Súiⱥcúili sentence-level grammar

Basic word order

The basic word order is VSO—that is, a verb, followed by the subject, followed by the object. Normally, the subject can't be omitted, except when the "no subject" form of the verb is used [TODO when is that used?]; however, in dependent clauses in the subjunctive mood, the subject can be omitted (and a different verb form is used), and the subject can be omitted in imperative clauses. Adverbs, prepositional phrases associated with the verb, and adverbial dependent clauses can be placed at the beginning or end of the sentence or between any of the main components.

The subject or object may be brought to the front of the sentence (before the verb) for focus (new information) [TODO is this the right situation?]; if this is done, an em dash (—) is placed between the noun and the verb. Quotes (used with "said") are put at the beginning like this usually.

Dependent clauses

Dependent clauses starting with to "that" are treated as noun phrases and may be used as the subject or object of certain verbs. The word to is declined like a noun to show the case of the phrase.

Dependent clauses used at the beginning of a sentence may be followed by lo. When this is used, every sentence until one ending with ol will be modified by the dependent clause.


Questions of all types are marked with the particle e. Questions have the same word order as declarative sentences (no wh-fronting). The position of this particle in the sentence determines the type of question: