Index Diachronica: involving /q/

187 results from /q/   110 results to /q/   20 results with context involving /q/   

plain qʲʷ qʲʷʼ qʲʷː qʲʼ qʲː qʲːʼ qʷʲ qʷʲʼ qʷʼ qʷː qʼʷ qʼː qːʼ qˤʲ qˤʲʷ qˤʲʷː qˤʲʼ qˤʲː qˤʷ qˤʷʲ qˤʷʲʼ qˤʷʼ qˤʷː qˤʼ qˤː q͡χ

from /q/

187 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omoticq ʕ → ʔ h
6.2.2.1.2 Proto-Boreafrasian to Egypto-BerberɡwVq → ʕ
q → ∅ / _i
q → i / #_V{Z,C[+dental]}
qu → w / _{f,s} (sporadic)
{h,ħ,q} → ʕ / C[+voice]_V
q → ʔ / _C[+dental]
q → ʔ / h_
qh → ʕħ
6.2.2.1.4 Proto-Boreafrasian to Proto-Semiticq → ʕ
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabicq → k
6.2.2.1.7 Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabicq → ʔ / except in several words, two of which are al-Qâhira and musîqâ
6.2.2.1.8 Classical Arabic to Coastal Hadhrami Arabicq → ɡ
6.2.2.1.9 Classical Arabic to Wādı̄ Hadhrami Arabicdˤ q → ðˤ ɡ
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicdˤ q → ðˤ ɡ
6.2.2.1.11 Classical Arabic to Iraqi Arabick q → tʃ {ɡ,q} (ɡ is more common)
6.2.2.1.12 Classical Arabic to Eastern Libyan Arabicdˤ dʒ q → ðˤ ʒ ɡ
6.2.2.1.13 Classical Arabic to Western Libyan Arabicq dʒ → ɡ ʒ
6.2.2.1.14 Classical Arabic to Moroccan Arabicq → {q,ɡ}
6.2.2.1.15 Classical Arabic to Sa‘idi Arabicq x ɣ → ɡ χ ʁ
6.2.2.1.16 Classical Arabic to Sudanese Arabicdʒ q → ɡʲ ɢ
6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabicdˤ q → ðˤ {ɡ,q}
6.2.2.1.19 Biblical Hebrew to Modern Israeli Hebrewsˤ tˤ ħ q → s t χ k
7 Algonquian7.6 Proto-Algonquian to Northern East Cree{n,q,h} → ∅ / _s
q → h / _tʃ
{q,ʃ} → s / _t
{n,q,h}ʃ {n,q,h}l → s {h,j,hj}
7.7 Proto-Algonquian to Southern East Cree{n,q,h} → ∅ / _s
q → h / _tʃ
{q,ʃ} → s / _t
{n,q,h}ʃ {n,q,h}l → ʃ l
7.8 Proto-Algonquian to Plains Cree{n,q,h} → ∅ / _s
q → h / _tʃ
{q,ʃ} → s / _t
{n,q,h}ʃ {n,q,h}l → s {h,j,hj}
7.9 Proto-Algonquian to Swampy Cree{n,q,h} → ∅ / _s
q → h / _tʃ
{q,ʃ} → s / _t
{n,q,h}ʃ {n,q,h}l → ʃ l
7.10 Proto-Algonquian to Woods Cree{n,q,h} → ∅ / _s
q → h / _tʃ
{q,ʃ} → s / _t
{n,q,h}ʃ {n,q,h}l → s {h,j,hj}
10 Austronesian10.1.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawanq → h / _#
{q,h} → ∅
10.1.1.5 Proto-Polynesian to Luangiua{q,h} → ∅
10.1.2.1 Proto-Philippine to Bicolq → ∅
10.1.2.2 Proto-Philippine to Cebuanoq → ∅
10.1.2.3 Proto-Philippine to Hiligaynonq → ∅
10.1.2.4 Proto-Philippine to Ibanag{q,h} → ∅
10.1.2.5 Proto-Philippine to Ifugao{q,h} → ∅
10.1.2.6 Proto-Philippine to Ilocano{q,h} → ∅
10.1.2.7.1 Proto-Kalamian to Agutaynenq → k
10.1.2.7.2 Proto-Kalamian to Karamiananen{t,k} q → ʔ k / _C
q → k
10.1.2.7.3 Proto-Kalamian to Kalamian Tagbanwa{t,k,q,s} → k / _C
q → k
10.1.2.8 Proto-Philippine to Kankanay{h,q} → ∅
10.1.2.9 Proto-Philippine to Tagalogq → ∅ (not sure what happens word-finally to it)
10.1.2.10 Proto-Philippine to Warayq → ∅
10.2 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Batakq → ∅ / #_ (sometimes; “represented by *h in PB”)
10.2.1 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-ChamicR q → r h
10.2.2 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Chamorrop c q → f s ʔ
10.2.4 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-Malayo-Javanicq h → h ∅
10.2.5 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Palauanq → χ (→ ʕ)
10.2.6 Proto-Malayo-Polynesian to Proto-North Sarawakq → ʔ
10.3.2 Proto-Oceanic to Hiwp pʷ {c,*j} k q → β βʷ s ɣ ∅
10.3.3 Proto-Oceanic to Lemerigp pʷ k q → β w ɣ ∅
10.3.4 Proto-Oceanic to Mwotlapq → ∅
10.3.5.1 Proto-New Caledonia to Caaàcpː pwː tː ʈː qː kː → pʰ pwʰ cʰ tʰ h jʰ
q {k,t} {s,ʈ} → k c t
10.3.5.2 Proto-New Caledonia to Jawéq k {ʈ,s} → k c t̪
10.3.5.3 Proto-New Caledonia to Nemi-Pije-Fwaiq k {ʈ,s} → k c t̪
10.3.5.4 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Northernq qː k kː s sː → k kː c cː t̪ t̪ː
10.3.5.5 Proto-New Caledonia to Nyelâyuɴq → ŋk
pː pwː tː qː cː → pʰ pwʰ tʰ h cʰ
q → ∅
10.3.5.6 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwaameiq k t s → k j c t
10.3.5.7 Proto-New Caledonia to Pwapwâq k {ʈ,s} → k c t̪
10.3.5.8 Proto-New Caledonia to Proto-Yunagaq k s → k c t̪
10.3.6.1 Proto-Reefs/Santa Cruz to Äiwooq → {k,∅}
10.3.6.2 Proto-Reefs/Santa Cruz to Naguq *R → ∅ {l,∅}
10.3.6.3 Proto-Reefs/Santa Cruz to Natüguq *R → ∅ {l,∅}
10.3.7 Proto-Oceanic to Shark Bayq → ∅
10.3.8 Proto-Oceanic to Tolomakoq → ∅
10.3.9 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Utupuap q → v ∅ (in general, seems like there was something going on with conditioning in the case of *p?)
