Index Diachronica: involving /y/

92 results from /y/   79 results to /y/   16 results with context involving /y/   

plain

from /y/

92 matches

8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonic{a,e,o,æ} i u y ø → ə i ua {u,ə} {ə,u} / _Ce
{a,æ,e,ø,i,y} o → i u / _Ci
e i {o,u} æ ø y → {ə,a} {i,ə} ə a {ə,u} {u,ə} / _Co
8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolice o u æ ø y → {a,e} {o,u} {a,o,u a {a,o,u} {o,u,i} / _Ca
a e i o u æ ø y → {a,i} {e,ja} {e,i} {ø,y,o} {o,u,y} {i,a,e} {e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ce
a e u æ ø y → {a,e} {e,i} {y,ø} {i,e} {i,e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ci
a e o i æ ø y → {a,i,e} {a,e} u {o,u} e {ø,y,o,u} {o,u} / _Co
a e {o,u} æ ø y → {a,o,u} {e,a} {o,u} {a,o,u} {e,i,u} {i,o,u,y,ø} / _Cu
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusic{u,ø,y} æ → {o,u} ia / _Ca
y → u / P_C{e,i}
æ ø y → ia {o,u} i / _Ci
{u,æ,y} ø → {o,u} ia / _Cu
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkica e i u æ ø y → a {a,ʌ,e} {ɯ,i} {u,o} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} ɯ / _Ca
y → i / {r(ʲ),l(ʲ)}_e
a {e,i} o u æ ø y → {ɛ,a} ɛ {ø,o} {y,u} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} {y,ø} / _Ci
a e i æ ø y → {o,ja,aj} {ʌ,ɜ} ɯ {ia,ja} {o,u} {u,o} / _Co
e i æ ø y → {ɛ,a,ʌ} {ɯ,i} {e,a} {u,o} ɯ / _Cu
8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyz{u,ɯ}w {i,y}w aw {æ,e}w → uː yː oː øː
10 Austronesian10.1.2.5 Proto-Philippine to Ifugaoay → e / _#
17 Indo-European17.2.5 Common Anatolian to Palaichhy → “something like /ʒ/”
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshyː → ɨ
17.7.2.1.2 Old English to Kentish Middle Englishɑː y(ː) → ɔː e(ː)
17.7.2.1.3 Old English to Midlands Middle Englishɑː y(ː) → ɔː i(ː)
17.7.2.1.8 Old English to Northern Middle Englishy(ː) → i(ː)
17.7.2.1.9 Early Northern Middle English to Scots— iː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
17.7.2.1.10 Old English to Scots{y,i} → ɪ
17.7.2.1.12 Old English to Southern Middle Englishy(ː) → i(ː)
17.7.2.2.2 Middle Dutch to Modern Dutchiː yː → ɛi œy
17.7.2.2.3 Modern Dutch to Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
17.7.2.2.4 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germany(ː) yə ø(ː) øy → i(ː) iə e(ː) ei (intermittent)
uː yː iː → ou øy ei, except in certain unstressed endings and monosyllables, _C{C,V,#} (“especially before /xt/”), and Low German borrowings
uə yə iə → uː yː iː
ou øy ei → au oy ai
u y → o ø / _N (with some occasional exceptions)
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norseo(u) {ɔ,ɑ,au,ai,æ} {ja,jE,æ(i),e(i),y} → u a i
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norseau {ai,ey,ei} æ{y,i} øy Vː → o e æ ø V / #(C)(C)(C)_CC
