto-Aztecan43.5.1.1 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Kawaiisuk → ∅ / V_wV
43.6 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Tohono O’odhaml → i / {p,m,k(ʷ),w}_# “in all dialects, and varies by dialect after other consonants”
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.1 Proto-Pai to Chapaitʃ → ʃ / _{w,i}