10.3.10 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Vanikorop q → {v,p} ∅
10.3.11 Proto-Oceanic to Proto-Southern Vanuatuq (→ kw ?) → v (rare)
10.3.11.1 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Anejomq → ∅
10.3.11.3 Proto-Southern Vanuatu to Proto-Tannaɡ q → k ∅
10.3.12 Proto-Oceanic to Vera’ap pʷ k q → β w ɣ ∅
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Onganq → ∅ / #_V
q → k
{qʷ,ku,qu} → kʷ (note that PAn might have had *qʷ *kʷ → q {k,w} instead; may be a change from POn-PAn, if it existed)
10.6.1 Proto-Paiwan to Northern Paiwanc ɟ q ɭ → t d ʔ l
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andiq ɢ → x {qːʼ,ɣ}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarq qːʼ ɢ → x {q(ː)ʼ,ɡh} qʼ (not sure if that last 〈gh〉 should be ɣ)
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargiqːʼ → ʕ
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{qːʼ,ɢ} → qʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lakqʼ qʼː ɡ → {qʼ,j} qʼ {qː,ɣ}
11.5 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Lezgicq ɢ → {x,q} ɣ
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agulqːʼ → qː
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archiq qːʼ → x q(ː)ʼ
11.5.3 Proto-Lezgic to Lezghiqːʼ → q(ʼ)
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutulqːʼ → q(ʼ)
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Udiq qʼ qːʼ ɢ → ∅(?) ∅ qʼ ɣ
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakhkː qːʼ → xk(?) qʼ
11.7.2 Proto-Tsezic to Tsezq qːʼ → x(?) q
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgiq qː ɢ → (ħ) q ɣ (*ɢ is marked as *G in the document)
qʲː ɢʲ → q ɣʲ
qʷ qʷː ɢʷ → ħʷ qʷ ɣʷ
qʷʲ ɢʷʰ → ħ(ʷ) ɣ(ʷ)
qʷʲʼ → ʕʷ (qʷʼ?)
qˤː qˤʼ → ʕ ħ (this latter is marked as dubious)
qˤʲ qˤʲː qˤʲʼ → q ʔ ħ(?)
qˤʷ qˤʷː qˤʷʼ χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → ħʷ ʕʷ qʷ(ʼ) ħʷ (ħʷ?)
qˤʷʲ qˤʷʲ qˤʷʲʼ ʁˤʷʲ → qʷ ʕʷ ħʷ ʕʷ
12.1.3 Proto-Abazgi to Ahchypsy Abkhazq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.4 Proto-Abazgi to Bzyp Abkhazq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.5 Proto-Abazgi to Abzhywa Properq qʷ → χ χʷ
12.1.6 Proto-Abazgi to Tsabal Abzhywaq qʷ → χˤ χˤʷ
12.1.7 Proto-Abazgi to Khaltsys Sadzq qʷ → χ χʷ
12.1.8 Proto-Abazgi to Tswydzhy Sadzq qʷ → χˤ χʷ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiantsʷ lʲ {qʲʷ,qˤʷ} → sʷ d qʷ / #_ (data not given for non-initial forms)
qʲʼ ʁʲ → ʔ ʁ
qʷ → qʷː / !_
qʷʼ ɢʷ → qʷː ʁʷ
qʲʷː qʲʷ ɢʲʷ,ʁʲʷ} χʲʷ → qʷː ʔʷ ʁʷ χʷ
{qˤː,qˤʼ} χˤ ʁˤ → qː χ ʁ
{qˤʲ,χˤʲ} qˤʲ ʁˤʲ {qˤʲː qˤʲʼ} → ħ ʔ j
{qˤʷː,qˤʷʼ} χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → qʷː χʷ ʁʷ
qˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → ħ ʔʷ w~ʁʷ
12.2.1 Proto-Circassian to Adygheʔ(ʷ)~qʼ(ʷ) → ʔ(ʷ)
12.2.1.1 Adyghe to Abadzekh Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷ ʃː tʃː tɕː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ ɕ tɕ tʃ kʷ qː qʷ
12.2.1.2 Adyghe to Bzhedug Adygheqː~χ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
12.2.1.4 Adyghe to Temirgoy Adygheq qʷ → qː qʷː / ! #_
qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianʔ~qʼ → ʔʷ
pː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhqʲː(ʼ) ɢʲ χʲ → qʲ(ʼ) ʁʲ xʲ
qʷː ɢʷ → qʷ ʁʷ
qʲʷ qʲʷː qʲʷʼ ɢʲʷ χʲʷ ʁʲʷ → xʲ qʲ qʲʼ ʁʲ χʲ ʁʲ