{æ,e}i ai au w{ɪ,i} wy wV iu Vː → eː aː oː weː woː wVː eː oː V
ey → {jo,æ}ː / _ʀ
uN yN iN VN → o øː eː Vː / _{s,f}
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicu o a ø y e i → uː oː aː øi yː ei iː / _{ɲc,ɲɟ,ŋk,ŋɡ}
u o a øː eː y i → ʏɪ oi ai øi ei yː iː / _j
u oː aː ʏɪ {y,i} {y,i}ː æː eː ey → ʏ ou au ai y ɪ i je ei
17.7.3.1.2 Old Norse to Orkney Nornny → in
yː → ø / _j
yː → i
y → {ɪ,i}
ey → eː / _F
ey → ɛ / _r
ey → ai
17.7.3.1.3 Old Norse to Shetland Norn{u,o}(ː) a aː {ɒ,œ,y} e i(ː) → {o,ɔ}(i) æ(i) {ɔ,ɒ}(i) {o,ɔ}(i) {æ,e} / _{Ḱ,Cʲ}
{ɒ,ey} j{u,o,a}ː yː → o ø u / Ḱ_
y → ə / _r(ː)
yː → ø / _O[+ dental/alveolar]
ey → ø
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
y → i
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greekoj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchỹ → œ̃
17.12.1.1.7 Vulgar Latin to Rhaeto-Romanceuː → y (→ i in most descendants, with the exception of Engadine)
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-TocharianKʷy → ɕ
p {ts,k(ʷ)} m n l r y → pj sʲ ʂ mj ɲ lj rj wj / _{E(:),y}
oː(s,y) oːn → u {u,õ}
oy ay ey → ɛi ai əj
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuày → ɥ (→ y~u dialectally?) / C̣_
yʔ → yɛʔ / {l,C[+dental +sibilant]}_ in “QYS -juət-type” finals, dialectally?
yʔ → oʔ (eventually → {ʊʔ,(i)uʔ?) / {l,C[+dental +sibilant]}_, in “QYS -k-types”
yʔ → yʔ(~yɛʔ?) / {∅,C[+guttural]}, in -juət-types
yʔ → ioʔ (→ iʊʔ dialectally?) / {∅,C[+guttural]}_, in -k-types
yʔ → {ɥʔ,yʔ,uʔ} / C̣, in -juət-types
yʔ → oʔ (→ ʊʔ?) / C̣_, in -k-types
yjʔ → yʔ
yn → un / C̣_ (may have stayed yn or → ɥn in at least one area?)
je jeʔ yeʔ → ɛ ɛʔ uɛʔ / C̣_
yeʔ → yɛʔ (→ {uɔʔ,yɔʔ} in southern speech?)
ye jej → yɛ i
yen → uɛn / C̣_
yen → yɛn
42 Uralic42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicyje → øː → jø (?)
42.1.1.1.2 Standard Finnish to Modern Standard Finnishie yɤ uo → iː yː uː / _A
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianæy ey → æu eu
y ø → i e / else
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basque{w,y} → ∅ / _ja
46 Vowel Shifts46.3 Belgian and Netherlandish Dutch Monophthongizationɛi œy ɔu → ɛː œː ɔː
46.4 Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
46.5 Old English-to-Scots Vowel Shiftsiː eː ɛː aː oː uː {øː,yː} → əi i {i,e} e o u ø
46.8 Greek Vowel Shifty(ː) ɔː → i(ː) ɔ
46.10 Late Proto-Finnic to Savonian Vowel Shiftæy øy → æː øː
46.11 Middle Chinese to Cantonese Vowel Shift (“The Inner-Outer Flip”)uə yə → ɔ œ / _{n,t}
46.13 Old Norse to Faroese Vowel Shift{i,y} → iː / ɪ
{iː,yː} → ʊi / ʊ(i)
47 Most-Wanted Sound Changes47.3 List 3: Vowelsy → u (some mainland Greek dialects, and Tsakonian; this particular sound change has been said in some places to be impossible) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsakonian_language#Consonants)

to /y/

79 matches

8 Altaic8.3 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Mongolica e i o u æ ø y → {a,i} {e,ja} {e,i} {ø,y,o} {o,u,y} {i,a,e} {e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ce
a e u æ ø y → {a,e} {e,i} {y,ø} {i,e} {i,e,ø} {ø,y,o,u} / _Ci
e → {y,ø} / P_Co
e → {y,ø} / C_Po
a e o i æ ø y → {a,i,e} {a,e} u {o,u} e {ø,y,o,u} {o,u} / _Co
a e {o,u} æ ø y → {a,o,u} {e,a} {o,u} {a,o,u} {e,i,u} {i,o,u,y,ø} / _Cu
8.5 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Turkica {e,i} o u æ ø y → {ɛ,a} ɛ {ø,o} {y,u} {ia,ja,ɛ} {ia,ja} {y,ø} / _Ci
8.5.1 Proto-Turkic to Proto-Kypchakew (→ øj) → yj
8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyz{u,ɯ}w {i,y}w aw {æ,e}w → uː yː oː øː
17 Indo-European17.1.1 Proto-Indo-European to Gheg Albanianeː iː oː uː → o i e {y,i}
17.1.2 Proto-Indo-European to Tosk Albanianeː iː oː uː → o i e {y,i}
17.5.2 Proto-Celtic to Middle Welshuː {oi,ɔː} → yː uː
17.7.2.2.1 Old Low Franconian to Middle Dutchuː → yː
iu → {yː,io} (outcome varies depending upon dialect; the former seems more typical)
iw → yw (dialectal)
17.7.2.2.2 Middle Dutch to Modern Dutchiː yː → ɛi œy
17.7.2.2.3 Modern Dutch to Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
eː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germane(ː) i → ø(ː) y / _C[+ affricate]
e(ː) i → ø(ː) y / _{P,l,ʃ} (sporadic?)
e(ː) i → ø(ː) y / {P,l,ʃ}_ (sporadic?)
uː yː iː → ou øy ei, except in certain unstressed endings and monosyllables, _C{C,V,#} (“especially before /xt/”), and Low German borrowings
uə yə iə → uː yː iː
ou øy ei → au oy ai
17.7.2.4 High German Cosonant Shift and Umlauta u o → e y ø / _(C…){i(ː),j}
17.7.3 Common Germanic to Proto-Norseiu → yː
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norsea(i) {e,w{æ,i}} {we,ei} (w)ɪ → ey ø y ʏ / w_ ! hw_
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ y yː / _(C)(C)(C)j
{(j)u,we}ː {o,ɒ}ː aː au → yː øː æː æy
u {o,ɒ} a → y ø æ / _(C)(C)(C)i
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)i
{u,we,wi} {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)i
wa we wi → ɒː øː yː / #P_
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / _(C)(C)(C)j
u {o,ɒ} a au juː → y ø æ æy yː / #(C)(C)_ʀ
ɪʊ → yː
17.7.3.1.1 Old Norse to Early Icelandicu o a ø y e i → uː oː aː øi yː ei iː / _{ɲc,ɲɟ,ŋk,ŋɡ}
u o a øː eː y i → ʏɪ oi ai øi ei yː iː / _j
u oː aː ʏɪ {y,i} {y,i}ː æː eː ey → ʏ ou au ai y ɪ i je ei
17.8.2 Proto-Indo-European to Attic Greeku(ː)(j) → y(ː)(j)
oj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
17.8.3 Proto-Indo-European to Boeotian Greek{eː,ej} ɛː ɑ(ː)j {oj,ɔːj} → iː eː ɛː {y,ø}
17.8.8 Proto-Indo-European to Ionic Greeku(ː)(j) → y(ː)(j)
oj → øj → yj (→ yː sometimes)
17.12.1.1.3 Latin to Frenchou ɛu u uɛi → u œ y yi
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençal— ɔ → y / _{u,P,k,ɡ,i} (in northwestern dialects)
— o → y / _{tʃ,dʒ,it,id} (did not occur in Dauphiné)
— o → y / _ɲ (in northern and western dialects)
— o → y / _i# (in Bordeaux, Auvergne, and some of Languedoc)
— u → y
p k tʃ b ɡ β j → b ɡ i {b,u,u→y→i} ∅ {u,u→y→i} i / _r
17.12.1.1.7 Vulgar Latin to Rhaeto-Romanceuː → y (→ i in most descendants, with the exception of Engadine)
18 Je-Tupı́-Carib18.4.2 Proto-Tupí-Guaraní to CocamaeN → y / _#
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuày → ɥ (→ y~u dialectally?) / C̣_
yʔ → yɛʔ / {l,C[+dental +sibilant]}_ in “QYS -juət-type” finals, dialectally?
yʔ → yʔ(~yɛʔ?) / {∅,C[+guttural]}, in -juət-types
yʔ → {ɥʔ,yʔ,uʔ} / C̣, in -juət-types
yjʔ → yʔ
yeʔ → yɛʔ (→ {uɔʔ,yɔʔ} in southern speech?)
ye jej → yɛ i
yen → yɛn
36.3.1.1 Proto-Naish to Lazea u i iN → e y ɯ i / T_%
41 Trans-New Guinea41.4 Proto-Trans New Guinea to Kaetiu a → {u,o,y} {a,o}
42 Uralic42.1 Proto-Uralic to Pre-Finniciw ow → y uː / _(C) (*)
42.1.1 Pre-Finnic to Proto-Finnicê → y / _(X)CA
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnisheː øː oː → ie yø uo
i → y / #(C…)l_y
i → y / #(C…)_væ
42.1.1.1.2 Standard Finnish to Modern Standard Finnishie yɤ uo → iː yː uː / _A
42.1.2 Proto-Finnic to Livonianeː øː oː ɤ(ː) → iːe yːø uːo ɨ(ː)
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basqueu ũ → y ỹ / _r(p(ʰ),β,k(ʰ),ɣ,l,s̺,s̻,ʃ,h) (Souletin)
u ũ → y ỹ / _{s̻,ts̺,ts̻} (but not _s̺) (Souletin)
i → y / _(C…)y (Souletin)
46 Vowel Shifts46.4 Polder Dutch Vowel Shiftɛi œy ʌu → ai ay au
eː øː oː → ɛi œy ɔu
46.8 Greek Vowel Shiftu(ː) → y(ː)
ai ɔi → ɛ yː
46.10 Late Proto-Finnic to Savonian Vowel Shifteː øː oː → ie yø uo
46.17 Proto-Maidun to Nisenian Vowel Shiftu i e a → y e a o