qˤʲ → q(ˤ)
qˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → χʷ qʷʼ w
13 Chumashan13.3 Proto-Chumash to Inseñotʼ qʼ → t q
13.4 Proto-Chumash to Obispeñoq k → {q,k} {k(ʃ),tʲ} (allophonic)
13.5 Proto-Chumash to Purisimeñoqʼ → q
13.6 Proto-Chumash to Ventureñopʼ kʼ qʼ → p k q
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.2 Proto-Eskimo to Greenlandic Iñupiaqm n ŋ t {{ɣ,ʁ} → {k,q}} → p t k n ŋ / _#
15.2.4 Proto-Eskimo to Wales Iñupiaqp k q s → v ɣ ʁ z / V_V
19 Kartvelian19.1 Proto-Kartvelian to Georgianq → x
19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zanq qʼ → x {kʼ,qʼ,ʔ}
20 Khoisan20.2.3 Proto-Kx’a to Southeastern !XunⁿQʰ {ǀʰq͜,ǀʰɢ͜} Qq͡ → ⁿQ(ʰ) ⁿǀʰ Q[+voiced]
27 Mayan27.1 Proto-Mayan to Ch’olanq(ʼ) → k(ʼ)
27.3 Proto-Mayan to Huastecanq(ʼ) → k(ʼ)
27.8 Proto-Mayan to Q’anjob’alanq(ʼ) → k(ʼ)
27.9 Proto-Mayan to Tzeltalanq(ʼ) → k(ʼ)
27.10 Proto-Mayan to Yucatecanq(ʼ) → k(ʼ)
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.13 Proto-Athabaskan to Hupaq ʀ → x w
{qʷ,xʷ} qʷʼ ɢʷ ɣʷ → x(ʷ) q(ʷ)ʼ ɢ(ʷ) w
29.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Eyakqʷ qʷʼ ɢʷ → q qʼ ɢ
29.2 Proto-Na-Dene to Tlingitqʼ qʷʼ → χ(ʷ)ʼ {χʼ,q(ʷ)ʼ}
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
33.2.2 Proto-Wintuan to Patwink(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(h) tʃʼ kʰ kʼ
33.2.3 Proto-Wintuan to South Patwink(ʰ) kʼ q(ʰ) qʼ → tʃ(ʰ) tʃʼ k(ʰ) kʼ
33.2.4 Proto-Wintuan to Wintukʰ qʰ → k χ
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucopʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t tʃ k q
q → χ
34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviaqh → h / _r
ph th kh qh → pʰ tʰ kʰ qʰ
{k,q} → h / _{C,#}
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcokh qh → kʰ qʰ
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huaráspʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t ts k q
q → q͡χ
34.5 Proto-Quechumaran to Putamayopʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitoq → h / {r,s}_
pʼ kʼ qʼ → p k q
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambaq → k
qh → kʰ / _i ! _i{ʃ,tʃ}
qh → k
pʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagopʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t tʃ k q
{k,q} → h / _{C,#}
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenaq(h) → k
pʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
40 Totozoquean40.1 Proto-Totozoquean to Proto-Mixe-Zoqueanq → ʔ

to /q/

110 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1.2.1 South Omotic to Aarikʼ → q
6.2.1.1.1 Proto-Agaw to Awngikʼ kʷʼ → {ɣ,q} ɣʷ
6.2.1.1.4 Proto-Agaw to Xamtangak → {k(ʼ),q}
kʼ → {χʷ,qʷ} / #_
kʼ → q / else
6.2.2.1.5 Proto-Semitic to Classical Arabicθˤ kˤ → ðˤ q
6.2.2.1.10 Classical Arabic to Hassāniyya Arabicɣː → ʁː → qː
ɣ → {ʁ,q}
6.2.2.1.11 Classical Arabic to Iraqi Arabick q → tʃ {ɡ,q} (ɡ is more common)
6.2.2.1.14 Classical Arabic to Moroccan Arabicq → {q,ɡ}
6.2.2.1.17 Classical Arabic to Tunisian Arabicdˤ q → ðˤ {ɡ,q}
6.2.2.1.18 Proto-Semitic to Biblical Hebrewx ɣ kˤ → ħ ʕ q
8 Altaic8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyzx → q
10 Austronesian10.1.1.2 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to Sasakh → q / _# (might’ve been a retention?)