with context involving /y/

16 matches

8 Altaic8.1 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Japonicŋ → m / #_{æ,ø,y}
8.4 Proto-Altaic to Proto-Tungusict → dʒ / #_{æ,ø,y}
8.5.1.2 Proto-Kypchak to Kyrgyze → i / k_y (maybe they mean k_j?)
17 Indo-European17.7.2.3 Middle High German to Standard Germanw → ∅ / {ou,øy,yː}_
17.7.3.1 Proto-Norse to Old Norse∅ → j / {y,e}(ː)_a
17.12.1.1.6 Vulgar Latin to Old Provençalɡ → ɡ / _{o,u/y}
17.13 Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Tocharianp {ts,k(ʷ)} m n l r y → pj sʲ ʂ mj ɲ lj rj wj / _{E(:),y}
{t,dʱ} → ts / _y
36 Sino-Tibetan36.2 Sin Sukchu to Guānhuàŋ → ∅ / _{i,j,w,y}
ʔ → ∅ / _{j,i,y}
42 Uralic42.1 Proto-Uralic to Pre-Finnica → æ / {a,e,ê,i,y}(X)(C)(C)_, when unstressed
42.1.1.1 Proto-Finnic to Proto-Finnishʋ → ∅ / #_{o,u,y}
∅ → ʋ / #_{yː,øː,oː}
42.1.1.1.1 Proto-Finnish to Standard Finnishe → ø / #(C…)_y
i → y / #(C…)l_y
44 Vasconic44.2 Proto-Basque to Basquei → y / _(C…)y (Souletin)