V(h) → V(q) / _# (again, might’ve been a retention?)
10.1.1.3 Proto-Bali-Sasak-Sumbawan to Sumbawanh → q / _# (might’ve been a retention?)
V(h) → V(q) / _# (again, might’ve been a retention?)
10.5 Proto-Austronesian to Proto-Ongan{qʷ,ku,qu} → kʷ (note that PAn might have had *qʷ *kʷ → q {k,w} instead; may be a change from POn-PAn, if it existed)
11 Northeast Caucasian11.1.1 Proto-Avar-Andic to Akhvakhkː ɢ → xʲ {qːʼ,ɣ}
11.1.2 Proto-Avar-Andic to Andiq ɢ → x {qːʼ,ɣ}
11.1.3 Proto-Avar-Andic to Avarq qːʼ ɢ → x {q(ː)ʼ,ɡh} qʼ (not sure if that last 〈gh〉 should be ɣ)
11.2 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Dargitɬ tɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ → k {xʲː,kː} kʰ {ɡ,q}(?)
11.3 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Khinalug{qːʼ,ɢ} → qʼ
11.4 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Lakqʼ qʼː ɡ → {qʼ,j} qʼ {qː,ɣ}
11.5 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Lezgicq ɢ → {x,q} ɣ
11.5.1 Proto-Lezgic to Agulqːʼ → qː
11.5.2 Proto-Lezgic to Archiɣ → q (more likely, *ɢ → q instead of → ɣ)
q qːʼ → x q(ː)ʼ
11.5.3 Proto-Lezgic to Lezghitɬ tɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ dɮ → xʲ {ɣʲ,ɡ} qʼ k(ʼ) {kː,ɣʲ}
ɣ → {qː,ɣ} (again, probably a difference in the development of *ɢ than this strict sound change)
qːʼ → q(ʼ)
11.5.4 Proto-Lezgic to Rutultɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ dɮ → xʲ qʼ q(ʼ) {w,xʲ,j}
qːʼ → q(ʼ)
11.5.5 Proto-Lezgic to Tabassarankː → q
11.5.6 Proto-Lezgic to Uditɬ tɬː tɬʼ tɬːʼ dɮ → {∅,x} q {∅,qʼ} qʼ {ɣ,l}
kː → q
q qʼ qːʼ ɢ → ∅(?) ∅ qʼ ɣ
11.6 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Nakhtɬ(ː) tɬʼ tɬːʼ → x qʼ ʕ
kː qːʼ → xk(?) qʼ
11.7 Proto-Northeast Caucasian to Proto-Tsezicɢ → q
11.7.2 Proto-Tsezic to Tsezq qːʼ → x(?) q
12 Northwest Caucasian12.1 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Abazgiq qː ɢ → (ħ) q ɣ (*ɢ is marked as *G in the document)
qʲː ɢʲ → q ɣʲ
qʷ qʷː ɢʷ → ħʷ qʷ ɣʷ
qˤʲ qˤʲː qˤʲʼ → q ʔ ħ(?)
qˤʷ qˤʷː qˤʷʼ χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → ħʷ ʕʷ qʷ(ʼ) ħʷ (ħʷ?)
qˤʷʲ qˤʷʲ qˤʷʲʼ ʁˤʷʲ → qʷ ʕʷ ħʷ ʕʷ
12.2 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Proto-Circassiantsʷ lʲ {qʲʷ,qˤʷ} → sʷ d qʷ / #_ (data not given for non-initial forms)
qʷ → qʷː / !_
qʷʼ ɢʷ → qʷː ʁʷ
qʲʷː qʲʷ ɢʲʷ,ʁʲʷ} χʲʷ → qʷː ʔʷ ʁʷ χʷ
{qˤː,qˤʼ} χˤ ʁˤ → qː χ ʁ
{qˤʷː,qˤʷʼ} χˤʷ ʁˤʷ → qʷː χʷ ʁʷ
12.2.1.1 Adyghe to Abadzekh Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷ ʃː tʃː tɕː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ ɕ tɕ tʃ kʷ qː qʷ
12.2.1.2 Adyghe to Bzhedug Adygheqː~χ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.1.3 Adyghe to Shapsug Adyghepː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː tsː tcː kʲː kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → p t ts tʃʷ ʃ tʃ tɕ kʲ kʷ χ~q χʷ~qʷ
12.2.1.4 Adyghe to Temirgoy Adygheq qʷ → qː qʷː / ! #_
qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → qː qʷː
12.2.2 Proto-Circassian to Kabardianpː tː tsː tsʷː ʃː {tʃː,tɕː} kʷː qː~qχ qʷː~qχʷ → b d dz v ɕ ʒ dʒ ɡʷ qʼ~qχ qʷʼ~qχʷ
12.3 Proto-Northwest Caucasian to Ubykhqʲː(ʼ) ɢʲ χʲ → qʲ(ʼ) ʁʲ xʲ
qʷː ɢʷ → qʷ ʁʷ
qʲʷ qʲʷː qʲʷʼ ɢʲʷ χʲʷ ʁʲʷ → xʲ qʲ qʲʼ ʁʲ χʲ ʁʲ
qˤʲ → q(ˤ)
qˤʲʷ {qˤʲʷː,qˤʲʷ} ʁˤʲʷ → χʷ qʷʼ w
13 Chumashan13.3 Proto-Chumash to Inseñotʼ qʼ → t q
13.4 Proto-Chumash to Obispeñoq k → {q,k} {k(ʃ),tʲ} (allophonic)
13.5 Proto-Chumash to Purisimeñoqʼ → q
13.6 Proto-Chumash to Ventureñopʼ kʼ qʼ → p k q
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2 Proto-Eskimo-Aleut to Proto-Eskimoɣ ʁ → k q / #_
15.2.1 Proto-Eskimo to Barrow Iñupiaqɣ ʁ → k q / _#
v ʁ → p q / S_
v ɣ ʁ → p k q / _C (unless C = one of /l dʒ m n ŋ)
15.2.2 Proto-Eskimo to Greenlandic Iñupiaqv ʁ → p q / S_
v ɣ ʁ → p k q / _C (except where C = /l dʒ m n ŋ/)
15.2.3 Proto-Eskimo to Mackenzie Iñupiaqɣ ʁ → k q / _#
v ʁ → p q / S_
15.2.4 Proto-Eskimo to Wales Iñupiaqɣ ʁ → k q / _#
v ʁ → p q / S_
v ɣ ʁ → p k q / _C (except if C = /l dʒ m n ŋ/)
15.2.5 Proto-Eskimo to Kuskokwim Yup’ikɣ ʁ → k q / _#
15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’ikɣ ʁ → k q / _#
15.2.8 Proto-Eskimo to Unaaliq Yup’ikɣ ʁ → k q / _#
17 Indo-European17.2.3 Common Anatolian to Lycianh2 → q / _E (possibly plain velar stop)
19 Kartvelian19.3 Proto-Kartvelian to Zanq qʼ → x {kʼ,qʼ,ʔ}
29 Na-Dene29.1.1.1.13 Proto-Athabaskan to Hupa{qʷ,xʷ} qʷʼ ɢʷ ɣʷ → x(ʷ) q(ʷ)ʼ ɢ(ʷ) w
29.1.2 Proto-Athabaskan-Eyak to Eyakqʷ qʷʼ ɢʷ → q qʼ ɢ
29.2 Proto-Na-Dene to Tlingitqʼ qʷʼ → χ(ʷ)ʼ {χʼ,q(ʷ)ʼ}
30 Niger-Congo30.1.1.2 Proto-Bantu to Tswanamp nt ɲtʃ nk mp nd ɲdʒ nɡ → pʰ tʰ tɬʰ qʰ p t tɬ k
33 Penutian33.2.1 Proto-Wintuan to Nomlakitʃʰ kʰ qʰ {x,χ} → tʃ k(ʰ) {kʰ,qʰ,χ} kʰ
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucopʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t tʃ k q
χ → q / n_
34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviaph th kh qh → pʰ tʰ kʰ qʰ
χ → qʰ / #_
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcokh qh → kʰ qʰ
χ → qʰ / #_
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huaráspʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t ts k q
q → q͡χ
34.5 Proto-Quechumaran to Putamayopʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitopʼ kʼ qʼ → p k q
34.7 Proto-Quechumaran to Riobambapʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagopʼ tʼ tʃʼ kʼ qʼ → p t tʃ k q
34.9 Proto-Quechumaran to Tenapʼ tʼ kʼ qʼ → p t k q
40 Totozoquean40.2 Proto-Totozoquean to Proto-Totonacannʲ tʲ kʲ k → l tʃ k q
43 Uto-Aztecan43.2 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Hopik → q / _V[+low]
43.3 Proto-Uto-Aztecan to Luiseñok → q / #_V[+low]
k → q / an_
43.5.1.2 Proto-Mono-Kawaiisu to Mono(h)k → (h)q / _{o,a} ! ɨ_
kw → q / _a
(h)kʷ → hq(ʷ) / _{o,a}
45 Yuman-Cochimı́45.1.3 Proto-Pai to Tipaikʷ xʷ → q χ / _# (the paper calls these “back velars”)

with context involving /q/

20 matches

6 Afro-Asiatic6.1 Proto-Afro-Asiatic to Proto-Omotica(ː) → e(ː) / _{ʕ,q}$
6.2.2.1 Proto-North Erythrean to Proto-Chadicŋ → ∅ / V_{ts,q}
6.2.2.1.6 Classical Arabic to Cypriot Arabici → a / Cˤ_{q,ɣ,ʕ}
i → a / {q,ɣ,ʕ}_Cˤ
15 Eskimo-Aleut15.2.5 Proto-Eskimo to Kuskokwim Yup’ikt → s / _{k,q}
15.2.6 Proto-Eskimo to Nunivak Yup’ikt → s / _{k,q}
15.2.7 Proto-Eskimo to Siberian Yup’ikt → s / _{k,q}
15.2.8 Proto-Eskimo to Unaaliq Yup’ikt → s / _{k,q}
34 Quechumaran34.1 Proto-Quechumaran to Ayachucoh → ∅ / {p,t,k,q}_
34.2 Proto-Quechumaran to Boliviatʃ → ʃ / _q
34.3 Proto-Quechumaran to Cuzcoh → ∅ / nq_
h → ∅ / #q_{i,u}
tʃ → s / _q
34.4 Proto-Quechumaran to Huarástʃ → ts / _q
34.6 Proto-Quechumaran to Quitotʃ → ʃ / _q
34.8 Proto-Quechumaran to Santiagotʃ → ʃ / _q
35 Salishan35.1.7 Proto-Central Salish to Nooksacks → ʃ / #_{xʲ,w{i,a},qʷa}
36 Sino-Tibetan36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to LazeB → o / {qʰ,(N)q}_
36.3.1.2 Proto-Naish to Mosuo (Na)B → ɔ / {qʰ,(N)q}_
36.3.1.3 Proto-Naish to NaxiB → v̩ / {qʰ,(ŋ)q}_